King's College School, Cambridge
|King's College School|
|Type||Independent preparatory day and boarding|
Choral foundation school
|Religious affiliation(s)||Church of England|
|Founder||Henry VI of England|
|Department for Education URN||110911 Tables|
|Chair of Governors||Prof Robert Foley|
|Age||4 to 13|
|Number of students||449 (2016)|
|Publication||The Fleur De Lys (Annual) |
The KCS Express (Termly)
King's College School is a coeducational independent preparatory school in Cambridge, England, situated on West Road off Grange Road, west of the city centre. It was founded to educate the choristers in the King's College Choir during the 15th century. Although no longer located on College grounds, it remains an integral part of the Chapel's musical tradition and is still governed by and receives some funding from the College. The most recent full integrated Independent Schools Inspectorate inspection awarded the grade ‘excellent’ in all 9 categories.
King's College was founded in 1441 by King Henry VI. By 1447 the full complement of 16 choristers had been recruited to sing in the chapel. They were likely educated by a fellow until the appoint of the first Informator Chorustarum (Master over the Choristers) in 1456, Robert Brantham. The existence of dedicated school rooms was recorded during the Counter-Reformation when a visitation of the University in 1557 inspected the "chorusters chamber and schole" and took away a number of books deemed to be unsuitable.
The school has moved location several times since its inception. By 1693 it was located in a building to the south-east of the chapel, next to King's Parade. In this year that building was demolished and replaced with what was known as the New Brick Building which continued to house the school through to the nineteenth century. In the 1820s during the rebuilding by William Wilkins, the brick building and adjoining Provost's Lodge were demolished, opening up a view of the chapel from the street. The outline of the foundations of the brick building can be seen on the lawn during long periods of hot dry weather.
In 1828 the Wilkins building on the south side of the court opposite the chapel was opened and the school was housed in rooms within it. By the 1870s in response to improving musical standards in other English choirs, it was decided to open a boarding house to accommodate choristers from outside Cambridge in order to widen the field from which selection of choristers could take place. This was opened on the current site in West Road in 1878, and by 1880 all 16 choristers were boarders, and there were also 8 non-chorister day pupils, a number that would gradually increase over the coming decades. From 1976 girls were admitted, and as the school expanded, it opened a pre-preparatory department.
The boarding programme is open only to boys. Choristers are full boarders while other boys return home for the weekend.
Like many British Schools, King's uses a house system. This is not a system related to boarding houses, of which there is only one at King's, but one of which pupils are placed into one of four houses, each named after a surrounding road or path. There are many inter-house competitions throughout the year in sports and academics, in the form of merits, awarded for good work, which are totalled and averaged each term, with the house with the highest average merits winning a house party. In recent years, a new competition, called "It's A Knockout" (after the British TV show of the same name), in which many wacky games are played and money is also raised, has been added to the competitions.
Links With Other Schools
The school began a link project with Dikkumbura Sri Siddhartha School in southern Sri Lanka in 2007 initially as a response to the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami, after a visit there by the then headmaster, Nicholas Robisnson, but the link quickly went beyond aid and became more of an academic link, with three yearly teacher exchanges and many more exchanges of work between the schools to learn more about each culture. King's often raises funds to help the school, and has sent musical instruments and sports equipment to the school in Sri Lanka as well.
- William Cosyn, Dean of Wells (c1470-1525)
- John Hullyer, clergyman burned at the stake on Jesus Green, Cambridge (c1520-1556)
- Christopher Tye, Renaissance composer and organist (1505-1573)
- John Cowell, jurist and Master of Trinty Hall (1554-1611)
- Orlando Gibbons, composer (1583-1625)
- James Essex, architect and builder (1722–1784)
- William Sterndale Bennett composer (1816-1875)
- Francis Newton Parsons, recipient of the Victoria Cross (1875-1900)
- Erasmus Darwin IV, grandson of Charles Darwin (1881-1915)
- Seiriol Evans, Dean of Gloucester (1894-1984)
- Charles Sorley, war poet (1895-1915)
- Oswin Gibbs-Smith, Dean of Winchester (1901-1969)
- William Oliver, army officer (1901-1981)
- William Baker, Bishop of Zanzibar (1902-1990)
- Donald Harris, Archdeacon of Bedford (1904-1996)
- Michael Ramsey, Archbishop of Canterbury (1904-1988)
- Charles Harvard Gibbs-Smith, aviation historian (1909-1981)
- Michael Clapham, industrialist (1912-2002)
- Michael Peck, Dean of Lincoln (1914-1968)
- John Cornford, poet and communist, (1915-1936)
- John Frederick Powell, air force officer (1915-2008)
- David Briggs headmaster King's College School, Cambridge (1917-)
- Boris Ford, critic and educationist (1917-1998) (chorister)
- Norman Reddaway, civil cervant (1918-1999)
- Wallace Michael Ross, organist (1920-2010)
- Michael Swann, biologist (1920-1990)
- Sir Patrick Howard-Dobson, army officer (1921-2009)
- Evan Luard, politician (1926-1991)
- Fred Tomlinson, singer, songwriter for Monty Python (1927-2016)
- Donald Cameron Watt, historian (1928-2014)
- Elihu Lauterpacht, lawyer (1928-2017)
- John Alldis, conductor (1929-2010)
- John Pardoe, politician (1934-)
- Christopher Tugendhat, politician (1937-)
- Simon Preston, organist (1938-)
- Simon Keynes, Anglo-Saxonist (1952-)
- Hugh Lupton, oral storyteller (1952-)
- David Reddaway, diplomat (1953-)
- Andrew Wiles, mathematician who proved Fermat's Last Theorem (1953-)
- Bob Chilcott, composer (1955-)
- Amschel Rothschild, businessman (1955-1996)
- Sir Adam Thomson, former British diplomat who served as UK Ambassador to NATO between 2014 and 2016 (1955-)
- Wren Hoskyns, paediatrician (1956-2015)
- Simon McBurney, actor, writer and director (1957-)
- Quentin Poole, musician (1957-)
- Jeremy Northam, actor (1961-)
- Timothy Gowers, Rouse Ball Professor of Mathematics (1963-)
- Ben and Jonathan Finn, creators of Sibelius Software
- Olly Smith, wine expert (1974-)
- Julian Huppert, Liberal Democrat politician (1978-)
- Guy Johnston, cellist (1981-)
- Charles C. W. Cooke, journalist and broadcaster (1984-)
- Thomas Ridgewell, YouTube video creator (1990-)
The following head teachers have served since 1878 when the school relocated to its present site in West Road:
- Vincent Charles Reynell 1878 - 1887
- Benjamin Benham 1887–1905
- Trenham Candy Weatherhead 1905–1912
- Charles Richard Jelf 1912–1927
- Cedric Moulton Fiddian 1927–1950
- Donald George Butters 1950 - 1958
- Adam Sebastian Arnold-Brown 1958-1959 (interim)
- John David(son) Briggs 1959–1977
- Gerald Peacocke 1977–1993
- Andrew Corbett 1993–1998
- Nicholas Robinson 1998 – 2017
- Tom Hales (acting) 2017
- Yvette Day 2018 -
- Independent Schools Inspectorate (2014). "2014 Integrated Inspection Report".
- Henderson, RJ (1981). A History of King's College Choir School Cambridge. ISBN 978-0950752808.
- John Gray (1964). "King's College School in 1564" (PDF). Proceedings of the Cambridge Antiquarian Society. LVI-LVII: 88–102.
- Robert Willis & John Willis Clark (1886). The architectural history of the University of Cambridge and of the colleges of Cambridge and Eton: Volume 3. Cambridge University Press. p. 541.CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link)
- School History Archived 2012-01-18 at the Wayback Machine
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-09-20. Retrieved 2012-04-07.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link) Boarding
- "Cellist Guy Johnston: "When music works it's magic and speaks to the soul"". Cambridge News. 15 May 2014. Archived from the original on 8 August 2014.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-20. Retrieved 2010-09-11.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link) Web accessible article on the school's history by Anne Page, B. mus (b 1920)
- "King's School announces new Head". King's College, Cambridge. Retrieved 13 March 2017.