Kinboshi

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Kinboshi (金星?, lit: gold star) is a notation used in professional sumo wrestling to record a lower-ranked (maegashira) wrestler's victory over a yokozuna.

It is believed that the term stems from the usage of the terms shiroboshi (lit: white star) to designate a bout victory, and kuroboshi (black star) to designate a bout defeat. Thus, a "gold star" designates it as a special victory.

The word kinboshi first came into popular use in the Taishō period (1912-1926), and the system of monetarily awarding a maegashira who defeated a yokozuna in an official tournament began in January, 1930.

A kinboshi victory increases the balance in the maegashira's mochikyūkin account by 10 yen. This balance is converted using a multiplier, presently 4,000, and added to the wrestler's bonus in every subsequent tournament in which he competes as a sekitori. With six tournaments a year, this one victory corresponds to a pay increase of 240,000 yen per annum for the remainder of the wrestler's sekitori career.

The kinboshi record is held by former sekiwake Akinoshima who won 16 bouts against yokozuna when ranked as a maegashira. [1]

Restrictions[edit]

Kinboshi are not awarded to san'yaku ranked wrestlers who defeat a yokozuna, nor is it awarded if the maegashira beats a yokozuna with a default win (or fusenshō). It is also not given if the yokozuna is disqualified for using an illegal move (or hansoku).

Other uses[edit]

Ginboshi (銀星 or silver star) is also used informally to denote a maegashira victory over an ōzeki. However, there is no monetary bonus for such a win, nor are official ginboshi records kept.

The term kinboshi is used outside sumo in informal language. It can mean a major victory, or (in slang) a beautiful woman.

List of kinboshi records[edit]

Tables for both kinboshi earned (by maegashira) and those conceded (by yokozuna) are given below.
Kinboshi appearing in individual wrestlers' records before they began to be awarded in January, 1930 are unofficial and historically conferred.

Kinboshi earned[edit]

Kinboshi earned by active wrestlers[edit]

This is a running list of the number of all kinboshi earned by all currently active wrestlers.

Kinboshi(s) Name Highest Rank
8 Aminishiki Sekiwake
5 Yoshikaze Sekiwake
4 Takayasu Komusubi
Toyonoshima Sekiwake
3 Ichinojō Sekiwake
Kisenosato Ōzeki
Ōsunaarashi Maegashira 1
Tochiōzan Sekiwake
2 Chiyotairyū Komusubi
Myōgiryū Sekiwake
Okinoumi Sekiwake
Shōhōzan Komusubi
Takarafuji Komusubi
1 Aoiyama Sekiwake
Endō Maegashira 1
Gagamaru Komusubi
Gōeidō Ōzeki
Hakuhō Yokozuna
Harumafuji Yokozuna
Ikioi Sekiwake
Kotoyūki Sekiwake
Jōkōryū Komusubi
Sadanoumi Maegashira 1
Shōtenrō Maegashira 2
Takekaze Sekiwake
Tamawashi Komusubi
Tochinoshin Sekiwake
Toyohibiki Maegashira 2

[2]

All time kinboshi earned by wrestlers[edit]

This list includes the top kinboshi earners since records began, all of whom are currently inactive.

Kinboshi(s) Name Status
16 Akinoshima oyakata
12 Takamiyama retired
Tochinonada oyakata
11 Tosanoumi oyakata
10 Kitanonada deceased
Annenyama retired
Tsurugamine deceased
Dewanishiki deceased
Ōzutsu retired
9 Mitsuneyama deceased
Tamanoumi deceased
Hasegawa retired
Fujizakura oyakata
Takatōriki expelled

[3]

Kinboshi conceded[edit]

Active yokozuna kinboshi ratio[edit]

This is a running list of kinboshi ratio conceded by the currently active yokozuna.

Name kinboshi
conceded
bouts as
yokozuna
percentage
of kinboshi
1 Hakuhō 12 797 1.51%
2 Kakuryū 8 168 4.76%
3 Harumafuji 29 290 10.0%

All time lowest kinboshi ratio[edit]

This list has the top five yokozuna who have conceded the lowest ratio of kinboshi since official records began. Active yokozuna are listed in bold.

Name kinboshi
conceded
bouts as
yokozuna
percentage
of kinboshi
1 Hakuhō 12 797 1.51%
2 Tamanoumi 3 150 2.00%
3 Tamanishiki 4 121 3.30%
4 Taihō 28 716 3.91%
5 Chiyonofuji 29 730 3.97%
  • Tsunenohana's yokozuna career ended very shortly after official kinboshi records came into effect in January 1930; therefore his record has not been included.

See also[edit]

References[edit]