|Population||713 (2016 census)|
|• Density||4.035/km2 ( 10.451/sq mi)|
|Area||176.7 km2 (68.2 sq mi)|
|Federal Division(s)||Wide Bay|
Kilkivan was first inhabited by the Gubbi Gubbi tribe of the Australian Aboriginal peoples. The town was first settled by Europeans in the 1840s. Queensland’s first gold discovery was at Kilkivan in 1852 and subsequent findings escalated into a gold rush in the 1860s. The town was named for a pastoral run owned by pastoralist John Daniel Mactaggart after his father's farm name in Kintyre, Scotland.
Kilkivan Post Office opened on 8 June 1868. It was known as Neureum between 1876 and 1881.
In 1883, a court house, police quarters and lock-up was built at a total cost of ₤748 10s. It was a wooden building with an iron roof and consisted of the court house, two bedrooms, sitting room, kitchen, verandahs, and two cells.
The Kilkivan Library opened in 1967.
The Kilkivan War Memorial commemorates those of the district who served in the wars. It was dedicated on 28 March 1996.
The Kilkivan and District Museum and information centre in the main street features extensive displays which pay tribute to the regions early pioneers at the museum.
The country town features parks and restored historical buildings. Kilkivan has antique stores, a historical walk, and a cafe and B&B housed in the town's original bank.
Kilkivan is one of the few towns on the Bicentennial National Trail. A stone plaque commemorates the opening of the trail in 1988.
The Kilkivan Great Horse Ride is held annually in April. Over 1,000 horses and riders start from five points around Kilkivan and travel 20 – 30 kilometres (19 mi) along parts of the National Trail to Kilkivan for the Grand Parade down the main street.
Mudlo Gap is a popular forest park 8.5 kilometres (5.3 mi) north of Kilkivan.
Mount Clara chimney, thought to be the oldest surviving mining industry chimney in Queensland, and also among the first to have been built, is located 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) by road outside town, and is now conserved as a tourist attraction.
Major industries today include tourism, beef, dairying and forestry.
Kilkivan State School is a primary and secondary (P-10) school for boys and girls operated by the Queensland Government at 6 Council Street. In 2016, the school had an enrolment of 97 students with 14 teachers (12 full-time equivalent) and 10 non-teaching staff (7 full-time equivalent).
Kilkivan has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Kilkivan (SSC)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 25 October 2018.
- "Kilkivan - town (entry 18114)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 21 June 2017.
- "Kilkivan - locality (entry 46348)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 21 June 2017.
- Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Archived from the original on 15 May 2014. Retrieved 10 May 2014.
- "Kilkivan Police Station". Queensland Police Museum. 6 May 2014. Archived from the original on 19 October 2017. Retrieved 19 October 2017.
- "Public Libraries Statistical Bulletin 2016-17" (PDF). Public Libraries Connect. State Library of Queensland. November 2017. Archived (PDF) from the original on 30 January 2018. Retrieved 31 January 2018.
- "Kilkivan War Memorial". Monument Australia. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 5 April 2014.
- "Schools opening dates". Archived from the original on 11 August 2017. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
- "Kilkivan SS". Archived from the original on 2 February 2017. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
- "Kilkivan Shire Museum". Archived from the original on 2 February 2017. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
- "Kilkivan Great Horse Ride". Retrieved 30 January 2017.
- "Travel - Kilkivian". The Age. Fairfax. 8 February 2004. Archived from the original on 20 May 2012. Retrieved 24 May 2012.
- "2016 Annual Report" (PDF). Kilkivan State School. Archived (PDF) from the original on 19 October 2017. Retrieved 19 October 2017.
- "Kilkivan Library". Public Libraries Connect. State Library of Queensland. 27 April 2017. Archived from the original on 31 January 2018. Retrieved 31 January 2018.
- "Mount Clara Smelter (entry 600640)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 8 July 2013.
Media related to Kilkivan, Queensland at Wikimedia Commons