Kill List

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Kill List
Theatrical release poster
Directed byBen Wheatley
Written by
  • Ben Wheatley
  • Amy Jump
Produced by
  • Claire Jones
  • Andy Starke
CinematographyLaurie Rose
Edited by
  • Robin Hill
  • Ben Wheatley
  • Amy Jump
Music byJim Williams
Distributed byOptimum Releasing
Release date
  • 12 March 2011 (2011-03-12) (SXSW)[1]
Running time
95 minutes[2]
CountryUnited Kingdom
Box office$462,206[3]

Kill List is a 2011 British psychological horror crime film directed by Ben Wheatley, co-written and co-edited with Amy Jump, and starring Neil Maskell, MyAnna Buring and Michael Smiley.

When a British soldier returns home from Kyiv, he joins an old friend in working as contract killers. His disturbed past surfaces as he spins out of control during jobs and ominous employers raise the stakes. It was filmed in Sheffield, South Yorkshire in England.[citation needed]


Jay and Gal are two former British soldiers turned hitmen. While Gal is laid-back, Jay is still reeling from an unspecified disastrous mission in Kyiv. Despite the urging of his wife Shel, Jay has not obtained full employment, to the point where they are financially broke.

Shel organizes a dinner party to which she invites Gal and his latest girlfriend, Fiona, a human resources manager. During the evening, Gal reveals he has a new job for them, which Shel encourages him to take. Meanwhile, Fiona goes to the toilet, carves a symbol on the back of the bathroom mirror, and takes a tissue that Jay had used to mop up his blood after a shaving accident. Jay accepts the job, and the two meet the shadowy client, who has a list of three people he wants killed. The employer unexpectedly cuts Jay's hand and his own, so that the contract is effectively signed in blood.

Their first target, captioned as "The Priest", appears to recognize Jay and thanks him just before being killed. The second name on the list, "The Librarian", is an archivist who keeps a collection of horrific, sickening videos of an undisclosed nature. Upon watching the videos, Jay is deeply disturbed and breaks down in tears. Confronting the archivist at his home, an enraged Jay beats him senseless and tortures him into identifying the names of the people who created the videos. As Gal goes to raid the safe, the archivist thanks Jay, who proceeds to savagely beat him to death with a hammer. Jay insists on chasing down and killing the archivist's associates, and as Gal looks into their files, he finds a folder on himself and Jay, including details of their Kyiv mission. Although they do not recognize it, the file includes the symbol that Fiona carved in Jay's mirror.

Upon Jay's insistence, Gal drives to the location of the creators of the sickening videos, where Jay promptly murders all of them in horrific fashion.

Gal informs Jay that, while raiding the safe in the home of the second target, he took enough money to cover the total sum they would receive for the contract. The pair decide to abandon the contract and return home. When his cut hand becomes infected, Jay visits his doctor, only to find that his regular doctor has been replaced by another man who will only give him cryptic advice. Jay and Gal return to their client and offer to find replacements to kill the last name on the list. The client refuses and says that both hitmen and their families will be killed if they do not complete the contract as they agreed. Shel takes their son Sam to the family's cottage for safekeeping while Jay and Gal go back to work.

Their final mark, "The MP", is a Member of Parliament who lives in a mansion. While observing the house, the pair witness a strange ceremony in the woods that culminates in human sacrifice. Jay opens fire with an assault rifle, and the leader of the ceremony presents himself for Jay to execute. He kills the leader and several cultists before the remaining masked members chase the hitmen into an underground complex. They capture and disembowel Gal, forcing Jay to perform a mercy killing on him. Emerging from the tunnels, Jay flees to the family cottage and meets with Shel. When he goes outside, he finds their car tires have been slashed and lit torches have been placed around the nearby field. Jay attempts to locate their attackers, but he is knocked unconscious. Inside the cottage, Shel arms herself and shoots several invaders.

Jay awakens in the field surrounded by the cultists, who strip him and place a mask over his face. He is confronted by his last victim, "The Hunchback", a masked and cloaked person armed with a knife. After a brutal knife fight, Jay triumphs, only to discover that the Hunchback was his wife with Sam strapped to her back. Shel laughs as she dies. The cultists applaud and remove their masks, revealing Fiona, the client, and the man from the doctor's office amongst their numbers. Jay is then crowned by the cultists.



After making Down Terrace, Wheatley wanted to use the lessons learned to make a horror film. The original treatment was a hybrid of the styles and themes of Get Carter and H. P. Lovecraft that was to have been shot in the Philippines.[4] Shooting took place over 18 days.[5] Wheatley was influenced by Stanley Kubrick in that he sought to find imagery first, then wove the plot around it.[6] In each scene, they shot one take using the script and then paraphrased and improvised. The actors also worked out back stories for their characters through improvisation.[7] The script was much more explicit in its themes and ideas, but Wheatley edited the film to form a more ambiguous and minimalist story. By keeping allusions to those scenes, he wanted to give viewers enough information to form their own interpretation.[8] Wheatley dislikes exposition, so he decided to avoid it. Instead, he focused on his own fears: nightmares that he had as a child and domestic disharmony. Themes included suburban desolation, homogeneity, and showing hitmen as violent murderers.[4] Wheatley also wanted to highlight current events: unpopular wars, a recession, and erosion of the social contract.[9]

The film's story came partially from casting ideas, and Wheatley specifically wrote the part of Jay for Neil Maskell, with whom he'd worked previously on a TV series. Wheatley always had a plan for the ending and made sure the story was logically consistent, though he states that there are multiple possible interpretations and the cult itself remains scarier when its motives and background are shrouded in mystery.[10] Wheatley states that cultists are a popular choice of antagonist because people are uneasy about the world and feel a lack of control and understanding; politicians and bankers who control their lives seem inscrutable.[5] The cult's symbol was designed by Wheatley, who later recognised influence from The Blair Witch Project. Wheatley was worried people might call him on its similarities, but he was instead surprised to find people comparing it to a symbol from Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, with which he is unfamiliar.[9] The film's most violent scene, the hammer murder, came about when Wheatley was surprised at the shocking violence in The Orphanage, which he had assumed would be a subtle art-house film. Wheatley stated that this turn toward violent horror in The Orphanage made the rest of the film unpredictable; he wanted a similar unpredictability in his own film, so that viewers were never sure whether the film would be subtle or explicit.[8]

The song "It Could Have Been Better", used in the film, is performed by Joan Armatrading. It was written by Armatrading and Pam Nestor and is from the 1972 album Whatever's for Us.[11]


The film's North American premiere was 12 March 2011 at SXSW in Austin.[1] It was released to UK cinemas on 2 September 2011.[12] IFC Films brought the film to video on demand 4 January 2012, and it received a US theatrical release 3 February 2012.[13] It was released on home video in the UK on 26 December 2011[14] and 14 August 2012 in the US.[15]


Rotten Tomatoes, a review aggregator, reports that 77% of 87 surveyed critics gave the film a positive review, and the average rating was 7.1/10; the consensus is: "Kill List is an expertly executed slow-burn crime thriller that thrives on tension before morphing into visceral horror."[16] Metacritic rated the film 67/100 based on 22 reviews.[17]

Total Film rated the film 5/5 stars and said that as well as being a horror film it was "also a mystery movie, a road movie and a grotesque riff on Arthurian legend, and is influenced as much by John Cassavetes, Alan Clarke and Ken Loach as Witchfinder General, The Wicker Man and The Blood on Satan's Claw" before concluding that "[a]uthentic dialogue, pitch-perfect performances and seductively scuzzy images comprise a film funny and bleak, tender and cruel, serious and 'out-there'. British horror has rarely hit these heights since the mid-'70s."[18] Peter Bradshaw reviewed the film for The Guardian and compared it to The Wicker Man and The Blair Witch Project, but he also said that Kill List "often looks like a film by Lynne Ramsay or even Lucrecia Martel, composed in a dreamily unhurried arthouse-realist style that is concerned to capture texture, mood and moment", concluding that "[a]s far as British horror goes right now, Kill List is pretty much top of the range".[19] Mark Kermode reviewed the DVD release for The Observer and stated that "[t]he end result is one of the most genuinely disturbing films of the year, a ruthless exercise in audience manipulation that will put even the most hardened genre fans through the emotional mangler"[20] and he later named it one of his favourite films of 2011.[21] Philip French of The Observer called the film an "edgy, mysterious thriller that begins in one generic mode and jumps, or modulates, into another".[22] Tom Huddleston of Time Out London rated the film 5/5 stars and compared it to the work of Shane Meadows. Huddleston called the film "nerve-shreddingly effective" and predicted the film would top rankings of British films.[23]

Kill List also received positive reviews in America. John DeFore of The Hollywood Reporter called it a "deeply edgy, gory crime film [that] maintains perfectly calibrated tension before dropping a bombshell that will be too much for some viewers".[24] Andrew Barker of Variety called it an "artful, sensitively acted thriller".[25] Roger Ebert rated it 3/4 stars and called it "baffling and goofy, blood-soaked and not boring".[26] David Harley of Bloody Disgusting rated it 4/5 stars and called it "an atmospheric delight, boasting incredibly intense performances by Maskell and Smiley, and a doozy of an ending that will unhinge even the most hardened of genre fans".[27] Writing for Dread Central, Jason Jenkins rated the film 4.5/5 stars and placed the film on his personal top ten list of the year,[28] while Gareth Jones rated it 3.5/5 stars and called it "an impeccably crafted thriller" that is frustrating for its lack of answers.[29] Jeannette Catsoulis of The New York Times called the plot "undercooked and a little baffling" but wrote, "[W]hen the plot doglegs into insanity, and the characters follow suit, this brutal fever dream refuses to fall apart".[30]

Owen Gleiberman of Entertainment Weekly rated it C and negatively compared it to its influences.[31] Scott Tobias of NPR compared it to Lost's tendency to set up mysteries and leave them unexplained.[32]

In 2015, the film was included in The Guardian's top 50 films of the demi-decade.[33]

The A.V. Club listed it number 18 in their 25 Best Horror Movies Since The Year 2000.[34]


Kill List received a number of nominations in the 2011 British Independent Film Awards and went on to win one:[35]


  1. ^ a b Fernandez, Jay A. (13 March 2013). "SXSW: 'Kill List' World Premiere – Sex Pistols, Trash Talking, Beer Shotgunning Relay". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 28 December 2013.
  2. ^ "KILL LIST (18)". British Board of Film Classification. 14 July 2011. Retrieved 17 May 2013.
  3. ^ a b "Kill List". The Numbers. Retrieved 28 December 2013.
  4. ^ a b Huddleston, Tom. "Ben Wheatley: British cinema's new wunderkind". Time Out London. Retrieved 28 December 2013.
  5. ^ a b "[Interview] TIFF '11: 'Kill List' Director Ben Wheatley". Bloody Disgusting. 21 September 2011. Retrieved 28 December 2013.
  6. ^ Smith, Nigel M. (3 February 2012). "'Kill List' Director Ben Wheatley Talks About 'That' Ending and Why the Film's So Personal". Indiewire. Retrieved 28 December 2013.
  7. ^ Harley, David (18 March 2011). "SXSW '11: INTERVIEW: 'Kill List' Director Ben Wheatley". Bloody Disgusting. Retrieved 28 December 2013.
  8. ^ a b Barone, Matt (9 January 2012). "Interview: "Kill List" Writer-Director Ben Wheatley Talks Ambiguous Horror, Sickening Audiences & Nightmare Imagery". Retrieved 7 January 2015.
  9. ^ a b Wise, Damon (26 August 2011). "Kill List: it's a war film, it's a horror film, it's complicated". The Guardian. Retrieved 28 December 2013.
  10. ^ Contario, Martyn (14 September 2011). "Interview: Ben Wheatley, Director of KILL LIST". Starburst. Retrieved 28 December 2013.
  11. ^ retrieved 15 February 2014
  12. ^ "Kill List: Watch an exclusive clip – video". The Guardian. 15 August 2011. Retrieved 28 December 2013.
  13. ^ Barton, Steve (25 October 2011). "IFC Bringing The Kill List to Pre-Theatrical VOD in January". Dread Central. Retrieved 28 December 2013.
  14. ^ Miska, Brad (25 November 2011). "Brilliant 'Kill List' Gets Christmas Release in UK". Bloody Disgusting. Retrieved 28 December 2013.
  15. ^ Miska, Brad (24 July 2012). "The Incredible Indie Thriller 'Kill List' Dated For Home Video!". Bloody Disgusting. Retrieved 28 December 2013.
  16. ^ "Kill List". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 28 December 2013.
  17. ^ "Kill List". Metacritic. Retrieved 28 December 2013.
  18. ^ Graham, Jamie (21 July 2011). "Kill List Review". Total Film. Retrieved 21 July 2011.
  19. ^ Bradshaw, Peter (1 September 2011). "Kill List – review". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 February 2012.
  20. ^ Kermode, Mark (18 December 2011). "Mark Kermode's DVD round-up". The Observer. Retrieved 23 February 2012.
  21. ^ Kermode, Mark (6 January 2012). "Eleven from Eleven". Kermode Uncut. BBC. Retrieved 23 February 2012.
  22. ^ French, Philip (3 September 2011). "Kill List – review". The Guardian. Retrieved 28 December 2013.
  23. ^ Huddleston, Tom (30 August 2011). "Kill List (18)". Time Out London. Retrieved 28 December 2013.
  24. ^ DeFore, John (18 March 2011). "Kill List: Movie Review". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 28 December 2013.
  25. ^ "Review: 'Kill List'". Variety. 15 March 2011. Retrieved 28 December 2013.
  26. ^ Ebert, Roger (14 March 2012). "Kill List". Retrieved 28 December 2013.
  27. ^ Harley, David (15 March 2011). "Kill List (limited)". Bloody Disgusting. Retrieved 28 December 2013.
  28. ^ Jenkins, Jason (16 August 2012). "Kill List (Blu-ray / DVD)". Dread Central. Retrieved 28 December 2013.
  29. ^ Jones, Gareth (20 December 2011). "Kill List (UK Blu-Ray)". Dread Central. Retrieved 28 December 2013.
  30. ^ Catsoulis, Jeannette (2 February 2012). "A Hit Man Finds Himself Stalked by Evil". The New York Times. Retrieved 3 June 2014.
  31. ^ Gleiberman, Owen (21 February 2012). "Kill List (2012)". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved 28 December 2013.
  32. ^ Tobias, Scott (2 February 2012). "Cult Horror, Plus Some Hatred on the Homefront". NPR. Retrieved 28 December 2013.
  33. ^ Bradshaw, Peter (5 January 2015). "Peter Bradshaw's top 50 films of the demi-decade". The Guardian. Retrieved 29 April 2015.
  34. ^ Rabin, Nathan. "The 25 best horror movies since 2000". Retrieved 19 October 2017.
  35. ^ krkail (31 October 2011). "2011 British Independent Film Awards for KILL LIST, WEEKEND, ALBATROSS and PINA!". IFC Films. Archived from the original on 6 April 2013. Retrieved 23 February 2012.
  36. ^ "Kill List". IMDb. Retrieved 19 October 2017.

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