Killing horizon

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A Killing horizon is a null hypersurface defined by the vanishing of the norm of a Killing vector field (both are named after Wilhelm Killing). [1]

In Minkowski space-time, in pseudo-Cartesian coordinates with signature an example of Killing horizon is provided by the Lorentz boost (a Killing vector of the space-time)

The square of the norm of is

Therefore, is null only on the hyperplanes of equations

that, taken together, are the Killing horizons generated by . [2]

Associated to a Killing horizon is a geometrical quantity known as surface gravity, . If the surface gravity vanishes, then the Killing horizon is said to be degenerate.

Black hole Killing horizons[edit]

Exact black hole metrics such as the Kerr–Newman metric contain Killing horizons which coincide with their ergospheres. For this spacetime, the Killing horizon is located at

In the usual coordinates, outside the Killing horizon, the Killing vector field is timelike, whilst inside it is spacelike. The temperature of Hawking radiation is related to the surface gravity by with the Boltzmann constant.

Cosmological Killing horizons[edit]

De Sitter space has a Killing horizon at which emits thermal radiation at temperature .


  1. ^ Reall, Harvey (2008). black holes (PDF). p. 17. Retrieved 2015-07-15.
  2. ^ Chruściel, P.T. "Black-holes, an introduction". In "100 years of relativity", edited by A. Ashtekar, World Scientific, 2005.