King's-Edgehill School

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King's-Edgehill School
KESCrests.jpg
Be More!
Address
33 King's-Edgehill Lane
Windsor, Nova Scotia
Canada
Information
Type Independent Co-educational Secondary
Established 1788
Headmaster Joseph F. Seagram
Grades 6–12
Number of students 280-300 (Approx. 170 Boarders, 110 Day Students)
Color(s) Red and Blue         
Website
Official name King's College National Historic Site of Canada
Designated 1923

King's-Edgehill School is a Canadian private university-preparatory boarding and day school located in the town of Windsor, Nova Scotia. It is the oldest independent school in the Commonwealth outside the United Kingdom, founded by United Empire Loyalists as King's Collegiate School in 1788, and granted Royal Charter by King George III in 1802.

History[edit]

Charles Inglis by Robert Field

The agricultural town of Windsor was chosen by Charles Inglis, first overseas Bishop of the Anglican Church, for the founding of the school over the larger military centre and colonial capital of Halifax (60 km to the southeast) so "...that it be well away from taverns and houses of ill fame".[citation needed]

In April 1789, King George III gave Royal Assent to the establishment of King's Collegiate School, as well as to the establishment of the University of King's College - the first such honour to be bestowed upon any school in the British Empire. It is also claimed that Prince Edward, Duke of Kent took an interest in King's Collegiate School and University of King's College while stationed in Halifax as Commander-in-Chief, British North America.

Inglis House

In June 1890, the Anglican Diocese of Nova Scotia decided to establish a girl's school in Windsor to complement King's Collegiate School. Edgehill School opened in January 1891 and construction of a new building to house the new girls began in the following June.

The sandstone library built by George Lang, survived the 1923 fire.

In 1920 a disastrous fire swept through the campus causing irreparable damage to the main university buildings. With the encouragement of the Carnegie Foundation, which was promoting the consolidation of all Nova Scotian post-secondary institutions to Halifax around a nucleus formed by Dalhousie University, the University of King's College received funds to move into a newly built campus in Halifax. King's College remains an independent university, although its students enjoy affiliation privileges with Dalhousie. Its campus is located at the corner of Oxford Street and Cobourg Road, occupying the northwest corner of Dalhousie's Studley Campus.

In 1923, the former King's College campus in Windsor was designated a National Historic Site of Canada, as it was the original site of the oldest university in the colonies which became Canada.[1]

During the Second World War, the Edgehill School was host to a group of approximately 30 female students from the Roedean School in East Sussex, England who had been evacuated. They travelled to Nova Scotia on the SS Duchess of Atholl.

The 25m pool in the Ted Canavan Athletic Centre

Both King's Collegiate School and the newer Edgehill School remained on the Windsor campus and eventually expanded to include much of the 65-acre (260,000 m2) site, therefore better hosting the athletic tournaments which take place every year. In 1976 the governing bodies of both schools decided to amalgamate, and King's-Edgehill School was born.

KCS/King-Edgehill Timeline[edit]

  • 1787 - Dr. Charles Inglis arrives in Nova Scotia
  • 1788 - King's Collegiate School for boys opens with 17 students
  • 1789 - George III gives Royal Assent to K.C.S.
  • 1800 - The boys of K.C.S. adopt the game of hurley to the ice of Long Pond
  • 1863 - Convocation Hall is built, Canada's first library museum building
  • 1867 - Canadian Confederation: Among the Fathers of Confederation are 3 former K.C.S. students
  • 1877 - Hensley Memorial Chapel opens on the first Sunday of Michaelmas Term
  • 1891 - Edgehill School for Girls opens with 27 resident and 15 day students
  • 1920 - Disastrous fire destroys the main buildings of the University of King's College
  • 1923 - The school and the university separate; King's College moves to Halifax
  • 1931 - Inglis House is erected on the foundation of the original 1790 College building
  • 1976 - Amalgamation to form King's-Edgehill School
  • 1981 - King's-Edgehill offers the International Baccalaureate Programme, the sixth school in Canada to do so

Present day[edit]

In the past five years. there have been major renovations of the school, ranging from the addition of a floor to the girls dormitory to the construction of the Ted Canavan Athletic Centre (opened in 2005), complete with a pool, double gym and well-equipped exercise facilities. The Fountain Performing Arts Centre was also completed recently to host musical performances and concerts.

The current headmaster is Joseph F. Seagram. His predecessor is David Penaluna, who is also former headmaster (1995-2008) of St. Michael's University School in Victoria, British Columbia.[1]

Headmasters and Principals (King's)[edit]

Title First Name Middle Last Name Start End Number
Rev. Archibald Paine Inglis 1788 1790 1
Rev. William Cochran 1790 1802 2
Vacant 1802 1803 Vacant
Rev. William Twining 1803 1804 3
Mr. George Ironside (Acting) 1804 1806 4
Rev. Dr. William Cochran 1806 1808 5
Rev. William Colsel King 1808 1815 6
Rev. John Thomas Twining 1815 1817 7
Rev. William Colsel King 1817 1818 8
Rev. Christopher Milner 1818 1819 9
Rev. Dr. Charles Porter (Acting) 1819 1820 10
Mr. H. Nelson Arnold (Acting) 1820 1821 11
Rev. Francis Salt 1821 1832 12
Rev. Josiah H. Clinch 1832 1835 13
School Closed December 1835 1835 1836 Closed
Rev. William Burgess King 1836 1846 14
Mr. William James Irwin 1846 1848 15
Vacant Principalship July 1, 1847 - Oct 1, 1848 1847 1848 Vacant
Rev. John G. Mulholland 1848 1853 16
School Closed Dec 1853 - Aug 1854 1853 1854 Closed
Rev. David W. Pickett 1854 1861 17
Vacant Principalship June 1861 - Sept 1862 1861 1862 Vacant
Rev. J.T. M.W. Blackman 1863 1867 18
Rev. Geo. Branson Dodwell 1867 1873 19
School Closed June 1873 - Sept 1875 1873 1875 Closed
Rev. John Butler 1875 1876 20
Rev. Charles Edward Willet 1876 1888 21
Rev. Arnoldus Miller 1888 1892 22
Mr. Henry M. Bradford 1893 1897 23
Mr. Fred T. Handsombody 1897 1914 24
Rev. Canon W. W. Judd 1914 1927 25
Mr. Charles Scott 1927 1934 26
Rev. Gerald White 1934 1943 27
Mr. N R. Waddington 1943 1947 28
Mr. J. S. Erskine (Acting) 1947 1948 29
Lt. Col John A. Hebb 1948 1952 30
Rev. J. Franklin Rudderham 1952 1954 31
Mr. Lloyd R Gesner 1954 1960 32
Mr. John S. Derrick 1960 1973 33
Dr. Thomas T. Menzies 1973 1988 34
Mr. Geoff R. Smith 1988 1990 35
Mr. John A. Messenger 1990 1995 36
Mr. David R. Penaluna 1995 2008 37
Mr. Joseph Frederick Seagram 2008 Present 38

Headmistresses/Principals Edgehill School for Girls (Founded 1891)[edit]

Title First Name Middle Name Last Name Start End Number
Miss Hannah Machin 1891 1897 1
Miss Blanche L. Lefroy 1897 1905 2
Miss Gena Smith 1905 1919 3
Miss Mildred H. Roechling 1919 1946 4
Miss Barbara S. Briggs 1946 1954 5
Miss Jean O'Neill 1954 1958 6
Miss Sarah E.G. MacDonald 1958 1962 7
Miss Branda Fowler 1962 1966 8
Mr. Seymour C. Gordon 1966 1967 9
Miss Dorothy McLean 1967 1968 10
Mr. John S. Derrick 1968 1973 11
Miss Gail Emmerson 1974 1976 12

Notable alumni[edit]

Teachers[edit]

Students[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ King's College. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 10 March 2013.
  2. ^ "Biography – PRYOR, JOHN – Volume XII (1891-1900) – Dictionary of Canadian Biography". www.biographi.ca. Retrieved 2016-03-27. 
  3. ^ "History of Ross Farm". Ross Farm Museum. Retrieved 2016-03-27. 

Hockey Heritage Centre funding announced

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°58′59″N 64°08′12″W / 44.983118°N 64.136782°W / 44.983118; -64.136782