King Hedley II
|King Hedley II|
|Written by||August Wilson|
|Date premiered||December 11, 1999|
|Place premiered||Pittsburgh Public Theater|
|Series||The Pittsburgh Cycle|
|Subject||a man's salvation and a quest for redemption for a family and a people|
|Setting||The Hill District, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 1985|
King Hedley II premiered at the Pittsburgh Public Theater in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, on December 11, 1999, and played a number of other regional theaters, including Seattle, Boston, Los Angeles, Chicago, and Washington before its Broadway engagement.
The play opened on Broadway at the Virginia Theatre on May 1, 2001 and closed on July 1, 2001, after 72 performances and 24 previews. Directed by Marion McClinton, the cast featured Brian Stokes Mitchell (King), Leslie Uggams (Ruby), Charles Brown (Elmore), Viola Davis (Tonya), Stephen McKinley Henderson (Stool Pigeon), and Monté Russell (Mister).
King Hedley II is the ninth play in August Wilson’s ten-play cycle that, decade by decade, examines African American life in the United States during the twentieth century. Set in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania in 1985, it tells the story of an ex-con in Pittsburgh trying to rebuild his life. The play has been described as one of Wilson's darkest, telling the tale of a man trying to save $10,000 by selling stolen refrigerators so that he can buy a video store, as well as revisiting stories of other characters initially presented in Seven Guitars.
Hedley’s wish, now that he has returned to Pittsburgh from prison, is to support himself by selling refrigerators and to start a family. Set during the Reagan administration, the play comments critically on the supply-side economics theories of the day, examining whether their stated aim of providing trickle-down benefits to all Americans truly improved the lot of urban African Americans.
- King Hedley II
- Tonya, King Hedley II's wife
- Ruby, King Hedley II's mother
- Elmore, a southern hustler (and former boyfriend of Ruby)
- Mister, friend
- Stool Pigeon, a wise man and a prophet
Notes on characters
King Hedley II draws "on characters established in Seven Guitars, King Hedley II shows the shadows of the past reaching into the present." Some of the characters presented earlier include King Hedley II, "the spiritual son of King Hedley from Seven Guitars and Stool Pigeon, a "sixty-five year old harmonica player...now a newspaper-collecting history carrier". The character of Ruby was a "vivacious young newcomer to Pittsburgh" in Seven Guitars but in King Hedley II is "...overcome with worry and regret...". Mister is Red Carter's son.
Awards and nominations
- 2001 Broadway
- Pulitzer Prize for Drama (2000 finalist)
- Tony Award for Best Play (nomination)
- Tony Award, Best Actor in a Play (Brian Stokes Mitchell)(nomination)
- Tony Award, Best Actress in a Play (Leslie Uggams) (nomination)
- Tony Award, Best Featured Actor in a Play (Charles Brown)(nomination)
- Tony Award, Best Featured Actress in a Play, (Viola Davis) (WINNER)
- Tony Award, Best Direction of a Play (Marion McClinton) (nomination)
- Drama Desk Award for Best Play (nomination)
- Drama Desk Award Outstanding Actor in a Play (Mitchell) (nomination)
- Drama Desk Award Outstanding Featured Actor in a Play (Brown) (nomination)
- Drama Desk Award Outstanding Featured Actress in a Play (Davis) (WINNER)
- Drama Desk Award Outstanding Set Design of a Play (David Gallo) (nomination)
- 2007 Off-Broadway
- Audelco Award Dramatic Production of the Year (nomination)
- Lucille Lortel Award for Outstanding Revival (nomination)
- Finkle, David."Acting 'King Hedley II': 'It Just Makes You Soar'"The New York Times, June 3, 2001.
- Isherwood, Charles."At War With Ghosts and History"The New York Times, March 12, 2007.
- "Overview" samuelfrench.com, accessed March 2, 2019
- " King Hedley II, 2000" huntingtontheatre.org, accessed March 2, 2019
- Maley, Patrick. "'King Hedley II' is a dark play handled with care in Red Bank: review" nj.com, November 26, 2018
- Wilson, August (2005). King Hedley II (First ed.). New York: Theatre Communications Group. ISBN 1-55936-261-8.