Kimilsungist-Kimjongilist Youth League
|Kimilsungist-Kimjongilist Youth League|
|Headquarters||Pyongyang, North Korea|
|International affiliation||World Federation of Democratic Youth (WFDY)|
|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Democratic People's Republic of Korea
The Kimilsungist-Kimjongilist Youth League (Chosŏn'gŭl: 김일성-김정일주의청년동맹) is a North Korean youth organization. It is the main youth organization in North Korea. Directly under the party Central Committee, it is the only mass organization expressly mentioned in the charter of the Workers' Party of Korea.[not verified in body] Youth under 15 may join the Young Pioneer Corps, itself a part of the larger Korean Children's Union.
The League was founded by Kim Il-sung on January 17, 1946 as the Democratic Youth League of North Korea. It became the youth wing of the Workers' Party of North Korea, later the Workers' Party of Korea. It was renamed the Democratic Youth League of Korea and in May 1964 renamed as the League of Socialist Working Youth of Korea. It assumed the name Kim Il-sung Socialist Youth League on its 50th anniversary in 1996.
The 8th congress of the youth league was held in February 1993, after a 12-year lapse since the 7th congress, held in 1981. The last conference was held on 12 July 2012, after ten years since the previous one, held on 21–22 March 2002. The 9th congress has been convened for January 2016, after 23 years since the previous one.
On 4 January 2007, in Pyongyang, Kim Song-chol, the First Secretary of the Pyongyang Municipal People's Committee of the KYSL gave a speech at a mass rally, with other high government officials, praising Songun Korea. During the speech, Kim Song-chol said that the country should bolster "death-defying corps" and create a "youth vanguard faithfully following the Party's Songun politics."
The 47th plenary meeting of the Central Committee of the KSYL was held, in Pyongyang, on 22 March 2012. At the meeting, former First Secretary Ri Yong-chol was relieved of his post due to his age and Jon Yong-nam was elected to the post.
Within the government, the KSYL coordinates the national youth policy of North Korea together with other youth-serving ministries, such as the Ministry of Education. The KSYL plays an important role in the planning, implementation and evaluation of this national youth policy and serves as a national youth platform to link both the governmental and nongovernmental youth-related organizations and activities in this over-all national youth policy. The league is the party’s most important ideological and organizational training ground, with branches and cells wherever there are regular party organizations. "Youth league cells exist in the army, factories, cooperative farms, schools, cultural institutions, and government agencies."
The youth movement shifted its focus after Kim Il-sung's death and expanded its ideological indoctrination to include the "revolutionary accomplishments" of Kim Jong-il and the "brilliance" of Songun.
"The KSYL, by restricting the ideological culture and organized groups of all youths, monitors any changes in the society’s way of thinking that may happen with the change of generations. It also organizes all youths to be actively involved in production, construction, and military service. The KSYL plays the important role of restricting any form of opposition groups or actions among the youth of North Korea", according to Ken E. Gause.
Maintenance of Social Order Brigade
- Ernst Thälmann Pioneer Organisation
- Free German Youth
- Communist Youth League of China
- Red Guards (China)
- Vladimir Lenin All-Union Pioneer Organization
- Lee, Chong-Sik (1982). "Evolution of the Korean Workers' Party and the Rise of Kim Chŏng-il". Asian Survey. 22 (5): 434–448. doi:10.1525/as.1982.22.5.01p0376a. JSTOR 2643871.
- , "The Kim Il Sung Socialist Youth League". Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved April 9, 2007.
- Kim, Chol Jun (6 January 2007). "Pyongyang mass rally vows to bring about a turn in thriving nation building". The Pyongyang Times (News paper). p. 4.
- "Kim Jong-un Beefs Up Security Amid Fear of Unrest". Chosun Ilbo. December 6, 2012. Retrieved 6 December 2012.
- What remains when socialism is removed from North Korea? Daily NK (www.dailynk.com). September 1, 2016. Retrieved on 2016-09-01.
- Gause, Ken E. (2012). "Coercion, Control, Surveillance, and Punishment An Examination of the North Korean Police State" (PDF). The Committee for Human Rights in North Korea. pp. 53,203. ISBN 0-9856480-1-5. LCCN 2012943393. Retrieved 30 May 2014.
- Demick, Barbara (2010). Nothing to Envy: Real Lives in North Korea (UK ed.). Granta Publications. p. 46. ISBN 978-1-84708-141-4.