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Specialtyphysical therapy

Kinesiotherapy or Kinesitherapy or kinesiatrics, (kinēsis, "movement") literally movement therapy, is the therapeutic treatment of disease by passive and active muscular movements (as by massage) and of exercise.[1][2] It is the core element of physiotherapy/physical therapy.

Equivalents of the term Kinesiotherapy are used in place of the term physiotherapy/physical therapy in several non-English speaking countries (e.g. Bulgaria, Lithuania, Rwanda, Luxembourg, Mauritius, Belgium, France, Chile, Paraguay, and Romania).[3]


It has been used as a well-established therapeutical resource since the early 20th century.[4] Back then, various devices were used including vibrating devices to stimulate the muscles.[5]


  1. ^ "Kinesitherapy". Merriam Webster. Retrieved 21 March 2012.
  2. ^ Doury, Paul; Dirheimer, Yves; Pattin, Serge (1981). Algodystrophy: diagnosis and therapy of a frequent disease of the locomotor apparatus. Springer-Verlag. p. 21. ISBN 978-0-387-10624-3. Retrieved 21 March 2012.
  3. ^
  4. ^ Shoemaker, John Vietch (1908). A practical treatise on materia medica and therapeutics: with especial reference to the clinical application of drugs. F.A. Davis. p. 1000. Retrieved 21 March 2012.
  5. ^ United States. Patent Office (1918). Classification Bulletin of the United States Patent Office ...: Containing the Classification of Subjects of Invention ... U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 7. Retrieved 21 March 2012.