King Cheng of Chu

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Xiong Yun
King of Chu
Zheng Mao.png
Qing Dynasty woodblock print showing King Cheng with Zheng Mao.
Reign 671–626 BC
Full name
Posthumous name
King Cheng of Chu

King Cheng of Chu (Chinese: 楚成王; pinyin: Chǔ Chéng Wáng, died 626 BC) was from 671 to 626 BC king of the state of Chu during the Spring and Autumn period of ancient China. He was born Xiong Yun (Chinese: 熊惲) to King Wen of Chu, and King Cheng was his posthumous title.[1]

In 672 BC Xiong Yun's older brother king Du'ao tried to kill him, and he escaped to the state of Sui. He then attacked and killed Du'ao with the help of Sui, and succeeded Du'ao as king of Chu.[1]

In the summer of 648 BC, the State of Huang was annexed by the state of Chu.[2]

King Cheng's wife was Zheng Mao.[3] Their son was possibly King Mu of Chu.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Sima Qian. "楚世家 (House of Chu)". Records of the Grand Historian (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 10 March 2012. Retrieved 1 March 2012. 
  2. ^ "5.僖公 BOOK V. DUKE XI". The Institute for Advanced Technology in the Humanities (in Traditional Chinese). Translated by James Legge (with modifications from Andrew Miller). The Institute for Advanced Technology in the Humanities. Retrieved 28 March 2018. from Zuo zhuan, twelfth year of Duke Xi of Lu《左傳·僖公十二年》: "黃人恃諸侯之睦于齊也,不共楚職,曰,自郢及我,九百里,焉能害我。夏,楚滅黃。 'The people of Huang, relying on the friendship of the States with Qi, did not render the tribute which was due from them to Chu, saying "From Ying [the capital of Chu] to us is 900 li; what harm can Chu do to us?" This summer, Chu extinguished Huang." 
  3. ^ Hong Lee and Stefanowsky (2007). Biographical dictionary of Chinese women: antiquity through Sui, 1600 B.C.E.-618 C.E. M.E. Sharpe, Inc. 
King Cheng of Chu
 Died: 626 BC
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Du'ao
King of Chu
671–626 BC
Succeeded by
King Mu of Chu