Birr (UK Parliament constituency)

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King's County Birr
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
18851918
Number of members one
Replaced by King's County
Created from King's County

Birr, a division of King's County, was a UK Parliament constituency in Ireland, returning one Member of Parliament 1885–1918.

Prior to the United Kingdom general election, 1885 and after the dissolution of Parliament in 1918 the area was part of the King's County constituency.

Boundaries[edit]

This constituency comprised the south-western part of King's County now known as County Offaly. It consisted of the baronies of Ballycowan, Ballyboy and Eglish, Ballybritt, Clonlisk and Garrycastle.[1]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member Party
1885 Bernard Charles Molloy Irish Parliamentary Party
1892 Anti-Parnellite Nationalist
1900 Michael Reddy Irish Parliamentary Party
1918 Constituency merged into King's County

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1885: Birr[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Parliamentary Bernard Charles Molloy 3,408 81.8 N/A
Irish Conservative Thomas Scroope Wellesley Bernard 760 18.2 N/A
Majority 2,648 63.5 N/A
Turnout 4,168 79.6 N/A
Registered electors 5,236
Irish Parliamentary win (new seat)
General Election 1886: Birr[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Parliamentary Bernard Charles Molloy 3,266 82.1 +0.3
Irish Unionist Thomas Scroope Wellesley Bernard 711 17.9 −0.3
Majority 2,555 64.2 +0.7
Turnout 3,977 76.0 −3.6
Registered electors 5,236
Irish Parliamentary hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1892: Birr[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish National Federation Bernard Charles Molloy 3,279 83.0 +0.9
Irish Unionist William Thomas Trench 670 17.0 −0.9
Majority 2,609 66.1 +1.9
Turnout 3,949 75.2 −0.8
Registered electors 5,253
Irish National Federation gain from Irish Parliamentary Swing +0.9
General Election 1895: Birr[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish National Federation Bernard Charles Molloy Unopposed
Registered electors 5,003
Irish National Federation hold

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1900: Birr[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Parliamentary Michael Reddy 1,451 55.1 N/A
Healyite Nationalist Bernard Charles Molloy 1,181 44.9 N/A
Majority 270 10.3 N/A
Turnout 2,632 54.9 N/A
Registered electors 4,792
Irish Parliamentary hold Swing N/A
General Election 1906: Birr[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Parliamentary Michael Reddy Unopposed
Registered electors 4,512
Irish Parliamentary hold

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election January 1910: Birr[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Parliamentary Michael Reddy Unopposed
Registered electors 4,410
Irish Parliamentary hold
General Election December 1910: Birr[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Parliamentary Michael Reddy 2,123 77.3 N/A
Independent Nationalist Frederick Ryan 624 22.7 N/A
Majority 1,499 54.6 N/A
Turnout 2,747 62.3 N/A
Registered electors 4,410
Irish Parliamentary hold Swing N/A

References[edit]

  1. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Branch (Dean and Son, 1896) page 217.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Walker, B.M., ed. (1978). Parliamentary Election Results in Ireland, 1801-1922. Dublin: Royal Irish Academy. ISBN 0901714127.