Kilmarnock Burghs by-election, 1911

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The Kilmarnock Burghs by-election was a Parliamentary by-election held on 26 September 1911. It returned one Member of Parliament to the House of Commons of the United Kingdom, elected by the first past the post voting system. The constituency consisted of five parliamentary burghs: Kilmarnock in the county of Ayr, Dumbarton in the county of Dumbarton, Rutherglen in the county of Lanark and Renfrew and Port Glasgow in the county of Renfrew.


Adam Rolland Rainy had been Liberal MP for Kilmarnock Burghs since gaining the seat from the Conservatives in 1906. He died on 26 August 1911 at the youthful age of 49, causing the by-election.

Electoral history[edit]

Dr Rainy's Liberal victory in 1906 coincided with the landslide win for his party across the UK. However, when the Liberals lost ground in January 1910, Rainy managed to increase his majority. That comfortable win was confirmed 11 months later;

Dr Adam Rainy
General Election December 1910: Kilmarnock Burghs[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Adam Rolland Rainy 8,657 60.9 -0.2
Conservative James Buyers Black 5,569 39.1 +0.2
Majority 3,088 21.8 -0.4
Turnout 14,226 86.4
Liberal hold Swing -0.2


JD Rees



WGC Gladstone
Kilmarnock Burghs by-election, 1911[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Glynne Charles Gladstone 6,923 48.3 -12.6
Conservative Sir John David Rees 4,637 32.4 -6.7
Labour Thomas McKerrell 2,761 19.3 n/a
Majority 2,286 15.9 -5.9
Turnout 14,321
Liberal hold Swing -3.0


Rees was to get elected at the Nottingham East by-election, 1912. A General Election was due to take place by the end of 1915. By the autumn of 1914, the following candidates had been adopted to contest that election.

Due to the outbreak of war, the election never took place. In 1915 while serving in France, Gladstone was Killed in action. This resulted in the Kilmarnock Burghs by-election, 1915 in which the Liberal Alexander Shaw was returned unopposed. McKerrell did not stand for parliament again.


  1. ^ British parliamentary election results 1885-1918 by Craig, F.W.S. (1974)
  2. ^ a b "WILLIAM G. C. GLADSTONE". The Spectator. 28 June 1918. pp. 14–15. Retrieved 17 January 2014. 
  3. ^ "W G C Gladstone an MP". New York Times. 28 September 1911. Retrieved 17 January 2014. 
  4. ^ "Portraits and Personal Notes." Illustrated London News [London, England] 16 Sept. 1911: 434. Illustrated London News. Web. 5 Mar. 2014.
  5. ^ "Speeches On The Crisis." Times [London, England] 4 Mar. 1912: 7. The Times Digital Archive. Web. 5 Mar. 2014.
  6. ^ "Kilmarnock Burghs Election." Times [London, England] 11 Sept. 1911: 5. The Times Digital Archive. Web. 5 Mar. 2014.
  7. ^ British parliamentary election results 1885-1918 by Craig, F. W. S. (1974)