Kim Hyŏng-jik, Korean independence activist
|Born||Pyongyang, Joseon10 July 1894,|
|Died||5 June 1926(aged 31)|
Kim Hyŏng-jik (10 July 1894 – 5 June 1926) was a Korean independence activist and Communist politician. Hyŏng-jik was the father of North Korean founder Kim Il-sung, grandfather of the late leader of North Korea, Kim Jong-il, and great-grandfather of the current leader of North Korea, Kim Jong-un.
Little is known about Kim. Born on 10 July 1894, in the small village of Mangyungdai, situated on top of a peak called "Mungyungbong" (translated as "All Seeing Peak") located just 12 kilometers down stream on the Diadong River from the city of Pyongyang, Kim was the son of Kim Bo-hyon (金輔鉉, 1871–1955). Kim attended Sungshil School, which was run by American missionaries, and became a teacher and later an herbal pharmacist. He died as a result of numerous medical problems, including third-degree frostbite.
Kim Il-sung spoke a lot of his father's idea of chiwŏn (righteous aspirations).
Kim Jong-Il's official government biography states that Kim Hyong-jik was "the leader of the anti-Japanese national liberation movement and was a pioneer in shifting the direction from the nationalist movement to the communist movement in Korea." This is widely disputed among foreign academics and independent sources, who claim that Kim Hyong-jik's opposition was little more than general grievances with life under the Japanese occupation. Kim Il-sung claimed his ancestors, including his grandfather Kim Bo-hyon and great-grandfather Kim Un-u (1848–1878) were involved in the General Sherman incident, but this is also disputed and believed to be a fabrication.
|Select[α] family tree of North Korea's ruling[β] Kim family[γ][δ]|
- Baik Bpong, Kim Il Sung, Volume I: From Birth to the Triumphant Return to the Homeland (Dar al-Talia Publishers: Beirut Lebanon, 1973) p. 19.
- Hyung-chan Kim (2003). "Kim Jong Il's North Korea and Its Survivability". Korea and World Affairs (Korea: Pʻyŏnghwa Tʻongil Yŏnʼguso) 27: 251. ISSN 0251-3072. OCLC 3860590.
One also has to accept the existence of Kim Bo-hyeon (1871–1955), Kim Il-sung's grandfather, who participated in anti-Japanese activities.
- Gourevitch, Philip (September 8, 2003). "Alone in the dark". The New Yorker. Archived from the original on December 29, 2013.
- "Kim Il Sung killer file". Moreorless : Heroes and killers of the 20th century.
- April 15th Writing Staff, Central Committee of Korean Writers' Union. Dawn of a New Age: A Novel 1. Pyongyang: Foreign Languages Publishing House. OCLC 154676863.
- The Party History Institute of the C. C. Of the Workers' Party of Korea (1973). Kim Hyong Jik: Indomitable Anti-Japanese Revolutionary Fighter. Pyongyang: Foreign Languages Publishing House. OCLC 252037406.
- Ponghwa Revolutionary Site. The Korean Preparatory Committee for the 13th WFTYS. 1988. KPEA 2JB070.