Kincardineshire (UK Parliament constituency)

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Kincardineshire
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
Subdivisions of ScotlandKincardineshire
17081918
Number of membersOne
Replaced byKincardine & Western Aberdeenshire
Created fromKincardineshire

Kincardineshire was a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1708 to 1801 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1918. It was represented by one Member of Parliament (MP).

Creation[edit]

The British parliamentary constituency was created in 1708 following the Acts of Union, 1707 and replaced the former Parliament of Scotland shire constituency of Kincardineshire. The first election to a Parliament of Great Britain was in 1708. In 1707-08 members of the 1702-1707 Parliament of Scotland were co-opted to serve in the 1st Parliament of Great Britain. See Scottish representatives to the 1st Parliament of Great Britain, for further details.

Boundaries[edit]

The constituency represented the county of Kincardineshre., which had previously been represented by two commissioners in the former Parliament of Scotland. The constituency included the whole shire, except for the Royal burgh of Inverbervie which formed part of the Aberdeen Burghs constituency.

History[edit]

The constituency elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system until the seat was reorganised in 1918.[1] [2] [3] [4] [5]

In 1918, the constituency was combined with part of Western Aberdeenshire to form the Kincardine and Western Aberdeenshire constituency.

Members of Parliament[edit]

  • Constituency created (1708)
Year Member Party
1708 Sir David Ramsay, Bt
1710 Sir Alexander Ramsay, Bt
1713 James Scott
1734 John Falconer
1741 Sir James Carnegie, Bt
1765 Sir Alexander Ramsay-Irvine, 6th Bt
1768 Robert Hepburn
1774 Lord Adam Gordon
1788 Robert Barclay Allardice
1797 Sir John Wishart-Belches
1806 William Adam
1812 George Harley Drummond
1820 Sir Alexander Ramsay, Bt
1826 Sir Hugh Arbuthnot Conservative
1865 James Dyce Nicol Liberal
1872 Sir George Balfour Liberal
1892 John William Crombie Liberal
1908 Arthur Murray Liberal
  • Constituency abolished (1918)

Elections[edit]

Decades:

Elections in the 1840s[edit]

General election 1841: Kincardineshire[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Hugh Arbuthnot Unopposed
Registered electors 914
Conservative hold
General election 1847: Kincardineshire[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Hugh Arbuthnot Unopposed
Registered electors 808
Conservative hold

Elections in the 1850s[edit]

General election 1852: Kincardineshire[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Hugh Arbuthnot Unopposed
Registered electors 951
Conservative hold
General election 1857: Kincardineshire[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Hugh Arbuthnot Unopposed
Registered electors 997
Conservative hold
General election 1859: Kincardineshire[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Hugh Arbuthnot Unopposed
Registered electors 1,021
Conservative hold

Elections in the 1860s[edit]

General election 1865: Kincardineshire[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal James Dyce Nicol 490 63.0 N/A
Conservative Thomas Gladstone 288 37.0 N/A
Majority 202 26.0 N/A
Turnout 778 78.8 N/A
Registered electors 987
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing N/A
General election 1868: Kincardineshire[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal James Dyce Nicol Unopposed
Registered electors 1,731
Liberal hold

Elections in the 1870s[edit]

Nicol's death caused a by-election.

By-election, 10 Dec 1872: Kincardineshire[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal George Balfour Unopposed
Liberal hold
General election 1874: Kincardineshire[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal George Balfour 941 63.8 N/A
Conservative James Badenach Nicolson[7] 533 36.2 N/A
Majority 408 27.7 N/A
Turnout 1,474 83.4 N/A
Registered electors 1,767
Liberal hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General election 1880: Kincardineshire[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal George Balfour 1,037 67.5 +3.7
Conservative David Sinclair[8] 500 32.5 −3.7
Majority 537 34.9 +7.2
Turnout 1,537 83.6 +0.2
Registered electors 1,838
Liberal hold Swing +3.7
General election 1885: Kincardineshire[9][10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal George Balfour 3,160 71.4 +3.9
Conservative David Scott Porteous 1,267 28.6 −3.9
Majority 1,893 42.8 +7.9
Turnout 4,427 79.3 −4.3
Registered electors 5,580
Liberal hold Swing +3.9
General election 1886: Kincardineshire[9][10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal George Balfour Unopposed
Liberal hold

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

Crombie
General election 1892: Kincardineshire[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John William Crombie 2,444 64.0 N/A
Kincardineshire Church Defence Johnston Stephen[n 1] 1,376 36.0 N/A
Majority 1,068 28.0 N/A
Turnout 3,820 66.8 N/A
Registered electors 5,719
Liberal hold Swing N/A
General election 1895: Kincardineshire[12][10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John William Crombie 2,603 56.1 -7.9
Conservative Charles Hepburn-Stuart-Forbes-Trefusis 2,040 43.9 N/A
Majority 563 12.2 -15.8
Turnout 4,643 78.7 +11.9
Registered electors 5,897
Liberal hold

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General election 1900: Kincardineshire[12][10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John William Crombie 3,092 66.8 +10.7
Conservative James Mowat 1,536 33.2 −10.7
Majority 1,556 33.6 +21.4
Turnout 4,628 72.2 −6.5
Registered electors 6,410
Liberal hold Swing +10.7
General election 1906: Kincardineshire[13][10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John William Crombie 3,877 71.8 +5.0
Conservative Sydney Gammell 1,524 28.2 −5.0
Majority 2,353 43.6 +10.0
Turnout 5,401 76.4 +4.2
Registered electors 7,067
Liberal hold Swing +5.0
Murray
1908 Kincardineshire by-election[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Arthur Murray 3,661 65.1 −6.7
Conservative Sydney Gammell 1,963 34.9 +6.7
Majority 1,698 30.2 −13.4
Turnout 5,624 79.0 +2.6
Registered electors 7,119
Liberal hold Swing −6.7

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General election January 1910: Kincardineshire[14][15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Arthur Murray 3,926 67.5 +2.4
Conservative Robert Pearson 1,891 32.5 -2.4
Majority 2,035 35.0 +4.8
Turnout 81.0 +2.0
Liberal hold Swing +2.4
General election December 1910: Kincardineshire[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Arthur Murray Unopposed
Liberal hold

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

See also[edit]

Notes and References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ Some sources describe Stephen as a Liberal Unionist

References

  1. ^ "Kincardineshire". History of Parliament Online (1690-1715). Retrieved 9 June 2019.
  2. ^ "Kincardineshire". History of Parliament Online (1715-1754). Retrieved 9 June 2019.
  3. ^ "Kincardineshire". History of Parliament Online (1754-1790). Retrieved 9 June 2019.
  4. ^ "Kincardineshire". History of Parliament Online (1790-1820). Retrieved 9 June 2019.
  5. ^ "Kincardineshire". History of Parliament Online (1820-1832). Retrieved 9 June 2019.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book)|format= requires |url= (help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
  7. ^ "Election for the County of Kincardine". Aberdeen Press and Journal. 4 February 1874. p. 1. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  8. ^ "Representation of Kincardine-shire". Aberdeen Free Press. 27 March 1880. p. 5. Retrieved 3 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  9. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons and Judicial Bench, 1889
  10. ^ a b c d e Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984.
  11. ^ Whitaker's Almanack 1893
  12. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1901
  13. ^ Whitaker's Almanack 1907
  14. ^ a b The Times House of Commons 1910; Politico's Publishing 2004 p100
  15. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1916
  16. ^ The Times House of Commons, 1911; Politico's Publishing 2004, p110