Kilmarnock Burghs (UK Parliament constituency)

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Kilmarnock Burghs
Former District of burghs constituency
for the House of Commons
Subdivisions of Scotland Ayrshire, Lanarkshire, Dumbartonshire, Renfrewshire
Major settlements Kilmarnock, Dumbarton, Rutherglen, Renfrew, Port Glasgow
18321918
Number of members One
Replaced by Kilmarnock
Dumbarton Burghs
West Renfrewshire
East Renfrewshire
Rutherglen
Created from Ayrshire constituency
Renfrewshire
Glasgow Burghs

Kilmarnock Burghs was a district of burghs constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1832 to 1918. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first-past-the-post voting system.

Kilmarnock county constituency was created when the district of burghs constituency was abolished.

Boundaries[edit]

The constituency consisted five parliamentary burghs: Kilmarnock in the county of Ayr, Dumbarton in the county of Dumbarton, Rutherglen in the county of Lanark and Renfrew and Port Glasgow in the county of Renfrew.

The Kilmarnock burgh was previously within the Ayrshire constituency and Port Glasgow was previously within the Renfrewshire constituency. Dumbarton, Rutherglen and Renfrew were transferred from Glasgow Burghs.

In 1918 the burgh of Kilmarnock was merged into the then new Kilmarnock county constituency, which included areas previously within North Ayrshire and South Ayrshire. The new Kilmarnock constituency consisted of "The county district of Kilmarnock, inclusive of all burghs situated therein except in so far as included in the Ayr District of Burghs." The burgh of Dumbarton was transferred to Dumbarton Burghs, the burgh of Port Glasgow was merged into West Renfrewshire, the burgh of Renfrew into East Renfrewshire and the burgh of Rutherglen into the Rutherglen constituency.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[1] Party
1832 John Dunlop Liberal[2]
1835 John Bowring Radical
1837 John Campbell Colquhoun Conservative[2]
1841 Alexander Johnston Liberal[2]
May 1844 by-election Edward Pleydell Bouverie Liberal
Feb 1874 James Fortescue Harrison Liberal[2]
1880 John Dick Peddie Liberal
1885 Peter Sturrock Conservative
1886 Stephen Williamson Liberal
1895 John McAusland Denny Conservative
1906 Adam Rolland Rainy Liberal
1911 by-election William Glynne Charles Gladstone Liberal
1915 by-election Alexander Shaw Liberal
1918 constituency abolished: see Kilmarnock

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 1860s[edit]

General Election 1868: Kilmarnock Burghs[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Edward Pleydell-Bouverie 2,892
Edwin Chadwick 1,146
R. Thompson 999

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1885: Kilmarnock Burghs[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Peter Sturrock 3,645 40.2
Liberal John Peddie 3,513 38.7
Independent Liberal John Dalrymple 1,862 20.5
Independent Conservative John Steven Storr 55 0.6
Majority
Turnout 86.6
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing
General Election 1886: Kilmarnock Burghs[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Stephen Williamson 4,664 55.2 +16.5
Conservative Peter Sturrock 3,870 44.8 +4.6
Majority 884 10.4 11.9
Turnout 80.6
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +6.0

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1892: Kilmarnock Burghs[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Stephen Williamson 5,110 54.1 -1.1
Conservative Charles Dickson 4,335 45.9 +1.1
Majority 775 8.2 -2.2
Turnout 84.2
Liberal hold Swing -1.1
General Election 1895: Kilmarnock Burghs[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Denny 5,432 51.8 +5.9
Liberal Stephen Williamson 5,051 48.2 -5.9
Majority 381 3.6 11.8
Turnout 87.2 +3.0
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +5.9

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1900: Kilmarnock Burghs[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Denny 6,076 51.6 -0.2
Liberal Adam Rainy 5,692 48.4 +0.2
Majority 384 3.2 -0.4
Turnout 86.4
Conservative hold Swing -0.2
General Election 1906: Kilmarnock Burghs[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Adam Rainy 8,268 59.0 +10.6
Conservative Thomas W McIntyre 5,743 41.0 -10.6
Majority 2,525 18.0 21.2
Turnout 87.4 +1.0
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +10.6

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

Adam Rainy
General Election Jan 1910: Kilmarnock Burghs[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Adam Rainy 8,937 61.1 +2.1
Conservative John James Bell 5,701 38.9 -2.1
Majority 3,236 22.2 +4.2
Turnout 88.9
Liberal hold Swing +2.1
W. Gladstone
General Election December 1910: Kilmarnock Burghs[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Adam Rainy 8,657 60.9
Conservative James Buyers Black 5,569 39.1
Majority 3,088 21.8
Turnout 14,226 86.4
Liberal hold Swing
J.D. Rees
Alex Shaw
Kilmarnock Burghs by-election, 1911[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Gladstone 6,923 48.3 -12.6
Conservative John David Rees 4,637 32.4 -6.7
Labour Thomas McKerrell 2,761 19.3 n/a
Majority 2,286 15.9 -5.9
Turnout 14,321
Liberal hold Swing -3.0
Kilmarnock District by-election, 1915[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Alexander Shaw unopposed n/a n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "K" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
  2. ^ a b c d Craig, F. W. S. (1989) [1977]. British parliamentary election results 1832–1885 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 552. ISBN 0-900178-26-4. . Note: Craig does not distinguish between Whigs, Radicals, and Liberals, labellling them all as "Liberal"
  3. ^ Debrett's House of Commons, 1870
  4. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1889
  5. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1893
  6. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1901
  7. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1907
  8. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1916
  9. ^ British parliamentary election results 1885-1918 by Craig, F.W.S. (1974)
  10. ^ British parliamentary election results 1885-1918 by Craig, F. W. S. (1974)