Kin-Ball

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
The black team is about to strike the ball.

Kin-Ball, is a team sport created in Quebec, Canada in 1986 by Mario Demers, a physical education professor, in which the main distinctive characteristics are the big size of the ball (1.22 meters in diameter) and that the matches are played among three teams at the same time instead of traditional one-vs-one like the most of the team games. The International Kin-Ball Federation counts 3.8 million participants, primarily from Canada, the U.S., Japan, Belgium, France, Switzerland, Spain, Germany, Denmark, the Czech Republic, and Malaysia, China. The newest country is the UK. Kin-Ball UK formed in 2018 .

Game[edit]

Kin-Ball game

Kin-Ball Diameter: 1.22 meters (48 inches)

Weigh: 1 kg (2.2 lbs)

Court Size: 20×20 meters (66×66 feet) (Court lines are included in measurement).

Three teams play per game.

Each team has 4 players.

The official Kin-Ball team colours are: Black, Grey and Blue. (Sometimes pink is used instead of blue).

The team in possession of the ball is the Attacking Team. To make a play, the Attacking Team will designate a Defending Team, by calling out their colour. The designation has to start with the declaration "Omnikin!" followed by the colour of another team. After the designation, the ball has to be hit with a body part above the hips, while all other members of the Attacking Team touch the ball, in some way. If the Defending Team is able to control the Kin-Ball successfully, it becomes the Attacking Team.

A Kin-Ball Game is usually played until one team has won three periods. Each period takes about 10 minutes to play. When the first team reaches 11 points in a period, the team with the fewest points has to leave the court and the remaining two teams play until one team reaches 13 points.

A player can commit a series of fouls during the match:

  1. Not being able to catch the ball before it touches the ground.
  2. Hitting the ball out of bounds or stepping out of bounds while touching the ball.
  3. Walking with the ball after the third player touches the ball during a play.
  4. Hitting the ball with a downward trajectory.
  5. Hitting the ball less than 1.8 meters (60 inches).
  6. Not all players of a team being in contact with the ball.
  7. Making a mistake during the colour announcement (wrong colour, more than one player talking, etc.).
  8. Having more than 1 player within 1.8 meters during the hit (close defence).
  9. Intentionally interfering with a defending player.

Whenever a team commits a foul, the other two teams receive 1 point each. This ensures that teams of a lower skill level are kept in play. So long as they do not commit too many fouls of their own in a row.

International competitions[edit]

The first World Cup was held in Québec, Canada in 2001. Since 2005, it has been held every two years for both female and male national teams.

Men[edit]

Year City Gold Medal Silver Medal Bronze Medal
2001 Québec Canada Japan Belgium
2002 Québec Canada Japan France
2005 Ans Canada Japan France
2007 Bilbao Canada Japan France
2009 Trois-Rivières Canada Belgium Japan
2011 Nantes Canada Japan France
2013 Pepinster Canada Japan Belgium
2015 Torrejón de Ardoz Japan France Czechia
2017 Tokyo Canada Japan Czechia

Women[edit]

Year City Gold Medal Silver Medal Bronze Medal
2001 Québec Canada Japan Belgium
2002 Québec Canada Japan France
2005 Ans Canada Japan France
2007 Bilbao Canada Japan France
2009 Trois-Rivières Canada France Japan
2011 Nantes Canada Japan Switzerland
2013 Pepinster Canada Japan Belgium
2015 Torrejón de Ardoz Canada Japan France
2017 Tokyo Canada Japan France

External links[edit]