Kimberley, Nottinghamshire

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Kimberley
Kimberley War Memorial, Nottinghamshire.JPG
Kimberley War Memorial
Kimberley is located in Nottinghamshire
Kimberley
Kimberley
Kimberley shown within Nottinghamshire
Population6,659 (Cossall and Kimberley ward. 2011)
OS grid referenceSK 49995 44696
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townNOTTINGHAM
Postcode districtNG16
Dialling code0115
PoliceNottinghamshire
FireNottinghamshire
AmbulanceEast Midlands
EU ParliamentEast Midlands
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Nottinghamshire
52°59′49″N 1°15′18″W / 52.99694°N 1.25500°W / 52.99694; -1.25500Coordinates: 52°59′49″N 1°15′18″W / 52.99694°N 1.25500°W / 52.99694; -1.25500

Kimberley is a town and civil parish in Nottinghamshire, England, lying 6 miles northwest of Nottingham along the A610. The town grew as a centre for coal mining, brewing and hosiery manufacturing. Together with the neighbouring villages of Giltbrook, Greasley and Swingate it has a population of around 6,500 people. At the 2011 Census the appropriate ward was Cossall and Kimberley. This had a population of 6,659.[1] There has been no mining or hosiery manufacturing in the town for many years and the local brewery was sold and closed at the end of 2006. However as of 2017 it has a retail park centre, which includes a local newsagent, a wine shop, a pharmacy, as well as big national chains like Greggs bakery and a Sainsburys superstore.

History[edit]

Kimberley is referred to as Chinemarelie in William the Conqueror's Domesday Book. With the accession of William to the throne Kimberley came into the possession of William de Peveril.[2] The Peverils lost control when they supported the losing side in the civil war which preceded the accession of Henry II of England in 1154. The King became the owner of the land. King John of England granted land in the area to Ralph de Greasley in 1212 who took up residence at Greasley Castle and also at around this time to Henry de Grey whose son re-built Codnor Castle on the site of an earlier castle established by William Peveril.[3]

Ralph de Greasley's land passed by inheritance and marriage to Nicholas de Cantelupe who took part in Edward III of England's Scottish campaigns and also the Battle of Crécy. Nicholas founded Beauvale Priory using part of his Kimberley holding in 1343. That part of Kimberley which had become the property of Beauvale Priory was claimed by King Henry VIII during the Dissolution of the Monasteries in the 16th century.[3]

The Priory's land was redistributed by the King and came into the possession of Arthur Capell, 1st Baron Capell of Hadham again by inheritance and marriage in 1627. Arthur was beheaded in 1649 having fought for the Royalists in the English Civil War. Arthur's son was created Earl of Essex in 1661.[3]

In 1753 the land was purchased by Sir Matthew Lamb whose grandson William Lamb became Prime Minister in 1834. The Lamb's Kimberley estates passed by marriage to the 5th Earl Cowper in 1805 and on the death of the 7th Earl in 1913 were sold off in pieces.[3]

That part of Kimberley retained by the Cantelupe's passed by inheritance and marriage to John Lord Zouch who died at the Battle of Bosworth with Richard III in 1485. He was posthumously found guilty of high treason with his property forfeited to Henry VII. John Savage (-1491) received this part of Kimberley in gratitude for his efforts on behalf of Henry VII at Bosworth. The Savage family sold this land to the Earl of Rutland in the early 17th century. The Duke of Rutland's Kimberley estates were sold in parcels in the early 19th century.[3]

Industry[edit]

Kimberley has been home to a lot of industry including: coal mining, brewing and hosiery manufacturing.

All major industry in kimberley has stopped, the last being Kimberley Brewery which ceased brewing in Dec 2006. Most businesses are now retail based concerns.

Kimberley today[edit]

One of Kimberley's most notable structures is its unusual war memorial, in the form of a rotunda which is used as the emblem of Kimberley School. This secondary school has a catchment area which extends into the neighbouring areas of Nuthall, Eastwood, Watnall, and Hempshill Vale.

Kimberley Chapel of Rest on Knowle Hill

On the South side of Kimberley lies Swingate, which has many different walking and cycling routes into the woods and surrounding countryside.

The twin towns of Kimberley are Échirolles in France and Grugliasco in Italy.[4]

Kimberley Brewery was taken over by Greene King in 2006, another major brewer in a multimillion-pound deal which marked the end of the traditional Kimberley Ales as ale brewing ceased shortly afterwards and only a distribution centre remained there.

The former Kimberley Brewery site has within its boundaries a geological Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI). It is listed under the title of "Kimberley Railway Cutting"[5] as an important location for Permian Gymnosperm fossils. The Permian - Carboniferous unconformity can be found in the Kimberley Railway Cutting.

Since 1974, Kimberley forms part of the borough of Broxtowe. From 1894 to 1974 it was part of Basford Rural District Council area.

Recently[when?] there has been speculation that the Nottingham Express Tram (NET) want to extend their Phoenix Park tram stop into Kimberley towards Giltbrook Retail Park[6]

Famous residents[edit]

Sport[edit]

Kimberley's distinctive water tower

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Broxtowe ward population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 11 April 2016.
  2. ^ Domesday Book: A Complete Transliteration. London: Penguin, 2003. ISBN 0-14-143994-7 p.772
  3. ^ a b c d e Lee, J.M. A Brief History of Kimberley.
  4. ^ "Twin Towns". Archived from the original on 24 June 2007.
  5. ^ "Kimberley Railway Cutting".
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 12 January 2015.
  7. ^ "John Reynolds".
  8. ^ "Richard Bolitho".

Further reading[edit]

  • Domesday Book: A Complete Transliteration. London: Penguin. 2003. ISBN 0-14-143994-7.
  • Ottewell, David (2001). Old Kimberley. Stenlake Publishing. ISBN 1-84033-155-0.
  • Lee, John.M. (2001). A Brief History of Kimberley (First ed.).
  • Plumb, Arthur (1993). Kimberley in old picture postcards. European Library. ISBN 90-288-4669-7.

External links[edit]