Kimchaek

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This article is about a city in North Korea. For the general, see Kim Chaek.
"Seongjin" redirects here. For the given name (and a list of people with the name), see Sung-jin.

Coordinates: 40°40′2″N 129°12′2″E / 40.66722°N 129.20056°E / 40.66722; 129.20056

Kimchaek
김책시
Municipal City
Korean transcription(s)
 • Chosŏn'gŭl
 • Hancha
 • McCune-Reischauer Kimch'aek si
 • Revised Romanization Gimchaek-si
Country North Korea
Province North Hamgyong Province

Kimch'aek, formerly Sŏngjin (Chosŏn'gŭl: 성진, Hancha: 城津), is a city in North Hamgyong Province, North Korea. It was an open port in 1899.[1] It has a population of 196,000. The city received its current name in 1951 during the Korean War, in honor of the Korean People's Army (KPA) general, Kim Chaek.[1] It was known as "Shirotsu" during Japanese rule between 1910 and 1945.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Kimchaek
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 14.0
(57.2)
16.7
(62.1)
27.8
(82)
35.2
(95.4)
34.0
(93.2)
34.3
(93.7)
37.0
(98.6)
36.6
(97.9)
32.9
(91.2)
30.2
(86.4)
23.7
(74.7)
17.8
(64)
37.0
(98.6)
Average high °C (°F) −0.3
(31.5)
1.0
(33.8)
5.5
(41.9)
12.1
(53.8)
16.3
(61.3)
19.6
(67.3)
23.9
(75)
25.9
(78.6)
22.7
(72.9)
17.2
(63)
9.2
(48.6)
2.3
(36.1)
13.0
(55.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) −5.3
(22.5)
−3.8
(25.2)
0.9
(33.6)
7.0
(44.6)
11.8
(53.2)
15.5
(59.9)
20.1
(68.2)
22.1
(71.8)
17.8
(64)
11.8
(53.2)
4.6
(40.3)
−2.2
(28)
8.4
(47.1)
Average low °C (°F) −10.4
(13.3)
−8.7
(16.3)
−3.3
(26.1)
2.6
(36.7)
7.4
(45.3)
12.4
(54.3)
17.5
(63.5)
19.2
(66.6)
13.7
(56.7)
7.1
(44.8)
−0.3
(31.5)
−7.3
(18.9)
4.2
(39.6)
Record low °C (°F) −26.0
(−14.8)
−20.0
(−4)
−15.0
(5)
−7.1
(19.2)
−0.5
(31.1)
1.0
(33.8)
9.0
(48.2)
10.6
(51.1)
2.8
(37)
−4.0
(24.8)
−16.6
(2.1)
−25.1
(−13.2)
−26.0
(−14.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 19.4
(0.764)
16.8
(0.661)
23.8
(0.937)
37.4
(1.472)
51.5
(2.028)
72.5
(2.854)
120.2
(4.732)
166.6
(6.559)
83.6
(3.291)
42.1
(1.657)
34.0
(1.339)
29.7
(1.169)
697.6
(27.465)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 5 3 3 4 7 7 8 9 6 4 5 5 65
Average relative humidity (%) 63 64 65 70 78 86 88 85 77 70 64 60 72
Mean monthly sunshine hours 173 197 231 225 222 141 141 173 207 218 172 161 2,261
Source #1: Deutscher Wetterdienst (sun, 1961–1990)[2][3][a]
Source #2: Meteo Climat (extremes, 1906–present)[4]

Administrative Divisions[edit]

Kimch'aek-si is divided into 22 tong (neighbourhoods) and 22 ri (villages):

  • Changhyŏn-dong
  • Chegang 1-dong
  • Chegang 2-dong
  • Chegang 3-dong
  • Ch'ŏnghak-tong
  • Haean-dong
  • Haksŏng-dong
  • Hanch'ŏn-dong
  • Kŭmch'ŏn-dong
  • Ŏb'ŏk-tong
  • Ryŏnho-dong
  • Sinp'yŏng-dong
  • Sŏngnam-dong
  • Songryŏng 1-dong
  • Songryŏng 2-dong
  • Song'am-dong
  • Ssangryong-dong
  • Suwŏn-dong
  • Taedong 1-dong
  • Taedong 2-dong
  • T'anso-dong
  • Yŏkchŏn-dong
  • Ch'undong-ri
  • Haktong-ri
  • Hodong-ri
  • Hŭngp'yŏng-ri
  • Manch'ul-li
  • Okch'ŏl-li
  • Panghang-ri
  • P'ungnyŏl-li
  • Rimmyŏng-ri
  • Ryongho-ri
  • Sangp'yŏng-ri
  • Sech'ŏl-li
  • Sŏkho-ri
  • Songhŭng-ri
  • Songjung-ri
  • Sŏngsang-ri
  • Sudong-ri
  • Tŏg'il-li
  • Tonghŭng-ri
  • T'apha-ri
  • Ŭnho-ri
  • Wŏnp'yŏng-ri

Economy[edit]

Kimchaek is an important port on the Sea of Japan (known to Koreans as the East Sea of Korea), and is home to an ironworks and the Kimch’aek Polytechnic Institute.[1]

Transport[edit]

Kimchaek is on the Pyongra Line railway.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Station ID for Kimchaek is 47025 Use this station ID to locate the sunshine duration

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Kimch'aek". Encyclopaeida Britannica’. Retrieved 8 December 2012. 
  2. ^ "Klimatafel von Kimchaek / Korea (Nordkorea)" (PDF). Baseline climate means (1961-1990) from stations all over the world (in German). Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved 6 November 2016. 
  3. ^ "Station 47025 Kimchaek". Global station data 1961–1990—Sunshine Duration. Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved 6 November 2016. 
  4. ^ "Station Songjin (Kimchaek)" (in French). Meteo Climat. Retrieved 6 November 2016. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Dormels, Rainer. North Korea's Cities: Industrial facilities, internal structures and typification. Jimoondang, 2014. ISBN 978-89-6297-167-5

External links[edit]