King Ezana's Stele

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King Ezana's Stele
Aksum, stele 3 detta di re ezana, l'unica mai crollata 04.jpg
King Ezana's Stele
Coordinates14°07′56″N 38°43′10″E / 14.1321°N 38.7195°E / 14.1321; 38.7195Coordinates: 14°07′56″N 38°43′10″E / 14.1321°N 38.7195°E / 14.1321; 38.7195
LocationAxum, Tigray Region, Ethiopia
TypeAksumite stele
Materialstone
Height21 m (69 ft)
Completion date4th century AD
Dedicated toEzana of Axum

King Ezana's Stele is an obelisk in the ancient city of Axum, in the Tigray Region of Ethiopia. The monument stands in the middle of the Northern Stelae Park, which contains hundreds of smaller and less decorated stelae. This stele is probably the last one erected and the largest of those that remain unbroken. King Ezana of Axum's Stele stands 21 m (69 ft) tall, smaller than the collapsed 33 m (108 ft) Great Stele and the better-known 24 m (79 ft) "Obelisk of Axum" (reassembled and unveiled on September 4, 2008). It is decorated with a false door at its base and apertures resembling windows on all sides.

History[edit]

The Northern Stelae Park in Axum in 2002, with King Ezana's Stele at the middle and the Great Stela lying broken. (The Obelisk of Axum was returned later.)

This monument, properly termed a stele (hawilt or hawilti in the local Afroasiatic language) was carved and erected in the 4th century by subjects of the Kingdom of Aksum, an ancient civilization focussed in the Ethiopian and Eritrean highlands. The stelae are thought to be "markers" for underground burial chambers. The largest grave markers were for royal burial chambers and were decorated with multi-story false windows and false doors; nobility would have smaller, less decorated stelae. King Ezana's Stele is likely to be the last example of this practice, which was abandoned after the Axumites adopted Christianity under King Ezana. Ezana was the first monarch of Axum to embrace the faith, following the teachings and examples of his childhood tutor, Frumentius. King Ezana's Stele is also the only one of the three major "royal" obelisks (the others being the Great Stele and the Obelisk of Axum) that was never broken.

In 2007–2008, during the reassembly of the Obelisk of Axum, which had been taken to Italy in 1937 and returned to Ethiopia in 2005,[1] King Ezana's Stela was structurally consolidated by a team of engineers led by Giorgio Croci, Professor of Structural Problems of Monuments and Historical Buildings at Sapienza University of Rome.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Obelisk arrives back in Ethiopia BBC website, originally published 19 April 2005
  • Sienkewicz, Thomas J. (2002). Encyclopedia of the Ancient World. ISBN 9780893560386. Retrieved 27 September 2014.