Kim Jong-pil

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For other people named Kim Jong-pil, see Kim Jong-pil (disambiguation).
Not to be confused with Kim Jong-il, former leader of North Korea
This is a Korean name; the family name is Kim.
Kim Jong-pil
Kim Jong-pil 1999.png
Kim in 1999
11th and 32nd Prime Minister of South Korea
In office
June 4, 1971 – December 18, 1975
President Park Chung-hee
Preceded by Baek Du-jin
Succeeded by Choi Kyu-hah
In office
August 18, 1998 – January 12, 2000
President Kim Dae-jung
Preceded by Goh Kun
Succeeded by Park Tae-joon
Personal details
Born (1926-01-07) January 7, 1926 (age 89)
Buyeo County, South Chungcheong, Korea
Political party Saenuri Party
Spouse(s) Park Young-ok
Children 2
Religion Buddhism, latter converted to Protestantism
Military service
Allegiance  South Korea
Service/branch Republic of Korea Army
Rank Second Lieutenant
Kim Jong-pil
Revised Romanization Gim Jong-pil
McCune–Reischauer Kim Chongp'il
Pen name
Revised Romanization Unjeong
McCune–Reischauer Unjŏng

Kim Jong-pil (Korean pronunciation: [kimdʑoŋpʰil]; born January 7, 1926) is a South Korean politician and founder of the Korean Central Intelligence Agency (the KCIA, now the National Intelligence Service), who served as Prime Minister twice, from 1971–1975 and from 1998–2000.


Early life[edit]

Kim Jong-pil was born in Buyeo County, Chungcheongnam-do, and graduated from the Korea Military Academy in 1949 (KMA class No. 8). He participated in the May 16 coup led by Major General Park Chung-hee in 1961 and served in several high-profile offices, including Chairman of the ruling Democratic Republican Party during Park's presidency of eighteen years.

Kim Jong-pil and Douglas MacArthur (left)

Political activity[edit]

In 1963, he founded the Democratic Republican Party (민주공화당). In 1971 he first served as Prime Minister of South Korea 1971 to 1975.


In a 2001 sentimental letter written to Bhimlendra Mohan Pratap Mishra, a king of erstwhile Ayodhya state with a history of 200 years old, Kim expressed of his March 2001 visit to India "remaining very meaningful to me" as it "fulfilled his desire to visit Ayodhya, a princess of which became the queen of King Suro of Gaya and Heo Hwang-ok. I am the 72nd generation descendant of the King Kim Suro of the Karak Kingdom."[1]

Kim was amongst more than a hundred historians and government representatives, including the North Korean ambassador to India, and an 18 member delegation from South Korea – led by former Gimhae Mayor Song Eun-Bok[2] – composed of prominent industrialists who inaugurated a memorial to their royal ancestor, Queen Hwang Huh on the west bank of the River Sarayu. The monument is built using a three-metre high stone weighing 7,500 kg, specially shipped from South Korea.[3]


In 2004, he announced his retirement from politics after his bid for a tenth term in the National Assembly failed and his party, the United Liberal Democrats, was unable to gain a sizable number of seats in the 2004 parliamentary election. The party later merged into Grand National Party.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "South Korea's Ayodhya connection"
  2. ^ "A Princess from Ayodhya"
  3. ^ "South Korea's Ayodhya connection"
Preceded by
Baek Du-jin
Prime Minister of South Korea
Succeeded by
Choi Kyu-ha
Preceded by
Goh Kun
Prime Minister of South Korea

Succeeded by
Kim Jong-pil
Preceded by
Kim Jong-pil
Prime Minister of South Korea
Succeeded by
Park Tae-Joon