Kilimanoor

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This article is about Kilimanoor City. For the assembly constituency, see Kilimanoor Assembly Constituency. For the block panchayat, see Kilimanoor Block Panchayat.
Kilimanoor
കിളിമാനൂർ
City
Kilimanoor Nadakashala
Kilimanoor Nadakashala
Coordinates: 8°46′01″N 76°52′48″E / 8.767°N 76.88°E / 8.767; 76.88Coordinates: 8°46′01″N 76°52′48″E / 8.767°N 76.88°E / 8.767; 76.88
Country  India
State Kerala
District Thiruvananthapuram
Government
 • Type Local Self Government
 • Body Pazhayakunnummel Grama Panchayat & kilimanoor grama panchayat
Area
 • Total 44.35 km2 (17.12 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 45,523
Languages
 • Official Malayalam, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 695601
Telephone code 0470
Vehicle registration KLT, KLV, KRT, KRV, KET, KEV, KBT, KBV, KL-01/KL16
Civic agency Pazhayakunnummel Grama Panchayat & kilimanoor grama panchayat
The details are for Kilimanoor City
Ancient arch in Kilimanoor
Studio of Raja Ravi Varma
Puthen Malika

Kilimanoor is a census town in the state of Kerala, India. It is located on MC/SH 1 Road, 36 kilometres (22 mi) from the city of Thiruvananthapuram (Trivandrum). The town area is administered by two grama panchayats, Pazhayakunnummel and Kilimanoor grama panchayat. Kilimanoor town is an important business centre and one of the potential fast-growing towns in south Kerala. Kilimanoor is looking forward to become a municipality.

History[edit]

Kilimanoor ("land of the parrot and the deer") was ruled by a tribal chief during time of the Ettuveetil Pillamar in the kingdom of Travancore. The chief rebelled against the Maharajah Marthanda Varma, and the region was annexed and given to the Royal House of Kilimanoor.[1]

This Royal House of Kilimanoor has a history of more than 300 years. In 1705 (ME 880), the son and two daughters of Ittammar Raja of Beypore Thattarikovilakam, a Kolathunadu royal house, were adopted by the Royal house of Venad. Ittammar Raja's sister and her sons, Rama Varma and Raghava Varma, settled in Kilimanoor and married the now-adopted sisters. Marthanda Varma, the founder of the Kingdom of Travancore was the son of Raghava Varma. Raghava Varma's nephew, Ravi Varma Koil Thampuran, married Marthanda Varma's sister. Their son came to be known as Dharma Raja Kartika Thirunnal Rama Varma. In 1740, when an allied force led by Dutch Captain Hockert supporting the Deshinganadu king attacked Venad, an army from Kilimanoor tactfully resisted and then defeated them. Although a small victory, this was the first time an Indian army defeated a European power. In recognition of this feat, Marthanda Varma, in 1753, exempted the areas under control of Kilimanoor Palace from taxes and proclaimed autonomous status. The present palace complex was also built during this time along with the Ayyappa temple for the family deity.

Velu Thampi Dalawa held meetings at the Kilimanoor Palace, planning his revolts against the British. He handed over his sword at the palace before going for his final battle against the British. India's First President, Dr. Rajendra Prasad received the sword from the palace, and it is now kept at the National Museum, New Delhi.

Politics[edit]

The Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPI(M)) and Communist Party of India (CPI) have a strong base. Kilimanoor Assembly Constituency (SC) is part of Attingal (Lok Sabha constituency).[2]

Geography[edit]

Major towns around Kilimanoor

Transportation[edit]

Kilimanoor is on the Main Central Road. It is connected to the whole major destination by buses run by Kerala State Road Transport Corporation from the Kilimanoor bus depot. Kilimanoor is only 38 kilometres (24 mi) away from Thiruvananthapuram. The nearest airport is Trivandrum International Airport. The nearest rail is varkala shivagiri.

Notable residents[edit]

Educational Organizations[edit]

  • N.S.S College, Nilamel.[5]
  • Vidya Academy of Science And Technology, Kilimanoor.[6]
  • Sree Shankara Vidyapeetom College, Nagaroor, Kilimanoor.[7]
  • Rajadhani Institute of Engineering, Nagaroor, Kilimanoor.[8]
  • Govt. higher secondary school, Kilimanoor
  • Raja Ravi Varma vocational higher secondary school
  • Raja Ravi Varma higher secondary school for girls
  • Govt. higher secondary school, Thattathumala

Tourist attractions[edit]

  • Kilimanoor palace
  • Raja Ravi Varma Art gallery[9]
  • Jadayupara, Chadayamangalam[10]
  • Meenmutti waterfalls (Tholikkuzhy)
  • Thampurattippara
  • Puthiyakavu Devi Kshethram, Kilimanoor.
  • Mahadeveshwaram Mahadeva Kshethram, Kilimanoor.
  • Irumoola Siva Temple, Valanchery
  • Pazhayattumoozhy Sree Madan Thampuran Kshethram
  • Alathukave Sree Subrahmanya Swami Kshetharm.
  • Kizhakkedam Sree Dharmashastha Temple.
  • Puthukulangara Sreedharma sastha kshetram, Pullayil.
  • Holy Family Church, Karette, Kilimnoor.

See also[edit]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Kilimanoor, Kerala
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30.0
(86)
30.9
(87.6)
32.1
(89.8)
32.1
(89.8)
31.9
(89.4)
29.7
(85.5)
29.2
(84.6)
29.6
(85.3)
29.9
(85.8)
29.7
(85.5)
29.3
(84.7)
29.4
(84.9)
30.32
(86.58)
Average low °C (°F) 22.5
(72.5)
23.2
(73.8)
24.6
(76.3)
25.4
(77.7)
25.5
(77.9)
24.2
(75.6)
23.7
(74.7)
23.8
(74.8)
23.9
(75)
23.9
(75)
23.5
(74.3)
22.7
(72.9)
23.91
(75.04)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 21
(0.83)
30
(1.18)
56
(2.2)
142
(5.59)
218
(8.58)
382
(15.04)
295
(11.61)
195
(7.68)
184
(7.24)
283
(11.14)
207
(8.15)
61
(2.4)
2,074
(81.64)
Source: Climate-Data.org[11]

References[edit]

Bibliography