Kim–Xi meetings

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The Kim–Xi meetings are a series of summits between North Korea and China during 2018 and 2019. North Korean supreme leader Kim Jong-un secretly met with Chinese paramount leader Xi Jinping on March 25–28, 2018. Xi made a classified invitation to Kim to visit China, after which Kim visited Beijing used his bullet proof train to travel to the three-day meeting. It is his first known out-of-country diplomatic trip since taking power.[1] Kim and Xi had a second surprise meeting on May 7–8, 2018 in the city of Dalian.[2] Kim and Xi had a third surprise meeting on June 19–20, 2018. They had a fourth surprise meeting on January 7–10, 2019 in Beijing, followed by a fifth meeting June 20-21, 2019 in Pyongyang.

First meeting[edit]

First meeting
DateMarch 25–28, 2018 (2018-03-25 – 2018-03-28)
LocationZhongnanhai, Beijing, China
ParticipantsChina Xi Jinping (General Secretary)
North Korea Kim Jong-un (Chairman)

The first China–North Korea meeting in 2018 was organized by the invitation from Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the Communist Party of China (de facto paramount leader). During the meeting between the two heads of state, Kim Jong-un officially invited Xi Jinping to Pyongyang at a time convenient for him, and Xi accepted the invitation.[3] During the confidential summit schedule, Xi presented and explained the list of the presents to Kim, who also prepared several gifts and described their details for Xi.[4] Xi urged Kim to strengthen the strategic and diplomatic future partnership between China and North Korea. Kim stressed to Xi that North Korea and China are long-established socialist countries and that there are many ways to cooperate in various aspects in the future.[5][dead link]


Regarding North Korea nuclear weapons crisis with a diplomatic solution and Beijing's issue with US trade war, the two leaders meeting might be substantial leverage for answering to a puzzle of resolution to both two long-lasting socialist countries.[6]

As regards Chinese state news agency, Xinhua, quoted Kim's statement "The issue of denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula is resolved, and South Korea and the United States respond to our efforts with goodwill, create an atmosphere of peace and stability while taking progressive and synchronous measures for the realization of peace. " President Trump’s new national security advisor: John Bolton would not adopt the unreasonable solution - examples: sheer costs for North Korea's denuclearization (e.g., withdrawal of U.S. troops from the Korean peninsula or mutual denuclearization for both the DPRK and United States) after Kim-Xi summit.[7]

Second meeting[edit]

Second meeting
DateMay 7–8, 2018 (2018-05-07 – 2018-05-08)
LocationDalian, Liaoning, China
ParticipantsChina Xi Jinping (General Secretary)
North Korea Kim Jong-un (Chairman)

Kim Jong-un met Xi Jinping for the second time in Dalian, Liaoning on May 7–8, 2018.[8] The two leaders discussed how to cooperate at the communist level on denuclearization, and peace on the Korean peninsula. They also discussed China–DPRK relations and significant issues of common concern, Xinhua reported. U.S. President Trump emphasized that China should cooperate with the U.S.'s continued implementation of economic sanctions, with commercial and financial penalties on North Korea until it permanently dismantles its nuclear weapons and ICBM missile programs. This is the second time China's paramount leader Xi Jinping has met Kim Jong-un in two months, and Xi Jinping reaffirmed his state visit to Pyongyang by the end of 2018.[9]

Third meeting[edit]

Third meeting
DateJune 19–20, 2018 (2018-06-19 – 2018-06-20)
LocationZhongnanhai, Beijing, China
ParticipantsChina Xi Jinping (General Secretary)
North Korea Kim Jong-un (Chairman)

Kim Jong-un met with Xi Jinping in Beijing on June 19th, and 20th, 2018.[10][11] Kim was speculated to have sought advice from Xi about a future, mutually beneficial negotiation strategy between the DPRK and United States. [12]

Fourth meeting[edit]

Fourth meeting
DateJanuary 7–10, 2019 (2019-01-07 – 2019-01-10)
LocationZhongnanhai, Beijing, China
ParticipantsChina Xi Jinping (General Secretary)
North Korea Kim Jong-un (Chairman)

Kim Jong-un met with Xi Jinping in Beijing on January 7th, 8th, 9th, and 10th, 2019.[13] The trip began on Kim's 35th birthday. It is suspected by many that Kim Jong-un was briefing Xi Jinping on the upcoming Trump-Kim summit in Hanoi, Vietnam and seeking advice. Kim transited China via train during the journey to Vietnam.

Fifth meeting[edit]

Fifth meeting
DateJune 20–21, 2019 (2019-06-20 – 2019-06-21)
LocationPyongyang, North Korea
ParticipantsChina Xi Jinping (General Secretary)
North Korea Kim Jong-un (Chairman)

Xi Jinping visited Kim Jong-un in the North Korean capital of Pyongyang on 20–21 June 2019. It was the first visit by a Chinese leader to the country since Hu Jintao's visit 14 years prior and the first one for Xi personally since his visit to North Korea as Vice President in 2008.[14][15][16] President Xi was met at Pyongyang International Airport by Chairman Kim where he received full military honours including a 21-gun salute and a march-past by the Supreme Guard Command Honor Guard Battalion and the Central Military Band of the Korean Peoples Army. He also became the first Chinese leader to visit the Kumsusan Palace of the Sun. The following evening, Xi and Kim witnessed a performance of the Korean People's Army State Merited Chorus and Symphony Orchestra at the reopening of the 2019 Arirang Mass Games at Rungrado 1st of May Stadium.[17]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Park, Yuna; Campbell, Joseph (17 March 2018). "Now North Korean diplomat heads to Finland amid new diplomatic flurry".
  2. ^ Jiang, Steven; Westcott, Ben; Han, Sol (9 May 2018). "Kim Jong Un meets with Xi Jinping in northern China". CNN. Retrieved 9 May 2018.
  3. ^ Huang, Cary (3 April 2018). "Kim Jong-un and Xi Jinping take centre stage in diplomatic drama on the Korean peninsula". Retrieved 6 April 2018.
  4. ^ "Kim Jong Un's visit to China - Korean Central TV documentary". YouTube (Online video). Korean Central TV documentary. 29 March 2018. 9′21″. Retrieved 6 April 2018.
  5. ^ "Kim Jong Un's visit to China [English][North Korean TV]". YouTube (Online video). stimmekoreas. 29 March 2018. Retrieved 6 April 2018.
  6. ^ "Kim's visit to China: you scratch my back and I'll scratch yours". Hong Kong Economic Journal. 29 March 2018. Retrieved 6 April 2018.
  7. ^ Aum, Frank (28 March 2018). "North Korea-China Summit: The 'Strategic Choice' by Both Sides- Frank Aum: Xi Jinping and Kim Jong-Un Meet to Seek Leverage with the United States". Hong Kong Economic Journal on March 29. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
  8. ^ 金, 佳绪 (10 May 2018). "40多天两度会晤,习近平同金正恩谈了哪些大事" [Two meetings in more than 40 days, Xi Jinping discussed what important issues with Kim Jong-un] (in Chinese). Xinhuanet. Retrieved 24 May 2018.
  9. ^ Jiang, Steven; Westcott, Ben (8 May 2018). "Kim Jong Un holds second meeting with Xi Jinping in China". Archived from the original on 8 May 2018.
  10. ^ "朝鲜领导人金正恩6月19日至20日对中国进行访问" [North Korean leader Kim Jong-un visited China from June 19th to 20th] (in Chinese). 19 June 2018. Retrieved 19 June 2018.
  11. ^ 李, 忠发 (19 June 2018). "习近平举行仪式欢迎金正恩访华" [Xi Jinping holds ceremony welcoming Kim Jong-un to China] (in Chinese). Retrieved 19 June 2018.
  12. ^ Lu, Zhenhua; Lee, Jeong-ho (19 June 2018). "North Korea's Kim Jong-un in China for two-day trip 'to brief Xi Jinping on Donald Trump summit'". Retrieved 19 June 2018.
  13. ^
  14. ^
  15. ^ "Xi Jinping to make first official visit to North Korea". CNN. Retrieved 2019-06-17.
  16. ^ Sang, Lucia Suarez (2019-06-17). "Chinese President Xi to visit North Korea amid Hong Kong protests, tension with US". Fox News. Retrieved 2019-06-17.
  17. ^