Kincardine, Fife

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Kincardine-on-Forth)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Kincardine
Kincardine is located in Fife
Kincardine
Kincardine
Location within Fife
Population3,035 [1] (2001 census)
Council area
Lieutenancy area
CountryScotland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townALLOA
Postcode districtFK10
Dialling code01259
PoliceScotland
FireScottish
AmbulanceScottish
EU ParliamentScotland
UK Parliament
Scottish Parliament
List of places
UK
Scotland
56°04′08″N 3°43′08″W / 56.069°N 3.719°W / 56.069; -3.719Coordinates: 56°04′08″N 3°43′08″W / 56.069°N 3.719°W / 56.069; -3.719

Kincardine (/kɪnˈkɑːrdɪn/ kin-KAR-din; Scottish Gaelic: Cinn Chàrdainn[2]) or Kincardine-on-Forth is a small town on the north shore of the Firth of Forth, in Fife, Scotland. The town was given the status of a burgh of barony in 1663.[3] It was at one time a reasonably prosperous minor port. The townscape retains many good examples of Scottish vernacular buildings from the 17th, 18th and early 19th centuries, although it was greatly altered during the construction of Kincardine Bridge in 1932–1936.

Etymology[edit]

The name Kincardine, recorded in 1540 as Kincarne, may be of either Pictish or Gaelic origin.[4] The second element is Pictish *carden, conceivably loaned into Gaelic, meaning "woodland" or perhaps "enclosure, encampment" (Middle Welsh cardden).[4] The first element is the Gaelic ceann, "head end",[4] but in view of the second element's "Pictish" distribution, it is most appropriately seen as an adaptation or translation of the cognate Pictish *pen,[4] of the same meaning (Welsh pen),[4] and the original form may have been *Pencarden.

Transport[edit]

The Mercat cross at Kincardine, 2007
A map of Kincardine from 1945

Kincardine Bridge runs south from Kincardine. It is the main crossing-point of the Firth of Forth between the Queensferry Crossing and Stirling. Kincardine Bridge used to be a swing bridge and opened to large ships, but this was closed in a final ceremony in 1988. The bridge had seven spans made of steel. There was a large control room at the top of the bridge, this used to be manned to allow the operators to open the bridge to large ships and river traffic. In 2005, it was given Category A listed status by Historic Scotland.[5]

During the last several decades, the town has suffered from increased congestion due to the increase of vehicles using the bridge. This heavy congestion was reduced in 2005 by the opening of an eastern bypass connecting the Kincardine bridge with the A985 Inverkeithing/Forth Road Bridge artery. In 2008 the western section of the town was bypassed with the opening of the Clackmannanshire Bridge.[6]

Police[edit]

Kincardine is also the location of the Scottish Police College at Tulliallan Castle on the outskirts of the town.[7]

People[edit]

The chemist and physicist, James Dewar, was born in Kincardine in 1842.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Comparative Population Profile: Kincardine Locality". Scotland's Census Results Online. 29 April 2001. Archived from the original on 5 April 2003. Retrieved 26 January 2012.
  2. ^ Iain Mac an Tàilleir. "Placenames" (PDF). Scottish Parliament. Retrieved 28 November 2011.
  3. ^ Gifford, John (1992). Fife (Repr. with corrections. ed.). London: Penguin. p. 265. ISBN 0-14-071077-9.
  4. ^ a b c d e Taylor, Simon. "Kincardine". Fife Place-Name Data. Retrieved 18 September 2019.
  5. ^ "Kincardine bridge swings to future Crossing built for car boom given listed protection". HeraldScotland. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
  6. ^ "Kincardine Community Council". www.kincardinecc.com. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
  7. ^ "Facilities at Tulliallan and Jackton - Police Scotland". www.scotland.police.uk. Retrieved 8 November 2016.

External links[edit]