King Cheng of Zhou

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
King Cheng of Zhou
King Cheng of Zhou.jpg
King of China[1]
Reign 1042–1021 BCE
Predecessor King Wu of Zhou[2][3]
Successor King Kang of Zhou
Died 1021 BCE
Issue King Kang of Zhou[4]
Full name
Ancestral name: (姬)
Given name: Sòng (誦)
House Zhou Dynasty[5]
Father King Wu of Zhou
Mother Yi Jiang (邑姜), daughter of Jiang Ziya

King Cheng of Zhou (Chinese: 周成王; pinyin: Zhōu Chéng Wáng; Wade–Giles: Chou Ch'eng Wang) or King Ch'eng of Chou was the second king of the Chinese Zhou Dynasty. The dates of his reign are 1042-1021 BCE or 1042/35-1006 BCE.[6] His parents were King Wu of Zhou and Queen Yi Jiang (邑姜).[7]

King Cheng was young when he ascended the throne. His uncle, Duke of Zhou, fearing that Shang forces might rise again under the possible weak rule of a young ruler, became the regent and supervised government affairs for several years. Duke of Zhou established the eastern capital at Luoyang, and later defeated a rebellion by Cheng’s uncles[8] Cai Shu, Guan Shu and Huo Shu.[9][10]

King Cheng later stabilized Zhou Dynasty’s border by defeating several barbarian tribes along with the Duke of Zhou.


  1. ^ Cutter, Robert Joe (1989), "Brocade and Blood: The Cockfight in Chinese and English Poetry", Journal of the American Oriental Society, 109 (1): 1–16, doi:10.2307/604332 
  2. ^ Chin, Annping. (2007). The Authentic Confucius. Scribner. ISBN 0-7432-4618-7
  3. ^ Keay, John (2009). China A History. Harper Press. ISBN 978-0-00-722178-3. 
  4. ^ Sima Qian. Records of the Grand Historian. 4. 
  5. ^ Chin, Annping. (2007). The Authentic Confucius. Scrubner. ISBN 0-7432-4618-7
  6. ^ Cambridge History of Ancient China. 
  7. ^ Book of Rites, Tan Gong I, 1. Accessed 4 Nov 2012.
  8. ^ Edward L. Shaughnessy in Cambridge History of Ancient China, page 311.
  9. ^ Confucius & Confucianism: The Essentials by Lee Dian Rainey
  10. ^ Hucker, Charles O. (1978). China to 1850: a short history. Stanford University Press. ISBN 0-8047-0958-0
King Cheng of Zhou
Died: 1021 BC
Regnal titles
Preceded by
King Wu of Zhou
King of China
1042–1021 BC
Succeeded by
King Kang of Zhou