||This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (October 2010)|
|Motto||Spes Durat Avorum (Latin: "Let the hopes of our forefathers endure")|
|Established||1600 (Earliest references from 1531)|
|Head Master||Jonathan Belbin|
|Deputy Head Master||Mark Eddon|
|Founders||Henry Balye and William Dawson|
|DfE URN||110925 Tables|
|Houses||Four in the Preparatory School, and five in the Senior School - Ingrams for I and II forms, then split up into Dawsons, Balyes, Gibbards and Owens from the III Form to the UVI Form.|
Purple, White and Black
|Former pupils||Old Kimboltonians/OKs|
Kimbolton School is a British HMC co-educational independent day and boarding school in the village of Kimbolton, in rural Huntingdonshire in Cambridgeshire, educating approximately 950 boys and girls between the ages of 4 and 18, with boarding starting at age 11. The school is in Kimbolton Castle, the former seat of the Dukes of Manchester.
- 1 History
- 2 List of Headmasters
- 3 Teaching Buildings
- 4 Houses
- 5 Uniform
- 6 Extra Curricular
- 7 Old Kimboltonians
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Kimbolton School has had a strong role within the village of Kimbolton since it was founded in the 16th century. The school originally occupied buildings within the Churchyard, but moved to new premises in Tilbrook Road in the late 1800s.
Kimbolton Castle is reported by school legend to be haunted by Catherine of Aragon, who died there in 1536 after several years of imprisonment. It is rumoured that her ghost walks on the original floor levels which have been altered in modern times, such that her ghost appears as legs and lower body projecting from the ceiling on one floor with head and upper body gliding along the floor above. Another former inhabitant of the Castle, Sir John Popham, reputedly threw his baby child out of a castle window into the courtyard. It is said[by whom?] that the stone upon which the baby landed glows red annually on the anniversary of this event. A third ghostly legend of similarly dubious provenance describes a female spectre periodically walking in a field north-east of the castle, on the gentle slope below Warren House.
Charles Edward Montagu, the 4th Earl who was created Duke of Manchester in 1719, had many works of reconstruction carried out between 1690 and 1720. Sir John Vanbrugh and his assistant Nicholas Hawksmoor redesigned the facades of the castle in a classical style, but with battlements to evoke its history as a castle; the portico was later added by Alessandro Galilei. The Venetian painter Giovanni Antonio Pellegrini redecorated some of the reconstructed rooms in 1708, including the main staircase and the chapel. Rich, gilded furnishings in a Louis XIV-inspired style were commissioned from French upholsterers working in London.
Robert Adam produced plans for the castle gatehouse and other garden buildings, including an orangery.[when?] Only one of these buildings, the gatehouse, was constructed in around 1764. Mews buildings were added to provide stables, and an avenue of Giant Sequoias was planted in the 19th century.
The Senior School is based in the grounds of Kimbolton Castle, and its Preparatory School is based at the other end of the village, but is connected to the senior school via 'The Duchess Walk', a tree-lined pathway. The grounds total over 190 acres (77 ha). The school is the successor to the village grammar school; although there are references to a school at Kimbolton as early as 1531, the generally accepted date for the foundation is 1600. In 1949 it was renamed from Kimbolton Grammar School to Kimbolton School, and the following year it bought the Castle from the Duke of Manchester.
The School's Latin motto is Spes Durat Avorum (may the hope of our forefathers endure).
List of Headmasters
The school has a tradition of headmasters staying for a long time. William Ingram (after whom the junior house is now named) 1913-47, Cyril Lewis (who oversaw the movement of the school to the Castle and the theatre was named after him) 1947-73, David Donaldson (after whom the Science block is named and who first admitted girls to the school) 1973-87, Roger Peel (after whom the sports hall is named) 1987-2002 and the current headmaster Jonathan Belbin, 2002 onwards.
- 1603-1607 Edward Crunkhorn
- 1607-1611 James Johnson
- 1611-1635 John Anderson
- 1635-1653 William Rugby
- 1653-1664 Samuel Bird
- 1664-1678 Samuel Taylor
- 1678-1681 William Wildgoose
- 1681-1686 John Gardiner
- 1686-1701 Mr Trott
- 1701-1703 Valentine Paul
- 1703-1739 Nathaniel Cronkshaw
- 1739-1740 Rev. Master William Wheeler
- 1740-1778 Rev. Dr. John Owen
- 1778-1826 Rev. John Thompson
- 1826-1842 Rev. John Bligh
- 1842-1847 Rev. James Taylor
- 1847-1854 Rev. John Thornton
- 1854-1865 Rev. Robert Lancaster Watson
- 1865-1874 Rev. William Ager
- 1875-1876 School closed for rebuilding
- 1877-1884 Rev. Robert Kater Vinter
- 1884-1891 Rev. Edward Ulyat
- 1891-1913 Rev. Arther Gosset Bibby
- 1913-1947 William Ingram
- 1947-1973 Cyril Lewis MBE
- 1973-1987 David Donaldson
- 1987-2002 Roger Peel
- 2002–Present Jonathan Belbin
The Vanbrugh Library
The Vanbrugh Library at the Senior School holds over 12,000 books, DVDs and periodicals. It also houses a suite of 22 PCs. The award-winning library is modern and popular and well-used. It is open throughout the day for Sixth Form private study, class use and individual research. At other times, pupils may use the library to study, work on homework or projects, choose resources or relax and read. The school's online library programme encourages pupils to make the most of their library and of the wider world of information through a structured approach to the teaching of information skills.
Regular visits from authors provide workshops for pupils of all ages. Such activities serve as a catalyst for creativity and help to inspire pupils to further explore the world of literature.
The castle was bought by Henry Montagu, 1st Earl of Manchester, in 1615. His descendants owned the castle for 335 years until it was sold in 1950.
Charles Edward Montagu, the 4th Earl, who was created 1st Duke of Manchester in 1719, had many works of reconstruction carried out between 1690 and 1720. Sir John Vanbrugh and his assistant Nicholas Hawksmoor redesigned the facades of the castle in a classical style, but with battlements to evoke its history as a castle, the portico was later added by Alessandro Galilei. The Venetian painter Giovanni Antonio Pellegrini redecorated some of the reconstructed rooms in 1708, including the main staircase, now called the Pellegrini Staircase, and the chapel. Rich gilded furnishings in a Louis XIV-inspired style were commissioned from French upholsterers working in London.
For a later duke, Robert Adam produced plans for the castle gatehouse and other garden buildings, including an orangery. Only one of these buildings, the gatehouse, was constructed, in around 1764. Mews buildings were added to provide stables, and an avenue of giant sequoias was planted in the 19th century.
The castle was used by the Royal Army Medical Corps during World War II, and the 10th Duke of Manchester sold the castle to the school in 1950. The furnishings were scattered in sales and some have come to national collections. There is limited public opening during the school holidays and at weekends.
The castle is mostly used for 4th, 5th and 6th form teaching, and social and public events. It is also often used for weddings and other functions and is used as a television/film location from time to time. Teaching and other activities take place in outlying buildings, including the castle's mews block and newer buildings.
There are around 627 male and female students in the senior school (ages 11 to 18), in four Houses, named after the two founders and two previous teachers at the school: Balyes, Dawsons (which includes the 60 boarders), Gibbards, and Owens. A second house for boarders, Ingrams, was merged with Dawsons in the 1980s, and was reborn as a separate house for all I Form and II Form pupils. These move into the senior houses at the start of the III Form. Ingrams compete in a separate house competition between classes, although they have many of the same events as the senior house competition. There are around 320 pupils in the Preparatory School (ages 4 to 11), in four houses named after the families that owned the castle: Fitzpiers, Montagu, Stafford and Wingfield.
|Balyes||Senior School - III Form to UVI form. Named after one of the founders of the School, Henry Balye.|
|Dawsons||Senior School - III Form to UVI form. Named after one of the founders of the School, William Dawson. The house is typically dominated by members of the two boarding houses on the high street.|
|Gibbards||Senior School - III Form to UVI form. Named after a former Master of the School. The House motto is Cave Viridus Draconem.|
|Owens||Senior School - III Form to UVI form. Named after a former Master at the School. The house mascot being a Phoenix, which is represented on the House flag.|
|Ingrams||Senior School - The first two Forms, I and II Forms. Named after a former headmaster, William Ingram.|
|Fitzpiers||Preparatory School - Named after one of the original owners of the Castle, Geoffrey Fitz Peter, the then Earl of Essex, during the 1200s.|
|Montagu||Preparatory School - Named after Henry Montagu. Owner of the Castle in the 17th Century.|
|Stafford||Preparatory School - Named after one of the original owners of the Castle, Ann Stafford, widow of the Duke of Buckingham, in the mid-15th century.|
|Wingfield||Preparatory School - Named after the Wingfield family, most notably Edward Maria Wingfield, owners of the Castle in the 16th Century.|
The boarding houses are on Kimbolton village's historic and beautiful High Street and back onto the school grounds. The boys live in Kimbolton House and the girls are a few doors further along in White House. Both houses have a rich history and are full of character yet have modern facilities.
There is a team of boarding staff in each house who are always on hand to provide help and guidance. The Health Centre provides medical back-up while the catering staff produce interesting, nutritional meals throughout the week. All of the boarders eat together in the recently refurbished Dining Hall.
Kimbolton School's distinctive uniform starts with the solid purple blazers worn by pupils in the Preparatory School. When pupils have moved into the Senior School they wear the unique black, purple and white striped blazer from the first to fifth forms. Pupils in the VI Form are required to wear suits, with Upper Sixth form pupils permitted to wear coloured jumpers, and for male pupils, coloured ties.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (October 2010)|
The main sports are football, hockey, netball, tennis, rounders and cricket. The school competes regularly against other public schools.
The Prep School houses a modernised gymnasium, tennis courts, cricket nets, cricket pavilion and changing facilities. There is also a modern sports centre at the Senior School. There is a 25m swimming pool (opened in June 2000) where the teaching scheme has been recognised as a centre of excellence. There are a large number of outdoor facilities.
Games lessons take place every afternoon , with each year participating in either one or two sessions.
Yearly foreign sports tours are undertaken such as netball and cricket tours to South Africa and Sri Lanka, as well as hockey and football tours to Malaysia, Australia and the Lake District.
Kimbolton currently holds Approved Training Centre Status from the Institute of Qualified Lifeguards. ATC status was devised to ensure the British Public is aware which swimming pools adhere to the strict IQL lifeguard training guidelines.
In August 2011 Kimbolton was awarded 1% at an external Approved Training Centre inspection for its training of lifeguards.
The ATC certificate was first awarded to the pool in 2000. The pool is undergoes regular inspection to ensure it is maintaining strict standards of lifeguard training.
Combined Cadet Force
The school has a Combined Cadet Force (CCF) Contingent made up of Navy, Army and RAF sections. It was named in 2010 by Country Life Magazine as one of the top three in the country. On average, at least 2 members of each year group go on to join one of the British Armed Forces; the school has a long-standing tradition of inviting one of these Old Kimboltonians back to the take the salute on Remembrance Sunday each year as the Contingent marches through Kimbolton. Over 220 pupils opt to participate in CCF training each Thursday afternoon and many also join in with the extra courses and activities at weekends and during the holidays. Each year, all of cadets participate in Field Weekend, a 3-day training period at a local military or adventure training site.[who?] also offer places at week-long Single Service residential camps during some of the holidays.
Members of the CCF are able to participate in Ministry of Defence run cadet courses including leadership, parachuting, first aid and scuba diving. Thursday afternoon training taking place on the school's campus takes advantage of its location close to Grafham Water for RN sailing, RAF Wyton for flying and its onsite range for target shooting.
The Annual General Inspection is a highlight of the year, attracting much national attention and many honourable reviewing officers including HRH The Duke of Gloucester in 2011. General Sir John McColl declared the[which?] whole day "a triumph" and noted that few cadet units could have put on such a fantastic display in such stunning surroundings.
The Royal Air Force is one of the three sections of the Kimbolton School contingent. It has consistently been ranked as one of the best in the country in all disciplines. Competing in the Air Squadron Trophy, the Kimbolton CCF(RAF) team have won the regional finals for the last four years and the national finals for the last two years.
The School has a fleet of boats at nearby Grafham Water available to pupils. All Senior School pupils are encouraged to 'have a go' at sailing or canoeing, or both. Each year, a number of canoeists tackle the Devizes to Westminster 125 mile challenge. At the Prep School, pupils are introduced to outdoor pursuits on adventure weekends.
The Music School is accommodated in the Mews Quad and provides teaching, rehearsal, ICT and recording facilities. Almost half of students choose to learn an instrument or have singing lessons.
There are several ensembles and choirs, either directed by staff or driven by pupils themselves. There are various performance opportunities, staged productions and concert performances.
The Old Kimboltonians' Association (OKA) provides a link with former students of the School through social events, sports fixtures and annual reunions.
Notable Old Kimboltonians
- Christopher Curry, founder of Acorn Computers
- William Giles, Colonial Manager of the South Australian Company (1840–1861)
- Peter Jones, BBC Sport radio commentator and master at the school
- Mark Lancaster, Conservative MP for North East Milton Keynes since 2005
- Louise Brealey, actor
- Clive Mantle, actor
- Richard Trench, 2nd Earl of Clancarty, member of the British delegation to the Congress of Vienna
- Dr Simon Thurley, historian, Chief Executive of English Heritage
- Waldo Williams leading Welsh poet and master at the school
- Martin Yates, conductor
- Henry Peacham, a writer, was an assistant master at the school in the early 17th century
- Lieutenant Dennis Arthur Copperwheat George Cross recipient
- Jonathan Kydd (academic)
- Raymond Lewin George Cross recipient
- Edward Maria Wingfield, English colonist of America and later Governor of the school.
- Simon Price
- Elizabeth Hageman, Katherine Conway, Resurrecting Elizabeth I in Seventeenth-century England (2007), p. 73
- ISBI page for Kimbolton School
- ISI report for Kimbolton School (2005 inspection)
- DFES page
- Stratford, John (2000), From Churchyard to Castle, ISBN 0-9537753-0-5