Kin-Ball

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The black team is about to strike the ball.

Kin-Ball, is a team sport created in Quebec, Canada in 1986 by Mario Demers, a physical education professor, in which the main distinctive characteristics are the big size of the ball (1.22 meters in diameter) and that the matches are played among three teams at the same time instead of traditional one-vs-one like the most of the team games. The International Kin-Ball Federation counts 3.8 million participants, primarily from Canada, the U.S., Japan, Belgium, France, Switzerland, Spain, Germany, Denmark, the Czech Republic, and Malaysia.

Game[edit]

Kin-Ball game

The Kin-Ball itself has a diameter of 1.22 meters (48 inches) and weighs about 1 kilogram (2 pounds). The court is 20×20 meters (66×66 feet) in size. The line is part of the court.

There are 3 teams playing each game. Every team consists of 4 players. Each team also has an assigned color for the game. The official colors are black, gray and blue. Sometimes pink instead of blue is used.

To make a play the attacking team, which is the one currently being in possession of the ball, has to designate a defending team by announcing a color. The designation has to start with the word "Omnikin" followed by the color of another team. After the designation the ball has to be hit with a body part above the hips, while all other members of the attacking team touch the ball in some way.

If the defending team is able to control the ball successfully, it becomes the attacker.

A Kin-Ball Game is usually played until one team has won three periods. Each period takes about 10 minutes to play. When the first team reaches 11 points in a period, the team with the fewest points has to leave the court and the remaining two teams play until one team reaches 13 points.

A player can commit a series of fouls during the match:

  1. Not being able to catch the ball before it touches the ground
  2. Hitting the ball out of bounds or stepping out of bounds while touching the ball
  3. Walking with the ball after the third player touches the ball during a play
  4. Hitting the ball in a way, that it only has a downward trajectory
  5. Hitting the ball less than 1.8 meters (60 inches)
  6. Not all players of a team being in contact with the ball
  7. Making a mistake during the color announcement (wrong color, more than one player talking, etc.)
  8. Having more than 1 player within 1.8 meters during the hit (close defense)
  9. Intentionally interfering with defending player

Whenever a team commits a fault, the other two teams receive a point each. This also makes sure, that teams of a lower skill level are kept in the play, as long as they don't make to many mistakes of their own in a row.

International competitions[edit]

The first World Cup was held in Québec, Canada in 2001. Since 2005, it has been held every two years for both female and male national teams.

Men[edit]

Year City Gold Medal Silver Medal Bronze Medal
2001 Québec Canada Japan Belgium
2002 Québec Canada Japan France
2005 Ans Canada Japan France
2007 Bilbao Canada Japan France
2009 Trois-Rivières Canada Belgium Japan
2011 Nantes Canada Japan France
2013 Pepinster Canada Japan Belgium
2015 Torrejón de Ardoz Japan France Czech Republic
2017 Tokyo Canada Japan Czech Republic

Women[edit]

Year City Gold Medal Silver Medal Bronze Medal
2001 Québec Canada Japan Belgium
2002 Québec Canada Japan France
2005 Ans Canada Japan France
2007 Bilbao Canada Japan France
2009 Trois-Rivières Canada France Japan
2011 Nantes Canada Japan Switzerland
2013 Pepinster Canada Japan Belgium
2015 Torrejón de Ardoz Canada Japan France
2017 Tokyo Canada Japan France

External links[edit]