King's Wood and Urchin Wood SSSI

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
King's Wood and Urchin Wood
Site of Special Scientific Interest
King's Wood - typical scenery - geograph.org.uk - 87577.jpg
King's Wood and Urchin Wood SSSI is located in Somerset
King's Wood and Urchin Wood SSSI
Location within Somerset
Area of Search Avon
Grid reference ST454645
Coordinates 51°22′37″N 2°47′09″W / 51.37691°N 2.78586°W / 51.37691; -2.78586Coordinates: 51°22′37″N 2°47′09″W / 51.37691°N 2.78586°W / 51.37691; -2.78586
Interest Biological
Area 128.1 hectares (1.281 km2; 0.495 sq mi)
Notification 1990 (1990)
Natural England website

King's Wood and Urchin Wood SSSI (grid reference ST454645) is a 128.1 hectare biological Site of Special Scientific Interest near the villages of Cleeve and Congresbury, North Somerset, notified in 1990.

The site has long been renowned for its botanical interest and records date back to the County Flora of 1893. The woodland supports a particularly high diversity of vascular plants, including populations of the nationally rare plant Purple Gromwell (Lithospermum purpurocaeruleum) and the scarce Angular Solomon’s seal (Polygonatum odoratum).[1]

Large areas of King’s Wood were replanted during the 1960s with beech Fagus sylvatica and a variety of conifer species including Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii), Lawson’s cypress (Chamaecyparis lawsoniana) and Norway spruce (Picea abies) . These crop trees have, however, largely been unsuccessful and the replanted areas are now being overtaken by hardwoods.[1]

King’s Wood supports nationally important populations of the rare and endangered greater horseshoe bat (Rhinolophus ferrumequinum) and dormice (Muscardinus avellanarius), and a nationally scarce Chrysomelid beetle (Clytra quadripunctata).[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c English Nature citation sheet for the site . Retrieved 19 July 2006.