Kim Jong-pil

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Kim Jong-pil
Kim Jong-pil 1999.png
Kim in 1999
11th and 32nd Prime Minister of South Korea
In office
June 4, 1971 – December 18, 1975
President Park Chung-hee
Preceded by Baek Du-jin
Succeeded by Choi Kyu-hah
In office
August 18, 1998 – January 12, 2000
President Kim Dae-jung
Preceded by Goh Kun
Succeeded by Park Tae-joon
Personal details
Born (1926-01-07) January 7, 1926 (age 91)
Buyeo County, South Chungcheong, Korea
Political party Liberty Korea Party
Other political
affiliations
United Liberal Democrats (1996 ~ 2006)
Democratic Republican (1963 ~ 1980)
Spouse(s) Park Young-ok (1929–2015)
Children 2
Military service
Allegiance  South Korea
Service/branch  Republic of Korea Army
Rank Lieutenant Colonel
Kim Jong-pil
Hangul
Hanja
Revised Romanization Gim Jong-pil
McCune–Reischauer Kim Chongp'il
Pen name
Hangul
Hanja
Revised Romanization Unjeong
McCune–Reischauer Unjŏng

Kim Jong-pil (Korean pronunciation: [kimdʑoŋpʰil]; born January 7, 1926[1]) is a South Korean politician and founder of the Korean Central Intelligence Agency (the KCIA, now the National Intelligence Service), who served as Prime Minister twice, from 1971–1975 and from 1998–2000.

Life[edit]

Early life[edit]

Kim Jong-pil was born in Buyeo County, Chungcheongnam-do, and graduated from the Korea Military Academy in 1949 (KMA class No. 8). He participated in the May 16 coup led by Major General Park Chung-hee in 1961 and served in several high-profile offices, including Chairman of the ruling Democratic Republican Party during Park's presidency of eighteen years.

Kim Jong-pil and Douglas MacArthur (left)

Political activity[edit]

In 1963, he founded the Democratic Republican Party (민주공화당). In 1971 he first served as Prime Minister of South Korea 1971 to 1975.

Scouting[edit]

He served as Korea Scout Association President until June 6, 1969. In 1967 he received the highest distinction of the Scout Association of Japan, the Golden Pheasant Award.[2]

Ancestry[edit]

In a 2001 sentimental letter written to Bhimlendra Mohan Pratap Mishra, a king of erstwhile Ayodhya state with a history of 200 years old, Kim expressed of his March 2001 visit to India "remaining very meaningful to me" as it "fulfilled his desire to visit Ayodhya, a princess of which became the queen of King Suro of Gaya and Heo Hwang-ok. I am the 72nd generation descendant of the King Kim Suro of the Karak Kingdom."[3]

Kim was amongst more than a hundred historians and government representatives, including the North Korean ambassador to India, and an 18-member delegation from South Korea – led by former Gimhae Mayor Song Eun-Bok[4] – composed of prominent industrialists who inaugurated a memorial to their royal ancestor, Queen Hwang Huh on the west bank of the River Sarayu. The monument is built using a three-metre high stone weighing 7,500 kg, specially shipped from South Korea.[5]

Family[edit]

On 15 February 1951, Kim married Park Young-ok (30 October 1929 – 21 February 2015), who died on 21 February 2015 from Urethral cancer, aged 85.[6]

Retirement[edit]

In 2004, he announced his retirement from politics after his bid for a tenth term in the National Assembly failed and his party, the United Liberal Democrats, was unable to gain a sizable number of seats in the 2004 parliamentary election. The party later merged into Grand National Party.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Preceded by
Baek Du-jin
Prime Minister of South Korea
June 4, 1971–December 18, 1975
Succeeded by
Choi Kyu-ha
Preceded by
Goh Kun
Prime Minister of South Korea
(Acting)

1998
Succeeded by
Kim Jong-pil
Preceded by
Kim Jong-pil
(Acting)
Prime Minister of South Korea
August 18, 1998–January 12, 2000
Succeeded by
Park Tae-Joon