Kilian Island (also known as Elvira Island) is an uninhabited island in the Qikiqtaaluk Region, Nunavut, Canada. It is located in the Viscount Melville Sound, west of Stefansson Island, and north of Victoria Island.
It is named for Bernhard Kilian, chief engineer of the Polar Bear who tried to salvage the burning ship Elvira in September 1913 when the two schooners (the Polar Bear and the Elvira) were frozen in the ice of the Beaufort Sea, along with two ships belonging to Rudolph Martin Anderson's southern team of the Vilhjalmur Stefansson's Canadian Arctic Expedition 1913-1916.
- The Making of an explorer: George Hubert Wilkins and the Canadian Arctic Expedition, 1913-1916. Native and northern series. 38. McGill-Queen's Press. 2004. p. 380. ISBN 0-7735-2798-2.
- Polar Bear Voyage, 1913-14 
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