King Hui of Wei

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
King Hui of Wei
King of Wei
Reign344–319 BC
PredecessorNew title
SuccessorKing Xiang
Marquess of Wei
Reign369–344 BC
PredecessorMarquess Wu
SuccessorCrown as the king
Born400 BCE
Died319 BCE
IssueCrown Prince Shen
King Xiang of Wei
Prince He
Names
Ancestral name: (姬)
Lineage name: Wèi (魏)
Given name: Yīng (罃 or 嬰)
Posthumous name
King Hui (惠王)
King Wenhui (文惠王)
King Huicheng (惠成王)
FatherMarquess Wu of Wei
Chinese name
Chinese魏惠王

King Hui of Wei (Chinese: 魏惠王; 400–319 BC), originally called Marquis Hui of Wei, and after 344,[citation needed] King Hui of Liang (Chinese: 梁惠王)[1] was the third ruler of the state of Wei during the Warring States period,[citation needed] ruling from approximately 369–319 BC.[1] He was a grandson of Marquess Wen of Wei, the founder of the state, and a son of Marquess Wu of Wei.[citation needed] He was succeeded by his son, King Xiang of Wei.[1]

He came to the throne after a war of succession during which his state was nearly partitioned by Zhao and Han. For his wars and eventual defeat by Qi and Qin in 340, see Warring States period.[citation needed]

He is notable for four policies:[2]

  1. In 361, he moved the capital from Anyi to Daliang to get it out of the reach of Qin. Anyi was on the plateau south of the Fen River not far from where the Fen River and Wei River join the Yellow River. Daliang was to the far southeast of the state near the border with Song. Thereafter, the state was briefly called Liang.
  2. in 362-359, he made exchanges of territory with Zhao to the north and Han to the south. This gave Wei more rational borders, secured the new capital and gave Wei more control over trade routes.
  3. In 361-355, he held several face-to-face meetings with the rulers of the neighboring states.
  4. In 344, he promoted himself from Marquis (hou), calling himself "King Hui of Liang".

He also conducted several dialogues with the renowned Confucian Mencius.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Shaughnessy 1999, p. 21.
  2. ^ Lewis 1999, pp. 618–619.

Bibliography[edit]

Cambridge History of Ancient China, 1999. Chapters: Calendar and Chronology (Edward L. Shaughnessy) and Warring States Political History (Mark Edward Lewis).