Kilmorey Mausoleum

Coordinates: 51°27′40″N 0°19′22″W / 51.46112°N 0.32288°W / 51.46112; -0.32288
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Kilmorey Mausoleum
Entrance to the Kilmorey Mausoleum
General information
Architectural styleEgyptian Revival
AddressSt Margarets Road
Town or citySt Margarets, London Borough of Richmond upon Thames
Coordinates51°27′40″N 0°19′22″W / 51.46112°N 0.32288°W / 51.46112; -0.32288
Construction startedc. 1853
OwnerRichmond upon Thames Borough Council
DesignationsGrade II*[1]
Other information
Number of rooms
Listed Building – Grade II*
Official nameThe Kilmorey Mausoleum, including enclosure wall, railings and gate
Designated3 November 1995
Reference no.1240128
White marble relief

The Kilmorey Mausoleum, in St Margarets in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames, is a Grade II* listed[1] mausoleum in the style of an ancient Egyptian monument and has been described as a "fine example of an Egyptian-style mausoleum, with an unusually good interior".[1] Designed by Henry Edward Kendall Jr. (1805–1885)[1][2] and built, at a cost of £30,000,[3][4] in pink and grey granite with a bronze door,[1] it was commissioned in the 1850s by the 2nd Earl of Kilmorey (1787–1880) and contains the bodies of the Earl and his mistress, Priscilla Anne Hoste (1823–1854).

Priscilla died of heart disease on 21 October 1854, and she was buried in the mausoleum, with the inscription "Priscilla, the beloved of Francis Jack, Earl of Kilmorey".

When Kilmorey himself died in June 1880, aged 92, he was buried beside her in the mausoleum underneath a bas-relief in white marble showing the dying Priscilla on a couch surrounded by her lover and ten-year-old son Charles (b. 1844). The bas-relief was carved in Rome by portrait sculptor Lawrence Macdonald.[3]

Location and ownership[edit]

Originally erected in Brompton Cemetery, the mausoleum was moved first to Woburn Park near Weybridge in about 1862, and from there to its present location in about 1868.[1]

In 1936 the grounds of the mausoleum were passed on in perpetuity to Hounslow Borough Council on condition that access would be maintained. Following changes to the Hounslow/ Richmond local borough boundaries in 1994, the mausoleum became the responsibility of Richmond upon Thames London Borough Council.[5]

The mausoleum today[edit]

The mausoleum, including the enclosure wall, railings and gate, are Grade II* listed[1] and are on Historic England's At Risk Register.[6] The surrounding cast iron railings, which in contrast to the building's Egyptian revival theme, are in a Gothic revival style,[7] are in a poor condition and discussions on sources of grant funding are underway.[6]

Situated in a wildlife site of about a third of an acre, the mausoleum is run and maintained entirely by volunteers, with assistance from Habitats & Heritage, and a contribution from Richmond upon Thames Council and English Heritage. Since 2001, the Mausoleum has been opened annually for events such as Open House.[8]

Further reading[edit]

  • A C B Urwin, The Second Earl of Kilmorey and his Mausoleum in St Margarets (Borough of Twickenham Local History Society, paper no. 75, 1997)[1]
  • A C B Urwin, The Story of Gordon, Lacey and St Margarets Houses (The Hounslow and District Society, 1974)[1]
  • Original drawings of the mausoleum, signed by Kendall and Pope, architects, of 33 Brunswick Square, are at The National Archives, ref. WORK 38/46.[1]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Historic England (3 November 1995). "The Kilmorey Mausoleum, including enclosure wall, railings and gate (1240128)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2 December 2013.
  2. ^ with an unidentified "Pope": Curl, James Stevens (2005). The Egyptian Revival: Ancient Egypt as the Inspiration for Design Motifs in the West. Abingdon, Oxfordshire / New York: Routledge. ISBN 9780415361194.
  3. ^ a b "Home page". Kilmorey Mausoleum. Retrieved 2 December 2013.
  4. ^ Rachel Bishop (14 June 2013). "Egyptian tomb was damaged by repairs". Richmond and Twickenham Times. London. p. 4.
  5. ^ "Kilmorey Mausoleum". Habitats & Heritage. Retrieved 6 July 2022.
  6. ^ a b "The Kilmorey Mausoleum, including enclosure wall, railings and gate". Heritage at Risk. Historic England. Retrieved 11 June 2015.
  7. ^ "Architectural Features of the Mausoleum". Kilmorey Mausoleum. Retrieved 2 December 2013.
  8. ^ "Kilmorey Mausoleum". Habitats & Heritage. Retrieved 6 July 2022.

External links[edit]