Killua Castle, Clonmellon County Westmeath
Killua Castle, and the nearby Raleigh Obelisk, are situated near Clonmellon, County Westmeath, Ireland. The present house was built in about 1780 by Sir Benjamin Chapman and consisted of a hall, dining room, oval drawing room, breakfast parlour and front and back stairs. There was also a stable yard, barn and haggard. From here, the Chapmans administered the surrounding farm lands of some 9,000 acres (36 km2) in the 18th century. In a ruinous condition, it was renovated in 2006.
Killua Castle and its surrounding lands were granted around 1667 to Benjamin Chapman, a captain in Cromwell's army, having been confiscated from the Knights Hospitallers of St. John. On his death the estate passed to his elder son, William, and on William's death in 1734 to his son Benjamin. Benjamin died in 1779 and was succeeded by his son Benjamin, who was created a baronet.
The present structure was built in 1780 by Sir Benjamin Chapman, 1st Baronet after demolishing the original castle. The castle was passed from him in 1810 by special remainder to his brother Thomas who in the early 1820s commissioned the addition of a large round tower and several other towers, including a library tower, staircase tower and back door tower. He also completed the castellation and erected the Raleigh obelisk nearby. He was succeeded in 1837 by his son Sir Montagu Chapman, 3rd Baronet, who was lost at sea off the coast of Australia in 1852. Montagu's brother Benjamin, the 4th baronet, inherited, from whom it passed to his son Montagu Richard, 5th baronet. Montagu Richard died childless in 1907 and his widow, a cousin, divided the estate between the four legitimate daughters of her brother Sir Thomas Chapman, 7th Baronet. The house and the remaining 1,200 acres (4.9 km2) of land were sold in 1949.
Until recently the house was an ivy-clad roofless ruin.
The obelisk, erected in 1810 by Sir Thomas Chapman some 200m to 300m from the house, marks the position where Sir Walter Raleigh planted some of the first potatoes that he imported to Ireland. Antoine Parmentier who promoted the cultivation of potatoes for human consumption and the Spanish conquistadores who first imported them from South America along the south and west Irish coast are also associated with Irish potato promotion. However, it is uncertain who is initially responsible of the first potato plantation in Ireland, even though Raleigh is frequently credited with this milestone in Irish history.
The inscription on the obelisk currently reads "Sir Walter G. Raleigh," but there is no other evidence that Raleigh had a middle name, and the "G" appears to be vandalism added after the original inscription.
The obelisk has been recently restored through a grant from the Irish Georgian Society.
Other Westmeath castles
- Ballinlough Castle
- Clonyn Castle aka Delvin Castle
- Knockdrin Castle
- Tullynally Castle
- Tyrrellspass Castle
- Killua Castle, Clonmellon, County Westmeath: Buildings of Ireland: National Inventory of Architectural Heritage
- Also called Ráistín, although attested to originally have been Cluain Miolain per this story by Tom Kelly, "Locals sign petition for Clonmellon name change" in the Westmeath Examiner, https://www.westmeathexaminer.ie/news/roundup/articles/2007/11/17/27514-locals-sign-petition-for-clonmellon-name-change, Saturday, 10th November, 2007, last accessed 29 Oct 2018: "locals are refusing to give up what they call the `real Irish name` for Clonmellon village and have signed a petition calling for its restoration. Clonmellon currently goes under the Irish name “Raistin”, but many locals believe that the name was originally Cluain Mioláin…“People remember when Clonmellon was called Cluain Miolain and when the village signs said Cluain Miolain. Raistin only started appearing from 1975 onwards…"
- Last (2017-08-19). "How former king of Spain and his friend turned Irish village into internet sensation". Independent. Retrieved 2017-11-11.
- Raleigh Obelisk, Killua Castle, Clonmellon, County Westmeath: Buildings of Ireland: National Inventory of Architectural Heritage
- Burke, John. A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire.