Kimagure Orange Road

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Kimagure Orange Road
Kimagure Orange Road manga volume 1 cover.jpg
Cover of the first tankōbon volume of Kimagure Orange Road.
(Kimagure Orenji Rōdo)
Genre Harem, Romantic comedy, Science fiction
Written by Izumi Matsumoto
Published by Shueisha
English publisher
Digital Manga Guild (digital only)
Demographic Shōnen
Magazine Weekly Shōnen Jump
Original run 19841987
Volumes 18
Anime film
Kimagure Orange Road: Shonen Jump Special
Directed by Osamu Kobayashi
Tomomi Mochizuki
Produced by Minoru Ohno
Written by Kazunori Itō
Music by Ryo Yonemitsu
Studio Studio Pierrot
Released November 23, 1985
Runtime 25 minutes
Anime television series
Directed by Osamu Kobayashi
Produced by Hideo Kawano
Hideo Koono
Reiko Fukakusa
Toru Horikoshi
Written by Sukehiro Tomita (script)
Music by Shirō Sagisu
Studio Toho Animation
Studio Pierrot
Licensed by
Network Nippon Television
Original run April 6, 1987March 7, 1988
Episodes 48 (List of episodes)
Anime film
I Want to Return to That Day
Directed by Tomomi Mochizuki
Produced by Hideo Kawano
Reiko Fukakusa
Music by Shiro Sagisu

Toho Animation
Studio Pierrot

Released October 8, 1988
Runtime 68 minutes
Original video animation
Directed by Akemi Takada
Produced by Haruo Sai
Hideo Kawano
Reiko Fukakusa
Yasushi Shibahara
Written by Isao Shizuya
Kenji Terada
Shikichi Ohashi
Music by Shiro Sagisu
Studio Toho Animation
Studio Pierrot
Licensed by
Released March 1, 1989April 1, 1991
Runtime 25 minutes per episode
Episodes 8 (List of episodes)
Anime film
Shin Kimagure Orange Road: Summer's Beginning
Directed by Kunihiko Yuyama (director)
Tatsuya Ishihara (unit director)
Produced by Kiichirou Yamazaki
Masako Fukuyo
Mitsuru Ohshima
Reiko Fukakusa
Written by Kenji Terada
Music by Yuki Kajiura
Studio Toho Animation
Studio Pierrot
Licensed by
Released November 2, 1996
Runtime 95 minutes
Anime and Manga portal

Kimagure Orange Road (Japanese: きまぐれオレンジ☆ロード Hepburn: Kimagure Orenji Rōdo?) is a Japanese romantic comedy manga series written and illustrated by Izumi Matsumoto. It was serialized in Weekly Shōnen Jump magazine from 1984 to 1987, with the chapters collected into 18 tankōbon volumes by Shueisha.

Following a 1985 film adaptation, Studio Pierrot created an anime television series that was broadcast on Nippon Television from 1987 to 1988. Two more films were released in 1988 and 1996, as well as an original video animation series that began in 1989. In the mid-1990s the series was novelized as well. The manga has been released in English digitally by Digital Manga Guild. The television anime, second film, and original video animation series were all released in North America by AnimEigo, while the third film was licensed by ADV Films.


Kyōsuke Kasuga (春日 恭介 Kasuga Kyōsuke?, voice: Tōru Furuya)
Kyōsuke is the male protagonist in the love triangle. He and his siblings have supernatural powers, referred to in the series as "The Power", and are described as espers in the series. They are forbidden from using their powers in public, lest they be discovered and exploited. In each instance where someone has seen their powers, the family has immediately relocated. Kyōsuke's esper powers include teleportation, telekinesis, and "time-slipping" (a kind of time travel) while falling from heights such as stairs. He can alter mechanical devices such as elevators and traffic lights. He can direct his powers to his ears to amplify his hearing and he has also demonstrated a hypnotism power as evidenced when he hypnotized himself to be more decisive. Kyōsuke is also rarely shown to use his powers to temporarily amplify his speed and strength. On very rare occasions—generally, when Madoka is directly threatened—his power has taken the form of raw energy that can shatter concrete walls or short out every light in a disco. Due to the loose manner that he and his sisters relate to each other it's a running gag early in the manga that many characters consider him a playboy and two-timing since it is believed he is dating Hikaru.[citation needed]
Kyōsuke is a pretty gentle person and a bit of a goody-goody—when he sees Madoka smoking, he scolds her in a very nerdy way (and then uses his powers to destroy her cigarette). It is his indecisiveness that leads to the love triangle with Hikaru and Madoka. He is initially unable to decide between his feelings for Hikaru and Madoka. As the story progresses however, he find himself unable to end the relationship with Hikaru for fear of hurting her feelings and destroying her friendship with Madoka.[citation needed]
Madoka Ayukawa (鮎川 まどか Ayukawa Madoka?, voice: Hiromi Tsuru)
The archetypical "kimagure" (whimsical) character, Madoka is secretly in love with Kyōsuke, and is best friends with Hikaru Hiyama (who is also in love with Kyōsuke). Madoka is described as having an adult allure despite being in junior high school.[citation needed]
When she first meets Kyōsuke, she appears to be a pretty and sweet girl. This, however, is in stark contrast to her personality at school, where she is aloof and feared by both the male and female students as a sukeban or a reputed juvenile delinquent. In the TV series she is nicknamed "Madoka the Pick" due to her ability to wield a guitar pick like a shuriken. Despite her "punk" reputation, Madoka is also shown to excel at various activities both scholarly and athletic. She is able to earn high marks in school and still work part-time at Cafe ABCB (pronounced "ah-ba kah-bu").[citation needed]
Madoka's parents are kind-hearted but workaholic professional musicians often touring outside Japan, so she lives in a large house with her older sister. After her sister gets married and goes to live abroad with her husband, Madoka lives there alone. The story involves the eventual shedding of her tough exterior after she becomes Kyōsuke's friend, as evidenced by the changes in her life after she meets him. She gives up smoking because of him, and in the manga other characters note that she becomes friendlier and does better academically following Kyōsuke's arrival.[citation needed]
As revealed in the last episode of the anime (which occurred near the end of the manga run), Madoka also holds a special place in her heart for a mysterious man whom she met under a tree in the past. Madoka drastically changed her appearance starting 6 years before, after her encounter with present-day time travelling Kyosuke, who in fact was stating his preferences based on the present-day Madoka. In the end, Madoka still did not know that Kyosuke was the mysterious man, but senses a connection to him.[citation needed]
Creator Izumi Matsumoto reports that his inspiration for Madoka was actress Phoebe Cates and Japanese pop singer Akina Nakamori.[1]
Hikaru Hiyama (檜山 ひかる Hiyama Hikaru?, voice: Eriko Hara)
Hikaru is initially presented as being unpleasant, a brawler, and a tougher talker than Madoka. But once she becomes friends with Kyōsuke, it is revealed that she is actually kind, sweet and energetic, as well as very loyal to those she cares for. Hikaru is also somewhat child-like, specially since she is an only daughter and somewhat sheltered; when she gets extremely excited, she sometimes tends to revert to a form of baby talk, which is seen as cute by Japanese standards.
Hikaru is two years younger than Madoka and Kyōsuke, and has the same birthday as Kyōsuke; she also is in the same classroom as Yūsaku Hino and the twins. She has feelings for Kyōsuke, who cares for her but more as a younger sister than a prospect girlfriend, and has been Madoka's best and almost only friend for several years since she and Yūsaku were the only ones who were never afraid of her.
Hikaru befriended Madoka when a bully took away a little Hikaru's favorite medallion, and a pre-teen Madoka witnessed this and stalked the bully until he returned it to Hikaru, sealing the girls' friendship. As for her love of Kyōsuke, she accidentally sees Kyōsuke perform an impressive basketball shot using "The Power" (though it was not obvious that The Power was used), is extremely impressed by such a feat, and she ends up falling for him quite hard. She always refers to him by the English word "Darling" (even before she knew his name).
Manami Kasuga (春日 まなみ Kasuga Manami?, voice: Michie Tomizawa)
One of Kyōsuke's younger sisters, Manami is very reserved. She is depicted as the homemaker of the house—cooking meals, vacuuming and doing laundry—but it is revealed in both the manga and anime that she has a wild side that occasionally needs release. Manami's esper powers include teleportation and telekinesis. Part of her reserved nature includes avoiding excessive use of The Power unless it is absolutely necessary.
In the manga she is especially fond of Madoka and would like to see Kyōsuke and her get together. However this never made it into the anime. As such the anime version shows no such preference, though she and Kurumi at times urge Kyōsuke to choose between Madoka and Hikaru. But even in the manga she is unaware of the situation between Kyōsuke and Madoka.
Kurumi Kasuga (春日 くるみ Kasuga Kurumi?, voice: Chieko Honda)
Manami's younger identical twin, Kurumi is very energetic and argumentative. She is also able to bring these qualities out in Manami as well. She is known to use idioms of her own creation, which can sometimes be misconstrued by others. Kurumi is the most comfortable with using her powers, often doing so without thinking about the consequences. Kurumi used "The Power" to run the 100-meter dash in 3 seconds at her old school, which resulted in the Kasugas moving to the town where the series takes place. Kurumi's other esper powers include teleportation and telekinesis. She also possesses the ability to hypnotize, and Kyōsuke is her usual victim; although Kurumi appeared to learn this from a book, her actual ability is probably derived from "The Power".
In the manga Kurumi wants Kyōsuke to end up with Hikaru. But, again, this storyline never made it into the anime, and the anime Kurumi shows no such preference despite sometimes urging her brother to choose between Hikaru and Madoka.
Takashi Kasuga (春日 隆 Kasuga Takashi?, voice: Kei Tomiyama)
Kyōsuke's father, he works as a photographer and has no esper powers. He and his wife Akemi got together after she secretly helped him fulfill a test of character from her parents, and after her death he has raised the three Kasuga children mostly on his own.
Akemi Kasuga
Kyōsuke and the twins' mother and Takashi Kasuga's wife, she died after giving birth to the twins. The Kasugas' powers come from her side of the family; since Akemi was the Kasugas's only daughter (apparently Akane and Kazuya are the children of her cousins), her husband married into the family so their Kasuga surname survived. After the grandparents asked Takashi for an almost impossible task in the mountains to accept him fully, she secretly used "The Power" to help him win their hearts.
The Kasuga grandparents
Kyōsuke and the twins' maternal grandparents, and the ones that they inherited "The Power" from. They live in the mountains, handling a ski resort. Both of them are psychics as well as very skilled with their abilities, which include teleportation and telekinesis. Their first names are never mentioned. They're very kind-hearted and affectionate fellows, and the Grandfather is somewhat mischievous and lecherous as well.
Master (マスター Masutā?, voice: Yūsaku Yara)
Proprietor of the ABCB cafe located on Orange Road and Madoka's boss. He is one of the few characters who realizes how Madoka and Kyōsuke feel about each other, and does everything in his power to smooth relations between the two. In the manga he shuts down ABCB after it is discovered that Madoka was working there (Japanese middle school students can not hold jobs). In the novels it is revealed that he bounced back by opening one of the first cybercafes in Tokyo.
Seiji Komatsu ((小松 整司 Komatsu Seiji?, voice: Keiichi Nanba) & Kazuya Hatta (八田 一也 Hatta Kazuya?, voice: Naoki Tatsuta)
Kyōsuke's two bumbling sex-obsessed friends. They are also potential boyfriends for the twins, who are most likely using them as placeholders until someone better comes along. Kazuya Hatta is not to be confused with Kazuya Kasuga. Komatsu's first name has also been given as Masashi (most notably in the credits for "An Unexpected Situation"). In the novels, Hatta becomes an aspiring manga author, and Kazuya gets trapped inside of one of his stories and Kyōsuke has to bail him out. By the time of the second film, they have achieved some success publishing girlie magazines.
Kazuya Kasuga (春日 一弥 Kasuga Kazuya?, voice: Chika Sakamoto)
Kyōsuke's younger cousin, Kazuya looks like a younger version of him. On several occasions people have mistaken Kazuya being Kyōsuke's son, and at others their physical similarities have been openly mentioned. Kazuya has "The Power" as well. In both the manga and the anime he uses telepathy almost exclusively, with telekinesis being used on very rare occasions. Kyōsuke and Kazuya can swap bodies by banging their heads together, and many stories with Kazuya involve him doing so either to avoid something unpleasant, or to "help" Kyōsuke pick which female to focus on. In the manga Kazuya has two female friends, and his situation with them somewhat mirrors the situation between Kyōsuke, Madoka, and Hikaru.
Akane Kasuga (春日 あかね Kasuga Akane?, voice: Naoko Matsui)
Kazuya's older sister, and the same age as her cousin Kyōsuke. She is rather tomboyish, and both Komatsu and Hatta are intimidated by her. Akane can use "The Power" to make people see illusions. She has only been seen using this power to make herself appear as different people; it is unknown if she can create other types of illusions. The illusions appear to be both aural and visual. In the manga, this power works only on the person it is directed towards, so it is probably a mixture of telepathy and hypnosis, elements of "The Power" which have been demonstrated in other members of the Kasuga family. In the anime she uses it on both Hatta and Komatsu at the same time.
In the manga she develops a crush on Madoka, to the point of giving Kyosuke a hickey while dreaming about Madoka. This leads to more than a few situations where she creates an illusion of herself as Kyosuke in an attempt to determine just how the two of them feel about each other. Most of these situations end poorly for her and surprisingly, positively for Kyosuke.
In the anime Akane has the same powers that Kyōsuke and the twins have, in addition to her illusion power. It is never indicated if this is true in the manga.
Akane's appearance in the manga and anime are quite different. In the manga she looks like a cross between Kurumi and Manami. In the anime her hair is shorter and darker, her face is more stark, and she has violet eyes. Akane only appeared in two of the OVAs (where she is shown to be rather infatuated with Madoka), and never in the TV series. She appears considerably more often in the manga, almost being a regular.
Yūsaku Hino (火野 勇作 Hino Yūsaku?, voice: Masami Kikuchi)
Yūsaku initially appeared early in the series as a potential rival of Kyōsuke for Hikaru's affections, having harbored feelings for her since childhood. He asked her to marry him one day and she jokingly said she would if he became stronger and self assured. This sent him on the path of practicing karate for years. He views Kyōsuke as a womanizer on top of being a rival for Hikaru's love. Unfortunately for his romantic situation, he tends to get nervous and unable to speak in Hikaru's presence. As a result, she is mostly oblivious to his feelings, though she becomes very annoyed when Yūsaku becomes too pushy for her tastes.
Sayuri Hirose
Sayuri is an extremely cute girl who only appears in the manga, and whose seemingly innocent and pure demeanor hides a devious mind obsessed with breaking as many male hearts as possible. She carries a book where she tracks the various males that she has left heartbroken. At her first meeting with Kyōsuke, he leaves her to walk to class with Madoka. Because of this she becomes obsessed with both of them, and comes up with various schemes to wreck their relationship. Most of her schemes involve bragging to Madoka that she's going to steal Kyōsuke, and then playing the role of the damsel in distress toward the kindhearted Kyōsuke. Fortunately, the schemes invariably backfire—often quite spectacularly.
Because she first saw Kyōsuke with Madoka, Sayuri assumes that the two are dating. Although Sayuri sees Kyōsuke on one occasion with Hikaru, there is no indication that she ever realizes that Hikaru is the one publicly acknowledged as Kyōsuke's girlfriend. This makes her pivotal in the manga, as she is the one who tells Hikaru about the relationship between Kyōsuke and Madoka, forcing the events that occur at the end of the manga.[citation needed]
Hiromi only appeared in the manga. She was Kyōsuke's classmate at his previous school, and transferred to Kōryō about halfway through the manga's run. She enjoys messing with Kyōsuke's head, and neither the reader nor Kyōsuke is sure if Hiromi knows about "The Power".[citation needed]
Ushiko and Umao (牛子 and 馬男 Ushiko and Umao?, voice: Katsumi Suzuki and Chisato Nakajima)
Ushiko and Umao are a newlywed couple that serve as one of the primary running gags in the TV series. Their appearance in an episode generally consists of them saying the same romantic lines to one another, followed by a chaotic event involving Kyōsuke or other primary characters, sometimes in the most ludicrous places. In the movie Kimagure Orange Road: I Want to Return to that Day, their appearance is limited to Umao, who appears on television holding a crying baby and begging for Ushiko to return to him.[citation needed]
Ushiko and Umao's names are references to farm animals. "Ushi" is the Japanese word for "cow," and "uma" means "horse."[citation needed]
Jingoro (ジンゴロ Jingoro?, voice: Kenichi Ogata)
Jingoro is the Kasugas' pet cat in the anime. He does not appear in the manga. Jingoro gets his name from the Edo-period wood sculptor Hidari Jingorō, who is thought to have carved the famous Sleeping Cat sculpture at the Nikkō Tōshō-gū. Jingoro is often the victim of Manami and Kurumi's abuse of "The Power." Because of this, he often attempts to flee the Kasuga household.[citation needed]



The Kimagure Orange Road manga was written and illustrated by Izumi Matsumoto and serialized in Shueisha's Weekly Shōnen Jump between 1984 and 1987. In March 2013, Hivelinx released the manga first volume in English as an e-book for NTT Solmare's Facebook app "ComicFriends," and for Amazon Kindle and Apple iBooks.[2] In March 2014, Digital Manga Guild acquired its rights and released the series through its eManga website.[3] The series was expanded to 20 volumes for the English release.[4]


Kimagure Orange Road was adapted into an anime series broadcast on Nippon Television, animated by Studio Pierrot and directed by veteran animator Osamu Kobayashi with character designs by Akemi Takada and scripts by Kenji Terada, with Narumi Kakinouchi adding design work to the anime, as well as the opening and ending credits for episodes 1–8.

Animeigo licensed the 1st movie and OVA series for North America on VHS and Laserdisc in 1993/1994. A subtitled Laserdisc of the TV series release was published in 1998.[5]

On February 1, 2002, a complete box set was released on DVD with updated and 'improved' translations from the earlier VHS and LD releases. However, the company's decision to remove the opening and ending songs from each episode on the DVD release was heavily criticized by fans, forcing AnimeEigo to release a public apology and a promise that they would correct their mistake once their initial press of the 'flawed' DVDs were depleted. After a lengthy remastering process, the company made good on their promise and gave buyers the option of mailing in their original DVDs to receive a version that had the themes intact, free of charge. AnimEigo's translations were not legally available outside of North America, and their license for the TV series and OVAs expired 10 years after the initial licensing, in July and August 2006 respectively.

On June 5, 2001, AD Vision announced their acquisition of the second movie, set for DVD release on August 21, 2001. However, this movie went out of print in 2009 after ADV's shutdown, since its license was not transferred to Section23 Films. The second movie remains the only piece of the animated series that has been dubbed into English.

In the UK, only the OVA series and first movie were released on VHS by MVM Films, subsequently receiving low sales likely due to the absence of the television series. (Clements & McCarthy 2001:359)


Composed for the most part by Shirō Sagisu.

TV Anime

Opening themes
# Transcription/Translation Performed by Episodes
1 Night of Summer Side Masanori Ikeda 1-19
2 Orange Mystery (オレンジ・ミステリー?) Nagashima Hideyuki 20-36
3 Kagami no Naka no Actress (鏡の中のアクトレス?)

(Actress in the Mirror)

Nakahara Meiko 37-48
Ending themes
# Transcription/Translation Performed by Episodes
1 Natsu no Mirage (夏のミラージュ?)

(Summer Mirage)

Wada Kanako 1-19
2 Kanashii Heart wa Moete-iru (悲しいハートは燃えている?)

(Sad Heart Burning)

Wada Kanako 20-36
3 Dance in the Memories (ダンス・イン・ザ・メモリーズ?) Nakahara Meiko 37-48

OVA: "White Lovers" (1), "Hawaiian Suspense" (2), "I was a cat, I was a fish" (3), "Hurricane Akane" (4), "Stage of Love = Heart on Fire (Spring is for idol)" (5), "Stage of Love = Heart on Fire (Birth of a star!)" (6), "Unexpected Situation" (7), "Message in Rouge" (8)

Opening themes
# Transcription/Translation Performed by Episodes
1 Kagami no Naka no Actress (鏡の中のアクトレス?)

(Actress in the Mirror)

Nakahara Meiko 1-2
2 Choose Me (チューズ・ミー?) Tsubokura Yuiko 3-8
Ending themes
# Transcription/Translation Performed by Episodes
1 Dance in the Memories (ダンス・イン・ザ・メモリーズ?) Nakahara Meiko 1-2
2 Tokidoki Blue (ときどきBlue?)

(Sometimes Blue)

Tachibana Yuka 3-6
3 Mou Hitotsu no Yesterday (もうひとつのイエスタデイ?)

(One More Yesterday)

Wada Kanako 7-8

Kimagure Orange Road Movie~ I Want to Return to that Day

Insert Songs
# Transcription/Translation Performed by Episodes
Futashika na I LOVE YOU (不確かなI LOVE YOU?)

(An Uncertain 'I LOVE YOU')

Wada Kanako All
Tori no you ni (鳥のように?)

(Like a Bird)

Wada Kanako All
Ending themes
# Transcription/Translation Performed by Episodes
Ano Sora wo Dakishimete (あの空を抱きしめて?)

(Embrace That Sky)

Wada Kanako All

New Kimagure Orange Road Movie ~ And, The Beginning of that Summer

Opening themes
# Transcription/Translation Performed by Episodes
Ending themes
# Transcription/Translation Performed by Episodes
Day Dream ~Soba ni Iruyo

(Day Dream ~I'm at Your Side)

Agua All


The manga has sold over 20 million copies.[6]

According to manga critic Jason Thompson this series was the "THE archetypal shonen rom[antic]-com[edy]" and the first that had significant popularity; according to Thompson it was very popular in the 1980s and early 1990s. He also called Madoka as the root of the tsundere archetype.[7] In a manga review for Otaku USA, Che Gilson described Kimagure Orange Road as "an enjoyable and classic manga".[8]

Anime News Network gave positive reviews for both the TV series and I Want to Return to That Day movie.[9][10] THEM Anime Reviews gave the TV series a rating of 5 out of 5.[11]


  1. ^ KOR TV (liner), Anime igo .
  2. ^ "Kimagure Orange Road Manga Posted in English on Kindle". Anime News Network. March 1, 2013. Retrieved November 19, 2014. 
  3. ^ "Digital Manga Adds Sweet Blue Flowers, Kimagure Orange Road, Asobi ni Ikuyo! on eManga". Anime News Network. March 27, 2014. Retrieved November 19, 2014. 
  4. ^
  5. ^ "Animerica" 1 (4). Viz Media. June 1993: 18. ISSN 1067-0831. 
  6. ^ "Top Manga Properties in 2008 - Rankings and Circulation Data". Comipress. 2008-12-31. Retrieved 2013-11-28. 
  7. ^ Thompson, Jason. "Kimagure Orange Road" (Archive). Anime News Network. September 11, 2014. Retrieved on September 15, 2014.
  8. ^ Gilson, Che (3 December 2014). "Manga Review: Kimagure Orange Road". Otaku USA. Sovereign Media. Archived from the original on 29 December 2014. Retrieved 8 November 2015. 
  9. ^ Shepard, Chris (January 10, 2002). "Kimagure Orange Road (TV)". Anime News Network. Retrieved September 8, 2014. 
  10. ^ Santos, Carlos (September 29, 2004). "Kimagure Orange Road: The Movie". Anime News Network. Retrieved September 8, 2014. 
  11. ^ Ross, Christina. "Kimagure Orange Road". THEM Anime Reviews. Archived from the original on 7 October 2003. Retrieved 8 November 2015. 

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