Kim Jong-pil

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Kim Jong-pil
김종필
1962 Kim Jong-pil.jpg
Kim in 1962
9th Prime Minister of South Korea
In office
June 4, 1971 – December 18, 1975
PresidentPark Chung-hee
Preceded byBaek Du-jin
Succeeded byChoi Kyu-hah
In office
August 18, 1998 – January 12, 2000
PresidentKim Dae-jung
Preceded byGoh Kun
Succeeded byPark Tae-joon
Personal details
Born(1926-01-07)January 7, 1926
Buyeo County, Japanese Korea
DiedJune 23, 2018(2018-06-23) (aged 92)
Seoul, South Korea
Political partyLiberty Korea Party
Other political
affiliations
United Liberal Democrats (1996–2006)
Democratic Republican (1963–1980)
Spouse(s)
Park Young-ok
(m. 1951; died 2015)
Children2
Alma materKorean Military Academy
Military service
Allegiance South Korea
Service/branch Republic of Korea Army
Years of service1949–1961
RankBrigadier General
Korean name
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationGim Jong-pil
McCune–ReischauerKim Chongp'il
Pen name
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationUnjeong
McCune–ReischauerUnjŏng

Kim Jong-pil (Korean pronunciation: [kimdʑoŋpʰil]; January 7, 1926 – June 23, 2018) was a South Korean politician and founder of the Korean Central Intelligence Agency (the KCIA, now the National Intelligence Service), who served as Prime Minister twice, from 1971–1975 during president Park Chung-hee (1961–1979) and from 1998–2000 during president Kim Dae-jung (1998–2002).

Early life[edit]

Kim Jong-pil was born in Buyeo County, Chungcheongnam-do. He was educated as Hwangukshinmin seosa (황국신민서사) education victim of Japanese imperial rule during primary school of 8 years old and onwards. Japanese rule period until 19 years old to be suppressed and forceful military conscription, was made for Korean people to attack America during Pacific War and Second Sino-Japanese War period since 1938. He graduated from the Korea Military Academy in 1949 (KMA class No. 8).He studied in the USA in 1951 and participated in the Korean War as an intelligence officer of the Republic of Korea Army.

Political career[edit]

Kim Jong-pil and Douglas MacArthur (left)

After 4.19 citizen & students uprising against President Rhee dictatorship and illegal poll in 1960, he participated in the May 16 coup led by Major General Park Chung-hee in 1961 and served in several high-profile offices, including Chairman of the ruling Democratic Republican Party during Park's presidency eighteen years until assassination in 1979.

In 1962, he concluded the diplomatic relationship with Japan (한일수교) after Imperial Japanese rule of Korea (1910–1945). Japanese rule of Daeil Cheongoogwon (대일청구권) was used seed money for economic development of Pohang steel and Gyeonbu expressway etc to achieve Han river economic miracle. The poverty of 60 dollars income to 30,000 dollars strong economy of South Korea.

In 1963, he founded the Democratic Republican Party (South Korea) (민주공화당). In 1971 he first served as Prime Minister of South Korea 1971 to 1975. He assumed the same position from 1998 to 2000.

The outline of Kim Jong-pil's posts hardly describes the skill of the politician in navigating the complexities of the South Korean politics. Scholars note that he has mastered the art of the politics of coalition. This is demonstrated in the way he was able to reemerge politically stronger after suffering various political setbacks. For instance, by October 1997, Kim Jong-pil's popularity has fluctuated hovering between 2.9 percent and 4.6 percent and this was attributed to his reputation as a previous coup instigator.[1] This was further aggravated by his conservative party's image problem, which was identified with old politicians who have ethical flaws.

Through clever political maneuvering, however, Kim Jong-pil struck a power-sharing deal with Kim Dae-jung's NCNP party, which allowed him to choose half of the prime ministers (국무총리) 2nd top cabinet members of the Kim Dae-Jung administration as DJP Yenjeong (DJP연정).[2] The deal also included his nomination as acting prime minister in March 1998, then prime minister months later during Kim Daejung president period of 1998–2002.

In 2004, he announced his retirement from politics after his bid for a tenth term in the National Assembly failed and his party, the United Liberal Democrats, was unable to gain a sizable number of seats in the 2004 parliamentary election. The party later merged into Grand National Party.

Scouting[edit]

He served as Korea Scout Association President until June 6, 1969. In 1967 he received the highest distinction of the Scout Association of Japan, the Golden Pheasant Award.[3]

Ancestry[edit]

In a 2001 sentimental letter written to Bhimlendra Mohan Pratap Mishra, a king of erstwhile Ayodhya state with a history of 200 years old, Kim expressed of his March 2001 visit to India "remaining very meaningful to me" as it "fulfilled his desire to visit Ayodhya, a princess of which became the queen of King Suro of Gaya and Heo Hwang-ok. I am the 72nd generation descendant of the King Kim Suro of the Garak Kingdom."[4]

Kim was amongst more than a hundred historians and government representatives, including the North Korean ambassador to India, and an 18-member delegation from South Korea – led by former Gimhae Mayor Song Eun-Bok[5] – composed of prominent industrialists who inaugurated a memorial to their royal ancestor, Queen Hwang Huh on the west bank of the River Sarayu. The monument is built using a three-metre high stone weighing 7,500 kg, specially shipped from South Korea.[6]

Private life[edit]

On 15 February 1951, Kim married Park Young-ok (30 October 1929 – 21 February 2015), who died on 21 February 2015 from Urethral cancer, aged 85. Park was President Park Chung-hee's niece.[7]

Kim died on June 23, 2018, at Shindangdon Northern Seoul at the age of 92. His tomb of Gamyo (가묘 치표) was made at Wuisan Western Buyeo of his hometown along with Park Young-ok, cousin of president Park Chung-hee in 2015. Park Chung-hee 3rd uncle & revered by President Park: Park, Sanghee's daughter recommended by President Park's Joongmae(중매) tradition in South Korea.

His state funeral was held on June 24, 2018.[8]

Quotes[edit]

His words:

Politics are Heoup (허업). The businessman is Suluo ga(실업가), who takes his work fruits. But, Politician is Heop ga(허업가), whose fruit must be given to people. Fruits of politics were given to citizens. If it's taken by politicians, Politicians destiny is jail.

Human being's death is truth. But, Everybody does not prepare their death even though they prepare for winter. (for preparing his tombstone monument inscription after his wife's death in 2015. Contents Soee budap(Just smile, No response) poem in his hometown of Buyeo, The Baekje kingdom capital.

Jawuiban Tawuiban: half my will Half others will.[9][10][11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Oh, Kongdan (2016). Korea Briefing: 1997–1999: Challenges and Changes at the Turn of the Century. London: Routledge. ISBN 9781315291918.
  2. ^ Kim, Youngmi (2011). The Politics of Coalition in Korea: Between Institutions and Culture. London: Routledge. p. 53. ISBN 9780415562157.
  3. ^ reinanzaka-sc.o.oo7.jp/kiroku/documents/20140523-3-kiji-list.pdf
  4. ^ "South Korea's Ayodhya connection" "Archived copy". Archived from the original on August 31, 2009. Retrieved March 11, 2009.
  5. ^ "A Princess from Ayodhya" "Archived copy". Archived from the original on June 25, 2009. Retrieved March 11, 2009.
  6. ^ "South Korea's Ayodhya connection" "Archived copy". Archived from the original on August 31, 2009. Retrieved March 11, 2009.
  7. ^ http://m.Koreatimes.co.Kr/phone/news/view.jsp?req_newsidx=173872
  8. ^ http://m.koreaherald.com/view.php?ud=20180624000207#cb
  9. ^ Former Prime Minister Kim Jong-pil dies
  10. ^ https://www.straitstimes.com/asia/east-asia/former-south-korean-prime-minister-kim-jong-pil-dies
  11. ^ https://news.am/eng/news/458256.html
Preceded by
Baek Du-jin
Prime Minister of South Korea
June 4, 1971–December 18, 1975
Succeeded by
Choi Kyu-ha
Preceded by
Goh Kun
Prime Minister of South Korea
(Acting)

1998
Succeeded by
Kim Jong-pil
Preceded by
Kim Jong-pil
(Acting)
Prime Minister of South Korea
August 18, 1998–January 12, 2000
Succeeded by
Park Tae-Joon