King's X

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

King's X
King's X in 2009
King's X in 2009
Background information
Also known asThe Edge, Sneak Preview
OriginSpringfield, Missouri, U.S.
Years active1979–present
MembersDoug Pinnick
Jerry Gaskill
Ty Tabor
Past membersDan McCollam
Kirk Henderson
(both during The Edge-era)

King's X is an American rock band formed in Springfield, Missouri in 1979. They were first called the Edge and later became Sneak Preview before settling on their current name in 1985.[4] The band's current lineup has remained intact for more than four decades, consisting of vocalist and bassist Doug Pinnick, drummer Jerry Gaskill and guitarist Ty Tabor. Their music combines progressive metal, funk and soul with vocal arrangements influenced by gospel, blues, and British Invasion rock groups. Despite a largely underground reputation as the "musician's musicians", King's X was pivotal in the early development of progressive metal, and produced a series of early records considered essential within the genre.[5][6] The band's lyrics are largely based on the members' struggles with religion and self-acceptance. King's X was ranked No. 83 on VH1's 100 Greatest Artists of Hard Rock.[7]

King's X has released thirteen studio albums, two official live albums, and several independent releases. After signing to Atlantic Records in 1987, they broke into the mainstream with their first six albums, including their only top 100 charting albums Faith Hope Love (1990) and Dogman (1994).[8] The band's most recent studio album, Three Sides of One, was released in 2022 on the InsideOut Music label. Since leaving Atlantic Records, following the release of Ear Candy in 1996, King's X has released albums through Metal Blade Records, InsideOut Music and independently. Each member of the group has recorded several solo albums and has made numerous guest appearances on other artists' albums, as well as participated in numerous compilation projects. Doug Pinnick and Ty Tabor also have many albums released with side bands in which they participate.[7]

Throughout their career the band secured opening slots on arena tours, including opening for bands like Cheap Trick,[9] Iron Maiden, AC/DC, Scorpions, Pearl Jam and Mötley Crüe as well as the Woodstock '94 festival.[10] They continue to tour and perform live.

The spiritual nature of the band's lyrics, particularly on their first four albums, has often led to them being labeled a Christian rock band, a label the members have rejected.[11] King's X have also been cited as an influence or inspiration to numerous acts such as Pearl Jam, Alice in Chains, Soundgarden, The Smashing Pumpkins, Pantera, Dream Theater, Skillet, Devin Townsend, Soil and Echo Code.[12][13][14][15][16]


Early years (1979–1984)[edit]

The group traces its beginnings to 1979 in Springfield, Missouri, when bassist Doug Pinnick and drummer Jerry Gaskill were brought together to take part in a musical project coordinated by Greg X. Volz of the Christian rock band Petra. Within a month of Pinnick's arrival from Illinois, the project folded and he and Gaskill were left without a band. They soon landed a job as rhythm section for guitarist Phil Keaggy's live band. The two toured the country for several months in support of Keaggy's album Ph'lip Side. During the group's show in Springfield, Gaskill was approached by Ty Tabor who was a member of the opening band that night. The drummer for Tabor's band had quit the night before the show and Tabor had volunteered to take over on drums for the gig. However, seeing as he had no drums, he was forced to ask Gaskill if he could borrow his kit for the show. Gaskill obliged and the show went on.[17]

When the tour ended, Pinnick and Gaskill returned to Springfield and set about looking for more work. Gaskill landed a job doing demo work for the Tracy Zinn Band that happened to include Ty Tabor on guitar. The two became friends and were involved off and on together in different musical projects.

In early 1980, Pinnick attended a music show at Evangel College and watched a set by another of Tabor's bands. Pinnick was impressed with Tabor's skills and the two soon began collaborating musically.[18]

Eventually Gaskill, Pinnick, and Tabor decided to pool their talents into a single outlet. Calling themselves the Edge, they initially were a four-piece with the inclusion of Dan McCollam on rhythm guitar. McCollam quit after only a brief time and was replaced by Kirk Henderson, who was a friend of Tabor's from Jackson, Mississippi. The group performed extensively on the Springfield bar and club circuit specializing in classic rock and Top 40 covers at the time.

By 1983, Henderson had quit the band and Pinnick, Tabor, and Gaskill decided to continue on as a trio. They also decided to change the name of the band, and settled on calling themselves Sneak Preview.

The group had been writing and recording many original songs up to this point. They chose ten of these songs to record for an independently released self-titled LP in 1983. After the album's release, the band continued to tour and hone their songwriting skills.

Move to Houston (1985–1987)[edit]

By 1985, the group had made connections at Star Song Records based in Houston, Texas and were encouraged to move the band there. The first order of business for the three was to become part of a touring band for CCM artist Morgan Cryar. Tabor and Pinnick are also credited for co-writing several songs on Cryar's second album Fuel on the Fire in 1986. Tabor also performed some guitar parts on the album and both he and Pinnick are credited with background vocals.

However, when it came to signing Sneak Preview to a recording contract with Star Song, negotiations broke down and the deal came to a halt.

Megaforce era (1988–1991)[edit]

The group released its debut album as King's X, entitled Out of the Silent Planet, in 1988. Despite being hailed by music critics, the album did not fare well commercially, peaking at No. 144 on the Billboard album charts. The songs "King" and "Shot of Love" were released as singles, but failed to garner much attention. The album derives its name from the C. S. Lewis novel Out of the Silent Planet. This appears to be the band's first of multiple references to the British author. King's X promoted Out of the Silent Planet with its first major tour, playing with the likes of Cheap Trick, Blue Öyster Cult, Robert Plant and Hurricane,[19][20] as well as Megaforce labelmates Anthrax, Testament, M.O.D., and Overkill.[21]

In 1989, the band released Gretchen Goes to Nebraska. Considered by many fans to be their landmark album and most creative period, the album fared only slightly better from a commercial standpoint than Out of the Silent Planet. The band played with a wide variety of acts while touring in support of it, including Anthrax, Suicidal Tendencies, M.O.D., Living Colour, Billy Squier and Blue Murder.[21][22][23] The album contains many fan favorites such as "Summerland", "Mission", and "The Burning Down". The song "The Difference (In the Garden of St. Anne's-on-the-Hill)" appears to be another C.S. Lewis reference, this time to a scene in the book That Hideous Strength, third and final installment of the "science-fiction" trilogy begun by Out of the Silent Planet. The song "Pleiades" is credited by Ty Tabor as being the genesis of the King's X sound when he presented the demo to the other band members a few years earlier. Significantly, the song "Over My Head" received moderate airplay on MTV and radio.

The increase in exposure would prove beneficial when the band released their third album, Faith Hope Love, in late 1990. It was the group's first album to crack the U.S. Top 100, with the help of the successful single "It's Love". Another track, the funk-rock "We Were Born to Be Loved", enjoyed a long life on Late Show with David Letterman as a commercial bumper instrumental favorite of Paul Shaffer's CBS Orchestra. King's X was featured in the February 1991 issue of Rolling Stone (RS598).[24] Still, with major mainstream success continuously eluding them, King's X began questioning Sam Taylor's management vision for the group.

The band landed the opening slot for Iron Maiden in Europe on their No Prayer for the Dying tour in late 1990,[25] and AC/DC on their Razors Edge tour in the U.S. and Europe for the first half of 1991.[26] In the middle of that year, their song "Junior's Gone Wild" appeared on the soundtrack to the movie Bill & Ted's Bogus Journey.[27]

Atlantic era (1992–1997)[edit]

The band was moved up to Megaforce's parent label Atlantic Records for the release of their fourth album, King's X, in early 1992. However, rising tensions with Taylor led the band to eschew the upbeat approach of previous albums and turn out a darker, more introspective effort. Unfortunately, despite critical praise, their new style did not translate well among the record-buying public, thus garnering fewer sales than Faith, Hope, Love. "Black Flag", the album's lone single, received only moderate airplay on MTV and radio. Not long after the release of King's X, the band parted ways with Taylor. The details of the split were not made public, but it was believed to be rather bitter. Taylor would admit in 1996 that his company Wilde Silas MusicWorks was growing and, as a result, he was no longer giving King's X, whom he considered "the top dogs," the attention they deserved.[28] In the aftermath, King's X took over a year off to consider their collective future together. The band members followed other, non-musical pursuits; most notably, guitarist Ty Tabor took up semi-professional motocross motorcycle racing.

With grunge at the peak of its popularity, and Pearl Jam's bassist Jeff Ament declaring that "King's X invented grunge"[29] (despite the group's trademark sound being very different from that of the commercially successful grunge acts), the band went looking for a new sound upon their return. They enlisted veteran producer Brendan O'Brien, who had recently produced albums for Stone Temple Pilots and Pearl Jam. The resulting album, 1994's Dogman, showcased a much more muscular and heavy sound from the group, with Pinnick now handling all lead vocals and the lyrics becoming less abstract and spiritual. The record received a heavier promotional push from Atlantic including a compilation promotional CD entitled: Building Blox, as King's X enjoyed a successful tour, capped by an appearance at the Woodstock '94 festival in August. They also toured with bands such as the Scorpions,[30] Pearl Jam,[31] Mötley Crüe[32] and Type O Negative,[33] but despite a return to the Top 100 for the group, the album failed to sell as well as Atlantic had hoped, and the label's support for the group quickly faded.

The band's third release under Atlantic, 1996's Ear Candy, would also be their last for the label (not including a subsequent Best of King's X compilation). Although it sold to the band's sizeable core following, it lacked the relative mainstream success of previous efforts. The record was soon out of print, and it seemed that the group's chance for commercial success had come and gone.

Metal Blade era (1998–2004)[edit]

The group moved to Metal Blade Records in 1998. Their first album under the label, Tape Head, signaled a new era for the band. They modified their creative methods by writing and recording the album together in the studio, rather than coming together to record songs that the individual members had written separately. They also elected not to hire an outside producer and recorded the album at Pinnick's Hound Pound and Tabor's Alien Beans Studios, thus cutting production costs. Their next two albums, Please Come Home... Mr. Bulbous (2000) and Manic Moonlight (2001), were more or less created in the same way.

Manic Moonlight featured the band experimenting with electronic drum loops and other sounds for the first time on a record. The new direction, along with the relatively short length of the album, was generally not well received by longtime fans, but did get some positive critical reviews.

For their next album, 2003's Black Like Sunday, the group arranged and recorded an album of original songs that the band had regularly performed during The Edge and Sneak Preview days of the early 1980s. The cover art for this album was selected from artwork submitted by fans in an online contest.

The double-disc set Live All Over the Place (2004) was the band's final album for Metal Blade Records, and their first official live release.

Inside Out era (2005–present)[edit]

The band in 2018
(L to R: Gaskill, Pinnick and Tabor)

In 2005, King's X signed to InsideOut Music, the label that had previously released some of Tabor's side projects. The album Ogre Tones was released in September 2005 and was described by many as a return to a more "classic" King's X sound. It was produced by famed rock producer Michael Wagener (Dokken, Extreme, Stryper, White Lion, Skid Row) and recorded at Wageners Wire-World Studios in Nashville, Tennessee. The tour for Ogre Tones featured the band playing every song from the album during shows.

King's X again worked with Michael Wagener on its second album for InsideOut Music titled XV, released in May 2008. They spent mid-2008 touring with the band Extreme as part of a travelling version of the Rock 'n Roll Fantasy Camp.[34] Live dates in the U.S. in December 2008 were followed by the band's first European tour in several years in early 2009.

Molken Music, an independent label started by Wally Farkas (ex- Galactic Cowboys) in 2005, has released several titles by King's X and its members. Live & Live Some More, a live concert recorded during the Dogman tour, is available there as well as demo compilations, rehearsal tapes, and other items. The label released the band's first live DVD, Gretchen Goes to London in November 2008. It was a live concert filmed in London in 1990.[35] On January 22, 2009, their concert at the Electric Ballroom in Camden, London, was filmed and released as a live DVD and CD entitled Live Love in London.[36]

On February 26, 2012, the 55-year-old Jerry Gaskill suffered a major heart attack, temporarily stopping the band's touring schedule. He was on a ventilator for several days while also suffering from pneumonia.[37] In response, King's X compiled an exclusive live release from their archives entitled Burning Down Boston: Live at The Channel 6.12.91.[38] The proceeds from the release went directly to Gaskill to help him offset his medical expenses. Gaskill posted a video message on Facebook on April 4, 2012, thanking everyone who had supported him during his illness.

The band went back to touring until Gaskill suffered another heart attack while recovering from a "scheduled minor procedure" on September 12, 2014, requiring him to undergo double-bypass surgery. King's X subsequently canceled all scheduled concerts, and announced an indefinite hiatus.[39][non-primary source needed]

In mid-2015, the band was back on tour, playing numerous dates on the east coast. They also played shows for July in Texas. In June 2015, Doug Pinnick announced that King's X were committed to begin work on a new studio album, their first since 2008's XV.[40] The band signed a world-wide record deal on October 8, 2018, with Australian independent record label, Golden Robot Records, who had planned to release their new album in the U.S, Australia and Europe sometime in 2019;[41] however, the project's release had faced myriad delays within the next few years, due to COVID-related manufacturing issues as well as the slow progress of the band working on the album,[42][43][44][45] which had been mastered by April 2022.[46] A month later, it was announced that King's X had signed again to Inside Out/Sony Music and their new album would be released on September 2, 2022.[47] The band revealed Three Sides of One as the album's title on June 24, 2022; released on September 2 of that year, three singles were released to support Three Sides of One: "Let It Rain",[48] "Give It Up",[49] and "All God's Children".[50] Although Pinnick had initially stated that Three Side of One could be King's X's final studio album,[51] he mentioned in an August 2022 interview that there are numerous songs that did not make the cut and could be used for the band's next album: "Ty came in with four, Jerry came in with three, and I came in with 27." He added, "We would play one of mine, one of Ty's, and one of Jerry's, then do another round. Ty wanted to keep going until they ran out. We needed more songs, so we played more of mine. We recorded ten of my songs, and only some of them got on the record. We knew some of those weren't quite ready, and we had enough songs. Maybe we'll put them on the next record. I still have about 30 songs. I know Ty and Jerry both have some more songs to use on the next record."[52]

An authorized biography by Greg Prato, King's X: The Oral History, via Jawbone Press was released in February 2019.[53] In addition to extensive interviews with all three band members, the book included interviews with such rock musicians as Jeff Ament, Andy Summers, Mick Mars, Billy Corgan, and Eddie Trunk among others, and featured a foreword by Scott Ian.

Solo and side projects[edit]

The members of King's X have been musically prolific since the separation from Atlantic in 1997, releasing a number of solo albums and participating in side bands.

Doug Pinnick[edit]

Pinnick recorded two solo albums under the name of Poundhound, Massive Grooves... (1997) and Pineappleskunk (2001), while his subsequent releases Emotional Animal (2005), Strum Sum Up (2007) and Naked (2013) were credited as dUg Pinnick.

He has also been a member of several bands outside of King's X:

  • Supershine featuring guitarist Bruce Franklin and drummer Jeff Olson both from the band Trouble. They released one self-titled album in 2000.
  • The Mob featuring Reb Beach from Winger, Kelly Keagy from Night Ranger, and keyboardist Timothy Drury. They released a self-titled album in 2006.
  • Razr13 is a project with members of the King's X road crew who released the album Reflections in 2009.
  • Tres Mtns. with Jeff Ament of Pearl Jam and drummer Richard Stuverud released an album in 2011.
  • Pinnick Gales Pridgen with Eric Gales and Thomas Pridgen released their debut album in 2013 and the follow-up album PGP 2 in July 2014.
  • 3rd Ear Experience with vocalist/guitarist Robbi Robb released the digital EP Peacock Black in 2013 followed by the full-length album Boi
  • KXM featuring guitarist George Lynch and drummer Ray Luzier
  • Grinder Blues with Jeff and Scot Bihlman released their self-titled debut album in 2014.

Pinnick has also made numerous guest appearances on albums by bands including Dream Theater, 24-7 Spyz, Steve Stevens, Metal Allegiance and others. Beyond that he has appeared on several tribute albums to the likes of Metallica, AC/DC, Van Halen and more.

In August 2006, Pinnick stood in for lead singer Corey Glover on Living Colour's European tour.

Jerry Gaskill[edit]

Gaskill released a solo album in 2004 titled Come Somewhere which was produced by Ty Tabor.

He released his second solo album, Love and Scars, on October 30, 2015, which was produced by DA Karkos.[54]

He also played drums on the entire Let It Go album by Galactic Cowboys in 2000.

Ty Tabor[edit]

Tabor has released seven solo albums to date: Naomi's Solar Pumpkin (1997), Moonflower Lane (1998), Safety (2002), Rock Garden (2006), Balance (2008), Something's Coming (2010), Trip Magnet EP (2010), Nobody Wins When Nobody Plays (2013), Alien Beans (2018), and Angry Monk (2020).

Other bands Ty Tabor has been a member of are:

Like Doug Pinnick, Tabor has appeared on several albums as a guest performer by bands such as Ayreon, Lillian Axe, Queensrÿche and others.

Religious views[edit]

All three members of King's X came from a background in Christianity and Christian rock (and, in Pinnick's case, church gospel singing) and have frequently been associated with the genre. This assumption has been reinforced by the Christian associations of the band's name, by the fact that King's X signed to Christian labels early in their career[29] and because the Faith Hope Love CD insert contained an entire chapter of the Bible.[27] However, the band have persistently resisted being identified or pigeonholed as a Christian rock or Christian metal band.[55]

While many of their early lyrics have a clear spiritual influence, this came from the individual faith of the members rather than an explicit attempt to tap into the contemporary Christian music market in the way groups such as Petra did.[27] Initially, many King's X albums were marketed through Christian book stores, but most of these stores refused to sell them following Pinnick's 1998 announcement of his homosexuality. Even at the time, the band welcomed this development as an opportunity to get away from the Christian rock "stigma".[56][57]

A former Protestant, Pinnick has since openly discussed his agnosticism and his belief that Jesus Christ was not truly the Son of God.[58] Gaskill has also disassociated himself from Christianity. During interviews in the early 2000s, Tabor continued to identify as a Christian, but referred to the Christian music industry as "vile".[59][60]

In an interview in late 2021, Pinnick stated "For some reason, King’s X [was considered] a Christian band. Maybe because that was our faith at the time; none of us are any more."[61]

Band members[edit]

Current members

  • Jerry Gaskill – drums, percussion, backing and lead vocals (1979–present)
  • Doug Pinnick – bass guitar, lead and backing vocals (1979–present)
  • Ty Tabor – lead and rhythm guitar, backing and lead vocals (1980–present)

Former members

  • Dan McCollam – rhythm guitar, backing vocals (1980)
  • Kirk Henderson – rhythm guitar, backing vocals (1980–1983)


Studio albums[edit]

Year Album US
US Christian US Indie UK
1983 Sneak Preview (as Sneak Preview)
1988 Out of the Silent Planet 144
1989 Gretchen Goes to Nebraska 123 52
1990 Faith Hope Love 85 31 70
1992 King's X 138 46
1994 Dogman 88 49
1996 Ear Candy 105 4
1998 Tape Head
2000 Please Come Home... Mr. Bulbous
2001 Manic Moonlight 19
2003 Black Like Sunday 13
2005 Ogre Tones 30
2008 XV 145 167 12
2022 Three Sides of One

Live albums[edit]

Year Album
2004 Live All Over the Place
2007 Live & Live Some More
2009 Tales from the Empire[63][64]
2010 Live Love in London
2012 Burning Down Boston[38][65]

Compilation albums[edit]

Year Album
1997 Best of King's X
2023 In the New Age: The Atlantic Recordings 1988–1995


Year Song US Rock
1988 "Goldilox"[67] Out of the Silent Planet
"Shot of Love"
1989 "Over My Head"[67] Gretchen Goes to Nebraska
1990 "It's Love"[68] 6 Faith Hope Love
"I'll Never Get Tired of You"[68]
"We Are Finding Who We Are"[69]
1991 "Junior's Gone Wild"[67] Bill & Ted's Bogus Journey: Music from the Motion Picture
1992 "Black Flag"[68] 17 King's X
"Dream in My Life"[68]
"World Around Me"[67]
1994 "Dogman"[68] 20 Dogman
"Fool You"[70]
1996 "Sometime"[68] Ear Candy
"A Box"[68]
"Looking for Love"[68]
1998 "Fade"[68] Tape Head
2000 "Marsh Mellow Field"[71] Please Come Home... Mr. Bulbous
2001 "False Alarm"[67] Manic Moonlight
2005 "If"/"Alone"[68] 40 Ogre Tones
2022 "Let It Rain" Three Sides of One
"Give It Up"


  • Gretchen Goes to London (2008 Molken Music)
  • Live Love in London (2010 Inside Out/EMI)


  1. ^ "KING'S X Drummer In Stable Condition After Suffering Heart Attack". Blabbermouth.Net. Retrieved May 8, 2013.
  2. ^ "King'S X, Ex-The Mars Volta Members Unite In Pinnick Gales Pridgen". Blabbermouth.Net. Retrieved May 8, 2013.
  3. ^ Music drives Metro commuters Tunes change with trip's time, task and traffic "Aerosmith's a must. And Cheap Trick and King's X (a new alternative metal group)." Toronto Star, January 16, 1993. Retrieved May 7, 2013. (subscription required)
  4. ^ "Everynight Charley's Manhattan Beat: King's X, RavenEye, The Bloodshots & More". The Aquarian Weekly. Retrieved October 11, 2021.
  5. ^ Everley, Dave (April 27, 2017). "Coulda, shoulda, didn't: Why did Kings X never make it big?". Classic Rock Magazine. Retrieved May 22, 2019.
  6. ^ Shteamer, Hank (February 26, 2019). "Offbeat Rock Trailblazers King's X Get a Book Worthy of Their Unique Saga". Rolling Stone. Retrieved May 22, 2019.
  7. ^ a b "King's X Biography". Starpulse.
  8. ^ a b "King's X – Chart History". Retrieved December 30, 2020.
  9. ^ "dUg in Deep: With Pinnick Gales Pridgen, King's X & Numerous Side Projects Firing on All Cylinders, dUg Pinnick's Star Has Risen at Last". Retrieved November 25, 2018.
  10. ^ Prato, Greg. "King's X Biography". AllMusic.
  11. ^ "KING'S X Guitarist: We Are 'Absolutely Not' A Christian Rock Band". Blabbermouth. September 19, 2005.
  12. ^ "Really Heavy Things: Devin Townsend's Favourite Albums". The Quietus. Retrieved April 23, 2020.
  13. ^ "Authorized Biography Of KING'S X Due In February". December 17, 2018. Retrieved July 19, 2020.
  14. ^ "Interview – King's X". musicOMH. August 2, 2005. Retrieved July 19, 2020.
  15. ^ "Dream Theater – Six Degrees of Inner Turbulence". Archived from the original on May 23, 2018. Retrieved July 19, 2020.
  16. ^ "SOiL Guitarist Shaun Glass: "Sometimes We Get Compared To METALLICA Or PANTERA"". Brave Words. Retrieved July 19, 2020.
  17. ^ Prato, Greg (February 26, 2019). King's X: The Oral History. Jawbone Press. pp. 18–21. ISBN 978-1-911036-43-2.
  18. ^ Mickie, Naughty. "King's X still serves it up hot". DaBelly. Archived from the original on October 24, 2021. Retrieved November 29, 2007.
  19. ^ Pacenti, John (September 13, 1989). "Majesty Mystery Tour". Phoenix New Times. Retrieved July 19, 2020.
  20. ^ "King's X: Debut Album 'Out of the Silent Planet' Turns 30". Innocent Words. March 28, 2020. Retrieved July 19, 2020.
  21. ^ a b "Anthrax Tour Dates". Retrieved May 26, 2016.
  22. ^ "Suicidal Tendencies Tour Dates". Retrieved May 26, 2016.
  23. ^ "King's X tour dates". Retrieved May 26, 2016.
  24. ^ "King's X Keeps the Faith". Rolling Stone. February 21, 1991. Retrieved February 9, 2018.
  25. ^ No Prayer On The Road 1990–91. The Iron Maiden Commentary. Retrieved May 26, 2016.
  26. ^ "1991 "The Razors Edge" European Tour, Leg 1". Retrieved May 14, 2021.
  27. ^ a b c Powell, Mark Allan (2002). Encyclopedia of Contemporary Christian Music (First printing ed.). Peabody, Massachusetts: Hendrickson Publishers. pp. 489–493. ISBN 1-56563-679-1.
  28. ^ Hobart, Rowland The Resurrection of Sam Taylor Houston Press (May 16, 1996). Retrieved January 16, 2011.
  29. ^ a b Lawson, Steve (October 16, 2007). "Doug Pinnick interview from March 1999". Archived from the original on March 2, 2008. Retrieved January 15, 2008.
  30. ^ "". Retrieved February 9, 2018.
  31. ^ "King's X Drummer Remembers Pearl Jam's 'Historic' 1994 Tour -". Retrieved February 9, 2018.
  32. ^ " Mötley Crüe tour dates". Retrieved February 9, 2018.
  33. ^ " Type O Negative tour dates". Retrieved February 9, 2018.
  34. ^ "King's X Enjoys Best Album Chart Debut Since '96". Billboard. Retrieved August 18, 2017.
  35. ^ "New King's X DVD November 22nd! "". November 3, 2008. Retrieved November 19, 2008.
  36. ^ "Live Love in London". AllMusic. Retrieved May 14, 2021.
  37. ^ Gray, Chris "King's X Drummer Jerry Gaskill Has Heart Attack". Houston Press. February 26, 2012. Retrieved February 29, 2012.
  38. ^ a b "King's X Set Up Donation for Ailing Drummer". Rolling Stone. Retrieved March 13, 2012.
  39. ^ "Jerry Gaskill Suffers Heart Attack Following Minor Procedure". Facebook. September 12, 2014. Archived from the original on February 26, 2022. Retrieved September 12, 2014.
  41. ^ "King's X to Release New Album in 2019". October 8, 2018. Retrieved October 14, 2018.
  42. ^ "DOUG PINNICK On Upcoming KING'S X Album: 'Each Song Is Drastically Different'". November 2, 2019. Retrieved January 23, 2020.
  43. ^ "KING'S X Won't Release New Album Until Band Can Tour To Promote It". April 24, 2021. Retrieved April 25, 2021.
  44. ^ "KING'S X's New Album To Arrive In 2022: 'We Wanna Do This Right,' Says DOUG PINNICK". October 11, 2021. Retrieved November 28, 2021.
  45. ^ "KING'S X Is Working On Artwork For Upcoming Studio Album". November 29, 2021. Retrieved November 29, 2021.
  46. ^ "King's X – New Album Ready To Be Released This Autumn". Metal Storm. April 27, 2022. Retrieved April 27, 2022.
  47. ^ "KING'S X's New Album Gets Official Release Date". May 5, 2022. Retrieved May 5, 2022.
  48. ^ "KING'S X Announces First Studio Album In 14 Years, 'Three Sides Of One', Shares 'Let It Rain' Single". June 24, 2022. Retrieved June 24, 2022.
  49. ^ "KING'S X Releases New Single 'Give It Up' From 'Three Sides Of One' Album". July 27, 2022. Retrieved August 1, 2022.
  50. ^ "KING'S X Releases New Single 'All God's Children' From 'Three Sides Of One' Album". August 26, 2022.
  51. ^ "King's X – New Album on Hold".
  52. ^ "King's X's Doug Pinnick Addresses 14-Year Gap Between 'XV' and 'Three Sides of One', Reveals Plans for Follow-Up Album".
  53. ^ Prato, Greg (February 19, 2019). King's X: The Oral History. Jawbone Press. ISBN 978-1911036432.
  54. ^ "KING'S X Drummer JERRY GASKILL Releases Love And Scars Track-By-Track Part 1; Video". Retrieved November 14, 2015.
  55. ^ (September 19, 2005). KING'S X Guitarist: We Are 'Absolutely Not' A Christian Rock Band Archived March 12, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved August 21, 2010.
  56. ^ Bacote, Vincent (Winter 1999). "While Pinnick Seeks Answers." 5 (1). Regeneration Quarterly. Archived from the original on August 30, 2008. Retrieved December 14, 2007. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  57. ^ Harward, Randy (March 2002). "Say You Want an Evolution: In King's X". Salt Lake City Weekly. Sonic Garden. Archived from the original on October 16, 2007. Retrieved January 15, 2008.
  58. ^ Doug Pinnick of King's X From Out of Nowhere (2006). Retrieved January 15, 2011.
  59. ^ "In Music We Trust – INTERVIEW: King's X: Say You Want an Evolution: In King's X, "X" Doesn't Necessarily Mark the Spot". Retrieved May 28, 2016.
  60. ^ "King's X Guitarist: We Are 'Absolutely Not' A Christian Rock Band -". BLABBERMOUTH.NET. September 19, 2005. Retrieved May 28, 2016.
  61. ^ Dug Pinnick on Kings X, writing songs using mathematics, and the stigma of Christianity – interview in Loudersound by Dave Sinclair, 30 November 2021
  62. ^ Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 303. ISBN 1-904994-10-5.
  63. ^ King's X – "Tales from the Empire: Cleveland 6.26.92" Retrieved March 14, 2012.
  64. ^ "King's X releases new surprise live CD with DVD to follow!". December 19, 2009. Archived from the original on February 11, 2012. Retrieved March 14, 2012.
  65. ^ Exclusive King's X Download to Benefit Drummer Jerry Gaskill Retrieved March 11, 2012.
  66. ^ "King's X – Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved December 14, 2012.
  67. ^ a b c d e "King's X". discogs. Retrieved May 28, 2016.
  68. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Albums by King's X: Discography, songs, biography, and listening guide – Rate Your Music".
  69. ^ "King's X We Are Finding Who We Are (Single)- Spirit of Metal Webzine (en)".
  70. ^ "King's X Fool You (Single)- Spirit of Metal Webzine (en)".
  71. ^ "Heavy Metal and Hard Rock News 2000". Archived from the original on August 13, 2014.

External links[edit]