Kill Devil Hills, North Carolina
|Kill Devil Hills, North Carolina|
Kill Devil Hills Beach Guard Tower, North of the Wright Memorial
|Motto: Birthplace of Aviation|
Location in Dare County and the state of North Carolina.
|• Total||5.5 sq mi (14.4 km2)|
|• Land||5.5 sq mi (14.3 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)|
|Elevation||7 ft (2 m)|
|• Density||1,215/sq mi (464/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||1025849|
The town is home to the site of the Wright brothers' first controlled, powered airplane flights on December 17, 1903, which were commemorated by the Kill Devil Hill Monument, which was dedicated in 1932. At the time of their flight, the town of Kill Devil Hills did not exist, having received its municipal charter in 1953. Kitty Hawk, popularly noted as the site of the famous flights, is approximately four miles (6 km) to the north, and was the nearest settlement at the time of the famous flight.
Kill Devil Hills is the site of the Wright Brothers National Memorial, commemorating the siblings' four powered airplane flights of Thursday, December 17, 1903. Orville returned in 1911, and on October 25 he set a new world glider record, remaining in the air 10 minutes and 34 seconds, soaring against the wind with very little forward movement.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 5.5 square miles (14 km2), of which, 5.5 square miles (14 km2) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) of it (0.36%) is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 5,897 people, 2,585 households, and 1,491 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,067.8 people per square mile (412.5/km²). There were 5,302 housing units at an average density of 960.1 per square mile (370.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.40% White, 0.61% African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.59% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 1.05% from other races, and 1.05% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.95% of the population. 26.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.2% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.3% were non-families. 27.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.77.
In the town the population was spread out with 20.9% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 38.1% from 25 to 44, 22.8% from 45 to 64, and 10.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 105.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.3 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $39,713, and the median income for a family was $44,681. Males had a median income of $31,431 versus $23,206 for females. The per capita income for the town was $20,679. About 5.2% of families and 8.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.8% of those under age 18 and 5.5% of those age 65 or over.
Kill Devil Hills is home to the Outer Banks Daredevils of the Coastal Plain League, a collegiate summer baseball league. The Daredevils play at First Flight Baseball Complex on Veterans Drive in Kill Devil Hills. The Outer Banks Daredevils, founded in 1997, began play in Kill Devils Hills in 2006.
First Flight Airport covers an area of 40 acres at an elevation of 13 feet above mean sea level. It has one runway — designated 2/20 — with an asphalt surface measuring 3,000 by 60 feet. For the 12-month period ending August 19, 2009, the airport had 38,120 aircraft operations, an average of 104 per day: 97% general aviation, 3% air taxi, and <1% military.
The airport is notable for being the site of hundreds of pre-flight gliding experiments carried out by the Wright brothers. The U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission chose First Flight Airport as one of the stops for the National Air Tour 2003.
First Flight Elementary School and First Flight Middle School are in Kill Devil Hills, just south of the Monument. Kill Devil Hills is also served by First Flight High School. The school first opened on Tuesday, August 17, 2004, to 800 students. Previously, high school students from Kill Devil Hills attended Manteo High School.
- The 2006 album "Black Hole, Blank Canvas" by Norwegian band Motorpsycho contains a track named "Kill Devil Hills".
- In March 2011, it was announced that bass guitarist Rex Brown (Pantera) and drummer Vinny Appice (Heaven & Hell, Black Sabbath, Dio) had formed a new band called Kill Devil Hill.
- The 2005 heavy metal album Tyranny of Souls by Iron Maiden frontman Bruce Dickinson features a track named "Kill Devil Hill". The song is about the flight made by the Wright brothers.
- In the 1996 R.E.M. song "So Fast, So Numb" from the album New Adventures in Hi-Fi, the lyrics mention Kill Devil Hills.
- The Clutch song "Four Lords (And One More)" from Slow Hole to China mentions Kill Devil Hills in its lyrics.
- Rappers Ill Bill and DJ Muggs have an album entitled "Kill Devil Hills" released in 2010
- Dennis Anderson, driver of the Grave Digger monster truck in the Monster Jam touring series, also makes his home in Kill Devil Hills.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Census of Population and Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved April 5, 2013.
- "Kill Devil Hills". Outer Banks Visitors Bureau. Retrieved April 5, 2013.
- "Flying Machine: Construction and Operation – Chapter XXVII". Worldwideschool.org. 1911-07-01. Retrieved 2009-10-25.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- FAA Airport Master Record for FFA ( PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. Effective May 31, 2012.
- "The National Park Service and the National Air Tour 2003 Announce Plans for Stop at Wright Brothers National Memorial". U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission. 2003. Retrieved 2006-12-19.
- Freeman, Darren (18 August 2004). "NO LINES, NO CROWDS, JUST MORE SPACE". The Virginian-Pilot. Retrieved 2009-10-25.
Media related to Kill Devil Hills, North Carolina at Wikimedia Commons
- Official website
- Web Cam of Kill Devil Hills, NC – Avalon Fishing Pier
- First Flight High School at DareCountySchoolsOnline.com