|Revised Romanization||Gim Gideok|
Kim Ki-duk (Hangul: 김기덕 Korean pronunciation: [kimɡidʌk]; born December 20, 1960) is a South Korean filmmaker noted for his idiosyncratic art-house cinematic works. His films have received many distinctions in the festival circuit, making him one of the most important contemporary Asian film directors. Major festival awards include Golden Lion at 69th Venice International Film Festival for Pietà, Silver Lion for Best Director at 61st Venice International Film Festival for 3-Iron, Silver bear for Best Director at 54th Berlin International Film Festival for Samaria and Un Certain Regard prize at 2011 Cannes Film Festival for Arirang. His most widely known feature is Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter... and Spring (2003), included in film critic Roger Ebert's great movies and currently one of seven Asian movies to be listed in 250 top ranking movies on Internet Movie Database. Two of his films served as official submissions for Academy award for best foreign language film as South Korean entries. He has given scripts to several of his former assistant directors including Juhn Jai-hong (Beautiful and Poongsan) and Jang Hoon (Rough Cut).
Life and career
Kim Ki-duk was born on December 20, 1960 in Bonghwa, North Gyeongsang Province, South Korea. He studied fine arts in Paris from 1990 to 1993. After returning to South Korea, Kim began his career as a screenwriter and won the first prize in a scenario contest held by Korean Film Council in 1995. In the following year, Kim made his debut as a director with a low budget movie titled Crocodile (1996). The film received sensational reviews from movie critics in South Korea. His 2000 film Real Fiction was entered into the 23rd Moscow International Film Festival.
In 2004, he received Best Director awards at two different film festivals, for two different films. At the Berlin International Film Festival, he was awarded for Samaritan Girl (2004), and at the Venice Film Festival he won for 3-Iron (also 2004). In 2011, his documentary film Arirang received an award for best film in the Un Certain Regard category from the Cannes Film Festival. In 2012, his film Pieta received the Golden Lion award at the Venice Film Festival, the first Korean film to receive a "best film" honor at one of the top three international film festivals - Venice, Berlin and Cannes.
The British Board of Film Classification delayed the release of Kim Ki-duk's The Isle (2000) in the United Kingdom because of instances of animal cruelty in the film. Concerning scenes in which a frog is skinned alive and fish are mutilated, the director stated, "We cooked all the fish we used in the film and ate them, expressing our appreciation. I've done a lot of cruelty on animals in my films. And I will have a guilty conscience for the rest of my life."
To a U.S. interviewer who suggested that scenes such as these are "very disturbing and [seem] to place an obstacle to the films [sic] reception, or... distribution, to other countries", Kim said, "Yes, I did worry about that fact. But the way I see it, the food that we eat today is no different. In America you eat beef, pork, and kill all these animals. And the people who eat these animals are not concerned with their slaughter. Animals are part of this cycle of consumption. It looks more cruel onscreen, but I don't see the difference. And yes, there's a cultural difference, and maybe Americans will have a problem with it - but if they can just be more sensitive to what is acceptable in different countries I'd hope they wouldn't have too many issues with what's shown on-screen."
|Year||English title||Korean title||Transliterated title|
|Wild Animals||야생동물 보호구역||Yasaeng dongmul bohoguyeog|
|1998||Birdcage Inn||파란 대문||Paran daemun|
|Real Fiction||실제 상황||Shilje sanghwang|
|2001||Address Unknown||수취인불명||Suchwiin bulmyeong|
|Bad Guy||나쁜 남자||Nabbeun namja|
|2002||The Coast Guard||해안선||Haeanseon|
|2003||Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter... and Spring||봄 여름 가을 겨울 그리고 봄||Bom yeoreum gaeul gyeoul geurigo bom|
|2014||One on One||일대일||Il-dae-il|
|N/A||Who Is God|
- Beautiful (2008, writer/producer)
- Rough Cut (2008, writer/producer)
- Secret Reunion (2010, writer - uncredited)
- Poongsan (2011, writer/producer)
- Rough Play (2013, writer/producer)
- Red Family (2013, writer/producer)
- Godsend (2014, writer/producer)
- Silver Bear (Best Director) for Samaritan Girl, Berlin International Film Festival (2004)
- Silver Lion (Best Director) for 3-Iron, Venice Film Festival (2004)
- Un Certain Regard Prize for Arirang, Cannes Film Festival (2011)
- "Award for Future Movies", Küstendorf Film and Music Festival (2012)
- Golden Lion for Pietà, Venice Film Festival (2012)
- The Venice Days Best Film Award, Venice Film Festival (2014)
- List of Korea-related topics
- List of Korean film directors
- Korean cinema
- Contemporary culture of South Korea
- "Profile of Kim Ki-deok" (in Korean). Cine21, The Hankyoreh. Retrieved 2007-11-24.
- "23rd Moscow International Film Festival (2001)". MIFF. Retrieved 2013-03-30.
- Rose, Steve (2004-08-02). "'I've done a lot of cruelty to animals'". London: Guardian Unlimited. Retrieved 2007-11-26.
- McKeague, Andy (2005-05-11). "An Interview with Kim Ki-Duk and Suh Jung on The Isle". Monsters and Critics. Retrieved 2007-11-26.
- "Kim Ki-Duk's MOEBIUS Reportedly First Film Selected For Venice Competition". Retrieved 2013-06-05.
- "Lee Won-geun to star in Kim Ki-duk's "Net" with Ryoo Seung-beom". Retrieved 2016-04-04.
- "China's Film Carnival: 5 Things to Know About Dick Cook's $500M Financier". Retrieved 2016-04-04.
- СВЕЧАНО ОТВАРАЊЕ КУСТЕНДОРФА 2012 (Serbian)
- "KIM Ki-duk ( 김기덕 / 金基悳)". Korean Film Council. Retrieved 2007-11-24.
- Seveon, Julien (2003). "An Interview with Korean Director Kim Ki-duk". Asian Cult Cinema. 38 (1st Quarter): 49–61.
- MARTONOVA, A. (2004) Contemporary Korean cinema - production, tradition and… Kim Ki-Duk. - In: The Plum Blossom. Papers from Korean Studies Conference, Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski”, Centre for Eastern Languages and Cultures, Sofia: Ex-M, p.129 – 151
- MARTONOVA, (2012) A. To feel HAN (Arirang by Kim Ki-duk) // Kino, No.3, Sofia:p.49-47, ISSN 0861-4393 [Да чувстваш ХАН („Ариран” на Ким Ки-док). — Original title in Bulgarian]
- MARTONOVA, A. (2007) The hieroglyph of cinema. Aesthetics and meaning in East Asia movies. Sofia: Panorama Publishing House, 242 pages, ISBN 978 954 9655 31 5 (in Bulgarian)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kim Ki-duk.|
- Kim Ki-duk at the Internet Movie Database
- Kim Ki-Duk: the past, the persistent problems and the near future About Kim Ki-Duk's 2006 controversial declarations
- Review of Kim Ki-duk's Time
- Working Biography