Kinetic Dynamic Suspension System
- For other articles named KDSS, see KDSS (disambiguation).
The Kinetic Dynamic Suspension System (KDSS) technology was employed initially in the Lexus GX 470, and subsequently the 200 Series Toyota Land Cruiser. The system was invented and developed by Kinetic Pty Ltd, a small R&D company based in Dunsborough, Western Australia. It optimally adjusts front and rear stabilizers based on a set of interconnected hydraulic cylinders. The interconnection is made up of hydraulic piping and a control cylinder which is located at the frame rail. KDSS, which is fully mechanical, can disengage the stabilizer bars (the bars are jointed, allowing movement independent of one another). This system will not engage during normal driving conditions, when hydraulic pressure is equal. In off-road conditions, KDSS activates when it senses that a wheel has dropped.
The Kinetic Dynamic Suspension System was first available as an option on the model year 2004 Lexus GX 470, a sport utility vehicle that is only sold in the United States, and based roughly on the 120 Series Land Cruiser Prado. The system was also introduced in similar form on the 2008 Toyota Land Cruiser. For the 2008 Lexus LX 570, an electro-mechanical suspension was employed, retaining the function of the KDSS design but adding electronic components.
Models that have adopted the Kinetic Dynamic Suspension System to date include:
- 2010–2016 Toyota 4Runner Trail Edition
- 2017–present Toyota 4Runner TRD Off-Road
- 2008–present Toyota Land Cruiser
- 2004–present Lexus GX
- 2010–present Toyota Prado
- "Kinetic Suspension Technology". Kinetic Pty Ltd. 2007-09-18. Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2008-05-27.
- "Toyota Hopes Dynamic Suspension Boosts Land Cruiser (warning: mention of 'University of Toyota' -- I kid you not!)". Ward's Autoworld. Retrieved 2009-07-27.