Killa Saifullah District

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Killa Saifullah District
District
Country Pakistan
Province Balochistan
Established 14 December 1988
Headquarters Killa Saifullah
Government
 • District Nazim Haji Abdul Khaliq Meerzai
Population (2017)[1]
 • Total 342,814
Time zone PST (UTC+5)

Killa Saifullah, Killa Saifullah, Qilla Saifullah,or Saifullah Killa (Pashto: قلعہ سیف اللہ‎) (fort of Saifullah Khan) is a district in northwestern Balochistan province, Pakistan. It was established as a district in 1988 comprising two former administrative units of Zhob District: the Upper Zhob Sub-division and the sub-tehsil of Badinai, previously named Kashatoo and part of the subdistrict of Kakar Khurasan.[2]

The population counted in the 1998 census was 194,000.[3] The vast majority (99.2%) have Pashto as their first language.[4] Most of the people belong to the Ali clan, which is Sanzarkhail (Pashtuns).[citation needed] Majorly, Hamandzai, Ismailzai, Meerzai, Merdadzai and Musazai clans inhabit Qilla Saifullah, along with some others.

Name[edit]

Qilla Saifullah, Killa Saifullah or Saifullah's Qilla is a fort (qilla) built by Saifullah Khan, an influential personage and warlord among the Mirdadzai Khudiadadzai tribe of Kakar Sunzer-khels. This district is named after Saifullah Khan, who was from the Mirdadzai (Khodadzai) tribe of Kakar Sunzerkhail. He was the great grandson of Zarh Nikka (Faiz ullah Akhunzada), a renowned religious scholar of the region.

Historical background[edit]

Saifullah khan

The British sent its Zhob Expedition in 1884 in order to occupy the Zhob region through Baratkhail. Meanwhile the castles of Saifullah Khan Khoidadzai and Shah Jehan Jogezai (The Badshah of Zhob) were demolished. On 7 October 1884, an assault on the qalla (castle) of Shah Jehan near Akhterzai resulted the killings of many tribal people including Malik Hamza Daulatzai and Mohammad Ghous who fought bravely. On other side the brave tribe Hamandzai and Ismailzai challenged the foreigners to not enter the district Killa Saifullah. All 500 tribal Sardars admitted their submission before the British forces and also signed an agreement that they will not interfere in the affairs of British Government in Zhob region except Saifullah Khan Khoidadzai and Shah Jehan Jogezai, and Hamandzai tribe because they fought with mughal 500 years ago and captured a huge area from the mughal 500 years ago that today their new generation is living who had a narrow escape from the battle scene and established themselves at Kalat; where they used to operate their insurgency campaign against the British and never subdued before the British occupying forces.[5]

Early in the 13th century the country came within the sphere of the raids organised by Genghis Khan, the Mongol. In 1398 AD, an expedition against the Afghans of the area was led by Pir Muhammad, grandson of Amir Timur. Although no authentic information exist about any foreign occupation, many forts, mounds and karezes are attributed to the Mughals. Both Nadir Shah (1736-47 AD) and Ahmed Shah (1747-73 AD) extended their power through Balochistan and thenceforth Zhob remained under the more or less nominal suzerainty of the Durranis and Barakzais until it came under British protection. In the middle of the 18th century Ahmed Shah granted a sanad (certificate) to Bekar Nika, fourth in descent from Jogi and the head of the Jogezai family, conferring upon him the title and position of "Badshah or Ruler of Zhob". Shah Jehan Jogezai was conferred as Badshah of Zhob. The descendants of Shah Jehan Jogezai used to live in Loralai District of Balochistan.

Administration[edit]

The district is administratively subdivided into the following tehsils:[6]

At present the district is divided into two sub-divisions: Qilla Saifullah and Muslim Bagh. Kila Saifullah sub-division comprises one tehsil (Killa Saifullah) and one sub-tehsil (Badinai). Killa Saifullah tehsil is further sub-divided into two Qanungo circles and then into five5 patwar circles. The entire Badinai sub-tehsil is a Qanungo circle as well as patwar circle. Muslim Bagh sub-division comprises Muslim Bagh tehsil and Loiband sub-tehsil. The entire Muslim Bagh tehsil is one Qanungo circle, further sub-divided into four patwar circles. The Loiband sub-tehsil consists of one qanungo circle and is sub-divided into two patwar circles.

Populated places[edit]

Oil and minerals[edit]

The district is rich with mineral wealth and produce a high quality chromite in Pakistan, the second largest reserve in the world. Gypsum, ores of coal, salt, granite, marble, copper and gabbro are also found in various parts of the district. Being rich in oil and gas, the government of Pakistan has started oil and gas exploration in the Murgha Fairzai, Shaighala and Kakar Khurasan areas.

Location[edit]

Killa Saifullah is about 135 km south of the provincial capital Quetta. Neighbouring districts are Zhob, Loralai and Pishin.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "DISTRICT WISE CENSUS RESULTS CENSUS 2017" (PDF). www.pbscensus.gov.pk. 
  2. ^ PCO 1998, pp. 1, 8.
  3. ^ PCO 1998, p. 17.
  4. ^ PCO 1998, p. 22.
  5. ^ Zhob Gazetteer, Volume 2, Zhob and Pashtoon & Angrazi Isthamaar by Ulasyaar
  6. ^ Tehsils & Unions in the District of Killa Saifullah - Government of Pakistan

Bibliography[edit]

  • 1998 District Census report of Killa Saifullah. Census publication. 115. Islamabad: Population Census Organization, Statistics Division, Government of Pakistan. 2000. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 31°00′36″N 68°20′24″E / 31.01000°N 68.34000°E / 31.01000; 68.34000