King's Mill, Shipley

Coordinates: 50°59′05″N 0°22′22″W / 50.9848°N 0.3727°W / 50.9848; -0.3727
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Shipley Windmill
King's Mill
Mill name
  • King's Mill
  • Vincent's Mill
Grid referenceTQ 143 218
Coordinates50°59′05″N 0°22′22″W / 50.9848°N 0.3727°W / 50.9848; -0.3727
Year built1879 (1879)
PurposeCorn mill
TypeSmock mill
StoreysFour-storey smock
Base storeysTwo-storey base
Smock sidesEight sides
No. of sailsFour
Type of sailsPatent sails
WindshaftCast iron
No. of pairs of millstones3

King's Mill or Vincent's Mill, Shipley, West Sussex, England, is a smock mill built in 1879.


King's Mill was built in 1879 for Friend Martin at a cost of £2,500 by Messrs Grist and Steele, millwrights of Horsham. Machinery from a windmill at Coldwaltham is believed to have been incorporated in the mill.[1] Martin operated the windmill and the village shop until he died in 1884. The mill failed to sell so his wife hired Robert Miller as miller on her behalf. In 1895 it was sold to Richard Vincent who hired Ernest Powell as miller. The writer Hilaire Belloc bought the mill and the surrounding land in 1906. Powell continued to be miller while the mill worked commercially until 1926, latterly by a steam engine.[2] After the death of Belloc in 1953, King's Mill was restored by E. Hole and Sons, the Burgess Hill millwrights, as a memorial to the writer, and was re-opened to visitors for the first time in 1958.[3] West Sussex County Council had responsibility for the upkeep of the mill which remained in the ownership of the Belloc family.[2] A local committee the Friends of Shipley Windmill opened the mill to visitors until 1986. Major repairs to the mill were required and County Council agreed with the owners to form a charitable trust to manage the mill.

The Shipley Windmill Charitable Trust was formed in 1987 and took over responsibility for the repairs and maintenance. Further restoration work was carried out by Hole's between 1987 and 1990, when the mill re-opened, although with only two sweeps at that time. The second pair of sweeps was fitted in 1991.[3] A new stock was fitted in November 2004.[4] On 7 April 2009, it was announced that the mill was to close to the public as the lease owned by Shipley Mill Charitable Trust only had three years to run and the building needed £80,000 worth of repairs. The mill opened for the 2009 season on 5 April and held its last open day on 19 July.[5] The owners fitted two new pairs of sweeps and a further new stock on 21 June 2013. In 2021, a planning application to convert the engine house to residential use was rejected by Horsham District Council.[6]


King's Mill is a four-storey smock mill on a two-storey brick base. It has four patent sails carried on a cast-iron windshaft. The octagonal conical cap is winded by a fantail. The brake wheel is wood, driving a cast-iron wallower on an oak upright shaft. This carries a cast-iron great spur wheel which drives three pairs of overdrift millstones.[2]

The mill is Grade II* listed.[7]


  • 1879-1884 Friend Martin
  • 1884-1895 Robert Wood
  • 1895-1926 Ernest Powell


Culture and media[edit]

In the BBC television series Jonathan Creek, the mill was the filming location for Creek's home.[9]


  1. ^ "The Sussex windmill where Jonathan Creek lived in the popular BBC TV series". 10 September 2022.
  2. ^ a b c d Brunnarius, Martin (1979). The Windmills of Sussex. Chichester: Philimore. pp. 66–68, 190. ISBN 0-85033-345-8.
  3. ^ a b "History of Shipley Windmill". Shipley Windmill. Retrieved 6 May 2008.
  4. ^ "Shipley windmill, Sussex". Windmill World. Retrieved 6 May 2008.
  5. ^ "Creek windmill to close to public". BBC News Online. 7 April 2009. Retrieved 16 April 2009.
  6. ^ "Plans for home at Jonathan Creek's Shipley windmill turned down". West Sussex County Times. 16 February 2021. Retrieved 22 February 2021.
  7. ^ Historic England. "KINGS WINDMILL (1180806)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 26 June 2015.
  8. ^ "The Horsham Union Workhouse - a history - Page 3 of 7 (Wayback Machine)". Horsham Workhouse. Archived from the original on 14 October 2007. Retrieved 21 May 2008.
  9. ^ "Shipley Windmill". Archived from the original on 23 October 2001.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]