Kinfauns Castle

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Kinfauns Castle
Kinfauns Castle (geograph 5611321).jpg
LocationNear Perth, Scotland
Coordinates56°23′18″N 3°22′41″W / 56.3883°N 3.3780°W / 56.3883; -3.3780Coordinates: 56°23′18″N 3°22′41″W / 56.3883°N 3.3780°W / 56.3883; -3.3780
Built1825
Built forLord Gray
ArchitectRobert Smirke
Architectural style(s)Castellated
Listed Building – Category A
Designated5 October 1971
Reference no.LB11955
Designated1 July 1987
Reference no.GDL00240
Kinfauns Castle is located in Perth and Kinross
Kinfauns Castle
Location of Kinfauns Castle in Perth and Kinross

Kinfauns Castle is a 19th century castle in Perthshire in the Castellated Gothic style, with a slight asymmetry typical of Scottish Georgian. It stands on a raised terrace facing south over the River Tay. The house is protected as a category A listed building,[1] and the grounds are included in the Inventory of Gardens and Designed Landscapes in Scotland.[2]

History[edit]

In reward for his services at the capture of Perth in 1313, Thomas de Longeville (fighting alongside William Wallace), was granted land east of Perth by Robert the Bruce. Thomas married the heiress of Charteris of Kinfauns and changed his name to Charteris. He built a castle named Kinfauns Castle on the lands granted. His family had a long-running feud with the Ruthvens of Perth and in 1552 John Charteris was murdered by the Ruthvens on the High Street (Royal Mile) in Edinburgh. The property passed from the Charteris family to the Carnegies and from there to the Blairs.[3]

The old estate and former castle passed into the Gray family when a Blair heiress married the 11th Lord Gray in 1741.[4] The current castle was designed by Sir Robert Smirke and built between 1822 and 1826 by Francis Gray, 14th Lord Gray on the site of a medieval stronghold. It passed to the Stuart Earls of Moray in 1878 and descended in that family to the 17th Earl of Moray. He commissioned several improvements; the walled garden and gardener's cottage were designed by Francis William Deas in 1910.[5] After the death of the 17th Earl in 1930 the estate became the property of Scottish Estates Ltd, who sold off most of the land piecemeal.[6]

The house and remaining land is currently occupied by Scottish businesswoman Ann Gloag, co-founder of the Stagecoach company.

Cultural reference[edit]

The Union-Castle Line steamer RMS Kinfauns Castle was launched in 1899 and was named after this building. The vessel was painted by Charles de Lacy.[7]

Kinfauns castle, engraved by J. Reid after Alexander Carse, in James Knox's Topography of the Basin of the Tay, 1831.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Historic Environment Scotland. "KINFAUNS CASTLE  (Category A) (LB11955)". Retrieved 26 December 2018.
  2. ^ Historic Environment Scotland. "KINFAUNS CASTLE (GDL00240)". Retrieved 26 December 2018.
  3. ^ The Castles of Scotland, Martin Coventry
  4. ^ Jones, David (1997). "William Trotter's Furniture for the 'chinease' Rooms at Kinfauns Castle, Perthshire". Furniture History. 33: 240–252. JSTOR 23408098.
  5. ^ Dictionary of Scottish Architects:Deas
  6. ^ "Kinfauns castle". Historic Environment Scotland. Retrieved 14 July 2019.
  7. ^ http://collections.rmg.co.uk/collections/objects/13758.html Liner Kinfauns Castle painting museum entry. Retrieved 9 June 2013.