King's Mill, Shipley
|Base storeys||Two-storey base|
|Smock sides||Eight sides|
|No. of sails||Four|
|Type of sails||Patent sails|
|No. of pairs of millstones||3|
King's Mill was built in 1879 for Friend Martin at a cost of £2,500 by Messrs Grist and Steele, the Horsham millwrights. Machinery from a windmill at Coldwaltham is believed to have been incorporated in the mill. Martin operated the mill and the village shop until he died in 1884. The Mill failed to sell so his wife hired Robert Miller as Miller on her behalf. In 1895 it was sold to Richard Vincent who hired Ernest Powell to be the Miller. The writer Hilaire Belloc bought the mill and the surrounding land in 1906. Powell continued to be Miller while the mill worked commercially until 1926, latterly by a steam engine. It was bought in 1906 by Hilaire Belloc, who owned it until his death in 1953. King's Mill was restored by E Hole and Sons, the Burgess Hill millwrights, as a memorial to Belloc soon after his death and was re-opened to visitors for the first time in 1958. West Sussex County Council had the responsibility for the upkeep of the mill, which remained in the ownership of the Belloc family. A local committee the Friends of Shipley Windmill opened the mill to visitors until 1986. Major repairs to the mill were required and County Council agreed with the owners to form a charitable trust to manage the mill.
The Shipley Windmill Charitable Trust was formed in 1987 and took over responsibility for the maintenance. Further restoration work was carried out by Hole's between 1987 and 1990, when the mill re-opened, although with only two sweeps at that time. The second pair of sweeps was fitted in 1991. A new pair of sweeps and a new stock were fitted in November 2004. On 7 April 2009, it was announced that the mill was to close to the public as the lease owned by Shipley Mill Charitable Trust only had three years to run and they had been notified that the lease would not be renewed when it expired. The mill opened for the 2009 season on 5 April and held its last open day on 19 July.
King's Mill is a four-storey smock mill on a two-storey brick base. It has four Patent Sails carried on a cast-iron windshaft. The octagonal conical cap is winded by a fantail. The Brake Wheel is wood, driving a cast-iron Wallower on an oak Upright Shaft. This carries a cast-iron Great Spur Wheel which drives three pairs of overdrift millstones.
- 1879-1884 Friend Martin
- 1884-1895 Robert Wood
- 1895-1926 Ernest Powell
Culture and media
- Brunnarius, Martin (1979). The Windmills of Sussex. Chichester: Philimore. pp. 66–68, 190. ISBN 0-85033-345-8.
- "History of Shipley Windmill". Shipley Windmill. Retrieved 6 May 2008.
- "Shipley windmill, Sussex". Windmill World. Retrieved 6 May 2008.
- "Creek windmill to close to public". BBC News Online. 7 April 2009. Retrieved 16 April 2009.
- Historic England. "KINGS WINDMILL (1180806)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 26 June 2015.
- "The Horsham Union Workhouse - a history - Page 3 of 7 (Wayback Machine)". Horsham Workhouse. Archived from the original on October 14, 2007. Retrieved 21 May 2008.
- Hemming, Peter (1936). The Windmills in Sussex. London: C W Daniel. Online version