Relapse (Eminem album)
|Studio album by|
|Released||May 15, 2009|
|Singles from Relapse|
Relapse (stylized as ℞ELAPSƎ) is the sixth studio album by American rapper Eminem. The album was released on May 15, 2009, under Aftermath Entertainment, Shady Records, and Interscope Records. It was his first album of original material since Encore (2004), following a four-year hiatus from recording due to his writer's block and an addiction to prescription sleeping medication. Recording sessions for the album took place during 2007 to 2009 at several recording studios, and Dr. Dre, Mark Batson, and Eminem handled production. Conceptually, Relapse concerns the ending of his drug rehabilitation, rapping after a non-fictional relapse, and the return of his Slim Shady alter-ego.
One of the most anticipated album releases of 2009, Relapse debuted at number one on the US Billboard 200 chart, selling 608,000 copies in its first week. It produced four singles: "Crack a Bottle", "We Made You", "3 a.m.", and "Beautiful", as well as the promotional single: "Old Time's Sake". The album has also been certified double platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America. The album has sold over 2.3 million copies in the United States.
Relapse received mostly mixed reviews upon release—critics praised the production, but were divided in their responses towards Eminem's lyrics and performance. Over time, however, critical and fan reception towards the album has changed, with many praising the horror-core aspect and emotional depth of some songs, and the album has found a cult following.
- 1 Background
- 2 Recording
- 3 Music and lyrics
- 4 Relapse: Refill and Relapse 2
- 5 Release and promotion
- 6 Critical reception
- 7 Commercial performance
- 8 Retrospect
- 9 Track listing
- 10 Personnel
- 11 Charts
- 12 Certifications
- 13 Release history
- 14 See also
- 15 References
- 16 Further reading
- 17 External links
Since 2005, Eminem intended to take a break from recording his own music to become a hip hop producer for other rap acts, especially for the artists signed on his own label Shady Records. However, Eminem entered his hiatus after cancelling the European leg of the Anger Management Tour in the summer of 2005 because of exhaustion and an addiction to prescription sleeping drugs. In the following year, the rapper's remarriage to his former wife Kimberly Scott lasted only eleven weeks before a second divorce, while his best friend and fellow rapper Proof was later shot and killed during an altercation outside a Detroit nightclub. Devastated, Eminem relapsed into prescription drug abuse and became increasingly reclusive. In a June 2009 interview for XXL, Eminem elaborated on the impact of Proof's death on him, stating:
"Everyone felt [Proof's] loss, from his kids, to his wife, to everyone. But, for some reason, in hindsight, the way I felt was almost like it happened to just me... Maybe at the time I was a little bit selfish with it. I think it kind of hit me so hard. It just blindsided me. I just went into such a dark place that, with everything, the drugs, my thoughts, everything. And the more drugs I consumed, and it was all depressants I was taking, the more depressed I became, the more self-loathing I became..."
Speculation on an upcoming album by Eminem was reported since mid–2007 from announcements made by artists 50 Cent and Stat Quo, former members of Shady Records. Also, rapper Bizarre – a member of the hip hop group D12 – stated that the release of the group's third studio album was on hold because Interscope Records wanted to release Eminem's album first. By the end of the year, additional musicians associated with Shady Records – including The Alchemist, Bishop Lamont, Cashis and Obie Trice – had confirmed on different occasions that the rapper was effectively working on a new album. On September 12, 2007, during a call at the radio station WQHT Hot 97, Eminem stated that he was in limbo and was not sure whether he would release any new material in the near future. He then elaborated that at that point he was constantly working in the recording studio and had come to terms with his personal issues. However, in December 2007, he was hospitalized because of an overdose of methadone. In early 2008, he began a 12-step program to recover from his addiction; in a later interview, he said he has been sober since April 20, 2008.
Eminem had continued recording throughout 2005, and released most of this work on his Shady Records compilation album Eminem Presents: The Re-Up. He also recorded the track "Beautiful" in late 2007, which would later become the fifth and final single on Relapse, and also one of the only songs on the entire album in which Eminem recorded when he wasn’t sober. Eminem began the major recording stages of Relapse in mid-2008, after completing a 12-step program to control his drug addiction. Record producer and long-time Detroit collaborator Jeff Bass of the Bass Brothers worked with Eminem on 25 tracks, two years after the rapper had received treatment for his sleeping pill addiction in 2005. Depressed by Proof's death, Eminem fell into a period of "writer's block", where he felt everything he wrote was not worth recording. To compensate for this, Bass chose to follow a production style that would allow the artist to rap "off the top of his head, as opposed to writing a story". Eminem would then freestyle or record vocals one line at a time before interrupting and then recording another line. At the same time, according to Eminem's song rights supervisor Joel Martin, the rapper began to collect additional songs without noticing it. He would often record or produce material initially intended for the musical projects of other artists, but end up with tracks he really liked.
Eminem purchased the Effigy Studio in Ferndale, Michigan, in 2007, and ended his working relationship with much of his former production team of the 54 Sound recording studio, including the Bass Brothers. In September 2007, Dr. Dre stated his intention to dedicate two months to the production of Relapse. Working with Dr. Dre allowed Eminem to concentrate on the processes of songwriting rather than the production, which was largely taken care of by Dre. The rapper justified his choice of using Dr. Dre for the vast majority of the production due to their long collaborative history and a musical "chemistry" only he and Dr. Dre shared. This allowed the rapper to pick the beats from Dr. Dre's catalog that challenged him rhythm-wise to experiment with different flows. The making of the album progressed at the Effigy Studio up to a year after, as recording sessions were then moved to Orlando, Florida in September 2008. By then, Eminem had begun to start writing verses again at such a pace that he often took more time to record the lyrics than write them. He credited sobriety for his new creative run, acknowledging that his mind was free of the clutter that "blocked" him during his drug abuse in the last years. Dr. Dre would start the song-writing process by giving a number of his beats on a CD to Eminem, who in a separate room in the studio would listen and select the ones he preferred and inspired him the most. Eminem would then write lyrics to the instrumentals, while Dr. Dre and his production staff continued to create new music. Once he felt he had written lyrics for enough songs, Eminem would dedicate an entire day to record his songs to the point that he would lose his voice for the following days. At that point, the rapper would then begin to write lyrics for new songs. The process continued for the next six months and allowed Eminem to have enough material for a second album, initially called Relapse 2, which became Recovery.
During this recording period, a handful of songs intended for Relapse were leaked on the Internet, including an incomplete version of "Crack a Bottle". The song was finished in January 2009 and featured vocals from Dr. Dre and 50 Cent. Despite the leak, the album was being completed in a state of near-total secrecy, according to the British newspaper The Independent. Even Polydor Records, the multinational owner of Interscope, had no information on the album at the time. On April 23, Eminem suggested he and possibly Dr. Dre were the only ones in possession of the final copy of Relapse; his manager Paul Rosenberg added that even Eminem's record labels were not in possession of the music less than a month before its release to prevent possible bootlegging.
Music and lyrics
The song was produced by Dr. Dre and features Eminem lyrically depicting himself as a murderer of several people.
Problems playing this file? See media help.
In an interview for XXL, Eminem described the concept behind Relapse to be the ending of his drug rehabilitation and thus rap as if he was on drugs again, as well as the return of his fictional alter-ego Slim Shady. According to the interviewer Datwon Thomas, Eminem's influences for the album came from his own past drug issues and from television shows and documentaries involving crime and serial killers, as the rapper was fascinated by "serial killers and their psyche and their mind states". In a May 2009 interview for The New York Times, Eminem discussed his view of serial killers, stating:
"You listen to these people talk, or you see them, they look so regular. What does a serial killer look like? He don’t look like anything. He looks like you. You could be living next door to one. If I lived next door to you, you could be."
Music critic Robert Christgau interpreted the opening line to the album featuring the phrase "horror corridor" as Eminem telling listeners that it is a horrorcore album. Ben Kaplan of the Vancouver Courier also categorized it as a horrorcore album. Ann Powers of the Los Angeles Times said that the album's "horrorcore scenes" show Eminem as "a madman created by the hypocrisy of therapy." Music journalist Rob Sheffield remarked on its sensationalist drug references and said that Relapse is "a hip-hop version" of comedian Richard Pryor's Live on the Sunset Strip (1982).
Relapse opens with the skit "Dr. West", where actor Dominic West voices a drug counselor whose untrustworthiness causes Eminem to fall back to drugs and the return to his Slim Shady character. The skit leads to "3 A.M.", where Eminem depicts himself as a serial killer during a murder spree. When "3 A.M." was released as a single prior to the album's own release, Eminem noted that the song closely mirrored what he believed was the overall dark tone of the album. On "My Mom", the rapper traces his addictive tendencies to his mother and shows how he became a drug addict just like her. Eminem continues his family tales on "Insane", where he imagines himself as a victim of child sexual abuse. For Eminem, the goal of "Insane" was to make song that would disgust the listeners and "make them puke", adding that he came up with this idea after thinking of the song's first line ("I was born with a dick in my brain/Yeah, fucked in the head"). Mariah Carey and her then current husband Nick Cannon are targeted in "Bagpipes from Baghdad", where Eminem raps over a pungi loop.
After "Hello", where Eminem re-introduces himself after years of being absent "mentally", he continues his violent fantasies on "Same Song & Dance", where he abducts and murders Lindsay Lohan and Britney Spears. The upbeat rhythm of "Same Song & Dance" reminded Eminem of a dance track, which inspired him to write something in order to "get women to dance to it and not really know what the fuck they're dancing to" without listening to the lyrics. On the ninth track of the album, "We Made You", Eminem mocks several celebrities and plays the role of a "pop star serial killer". Eminem noted that his various "celebrity bashings" were not meant to be seen as personal attacks, but it was rather "picking names out of a hat" that rhymed with the words he wanted to use during the writing process. On "Medicine Ball" Eminem mocks and impersonates deceased actor Christopher Reeve in order to get his audience to "laugh at it, and then almost feel bad for laughing". The next track is "Stay Wide Awake", which Eminem raps about assaulting and raping women. Dr. Dre also has a guest appearance on "Old Time's Sake", a duet Eminem described as a "fun, yet reminiscent record old times" in which he and Dre rap back and forth between each other, advocating the use of marijuana for creative and financial benefits. Song "Must Be the Ganja" follows, where Eminem raps that working in the recording studio is like a drug and an addiction for him.
After the skit "Mr. Mathers", where Eminem is recovered to a hospital, "Déjà Vu" addresses his overdose in 2007 and drug dependency during his hiatus from music. On the song, Eminem also explains how this has affected him in the last five years, to the point where his daughter has become scared of her father's behavior. "Beautiful", a ballad which samples "Reaching Out" by Queen + Paul Rodgers, also deals with the same time period where Eminem believed he had "reached rock bottom" and lost hope for his future. Eminem felt it was important to include "Beautiful" on the album as a reminder to himself as well as "anybody who is in a dark place [...] that you can get out of it". After "Crack a Bottle", a collaboration with Dr. Dre and 50 Cent, Relapse ends with "Underground". On this final track, Eminem sought to bring back to his music and lyrics the subject matter and punchlines reminiscent of "The Hiphop Shop times" (The Hiphop Shop was a clothing store in Detroit where local rappers, including Eminem, would compete in freestyle battles), before he had become famous and thus did not have worry about the explicit content of his lyrics.
Relapse: Refill and Relapse 2
|Studio album (reissue) by |
|Released||December 21, 2009|
|Genre||Horrorcore, hip hop|
|Singles from Relapse: Refill|
Because Eminem recorded far more material than he could use for one album and felt that he had to offer his fans more music after staying on hiatus for so long, fellow D12 member Swift confirmed that Eminem in fact had planned to put out two albums the same year, following with Relapse 2, in late 2009. According to Angela Yee's Shade 45 interview with Eminem on April 23, 2009, Relapse 2 was to be a continuation of Relapse. During the interview, Eminem confirmed: "It's extremely close to being finished, it just depends on how many songs I want to put on it." Eminem also explained the album was more "emotionally driven" than Relapse, which was, as he explains, "[just] rap records". Guest appearances were expected to come from the likes of Dr. Dre, 50 Cent, D12, Royce da 5'9", Lloyd Banks and Cashis. The album was subsequently pushed back for an early 2010 release, so Eminem decided to re-release Relapse as Relapse: Refill, which includes a bonus disc featuring seven new tracks, including the single "Forever" (originally on More Than a Game soundtrack) and "Taking My Ball" (released with DJ Hero), as well as five previously unreleased tracks. On its re-release, Eminem stated: "I want to deliver more material for the fans this year like I originally planned. Hopefully these tracks on The Refill will tide the fans over until we put out Relapse 2 next year."
On April 13, 2010, Eminem tweeted "There is no Relapse 2", thus announcing that the album has been scrapped in favor of his new project Recovery. While recording Relapse 2 and witnessing the mixed reaction of its predecessor among fans and critics alike, Eminem decided to throw away most of the recorded material and started from scratch. The result did not seem to him as continuation of Relapse but more of an individual project that deserved its own name. Eminem said: "I had originally planned for Relapse 2 to come out last year. But as I kept recording and working with new producers, the idea of a sequel to Relapse started to make less and less sense to me, and I wanted to make a completely new album. The music on Recovery came out very different from Relapse, and I think it deserves its own title." The now-renamed album debuted at number 1 on the US Billboard 200 chart, with first-week sales of 741,000 copies in the United States. As of September 25, 2011, the album had sold 4,040,000 copies in the United States and was also the best-selling album of 2010 worldwide, earning a Grammy Award for Best Rap Album.
|1.||"Forever" (with Drake, Kanye West and Lil Wayne)||Aubrey Graham, Mathers, Kanye West, Dwayne Carter, Matthew Samuels||Boi-1da||5:58|
|2.||"Hell Breaks Loose" (featuring Dr. Dre)||Mathers, Young, Batson, Parker, Lawrence||Dr. Dre, Batson||4:04|
|3.||"Buffalo Bill"||Mathers, Young, Batson, Parker, Lawrence, Elizondo||Dr. Dre, Batson||3:52|
|4.||"Elevator"||Mathers, Resto||Eminem, Luis Resto (add.)||4:52|
|5.||"Taking My Ball"||Mathers, Young, Batson, Parker, Lawrence||Dr. Dre||5:01|
|6.||"Music Box"||Mathers, Young, Batson, Parker, Lawrence||Dr. Dre, Dawaun Parker||5:05|
|7.||"Drop the Bomb on 'Em"||Mathers, Young, Batson, Parker, Lawrence||Dr. Dre||4:48|
|iTunes deluxe edition|
|21.||"My Darling"||Mathers, Young, Resto, Mike Strange||Eminem||5:20|
|22.||"Careful What You Wish For"||Mathers, Resto, Steve King||Eminem||3:47|
|23.||"We Made You" (single version)||Mathers, Young, Batson, Parker, Lawrence, Walter Egan||Dr. Dre, Eminem, Doc Ish||4:46|
|24.||"Crack a Bottle" (single version) (featuring Dr. Dre & 50 Cent)||Mathers, Curtis Jackson, Young, Batson, Parker, Lawrence, Jean Renard||Dr. Dre||5:15|
|25.||"3 a.m." (music video)||5:31|
|26.||"We Made You" (music video)||4:53|
Release and promotion
In 2007, Shady Records rapper Cashis discussed the album, referring to it by the title King Mathers and adding that it would be released later that year. However, Eminem's publicist Dennis Dennehy would later deny this and stated that "there [was] no album scheduled for a 2007 release" and that, as of August 2007, there was no confirmed title. No other official statement was made for over a year. It was not until September 15, 2008, at an event held by Shade 45 to celebrate the publication of Eminem's autobiography The Way I Am, the rapper confirmed his plans to release a studio album by the title of Relapse. During the party, he also previewed to the audience a song called "I'm Having a Relapse".
In regards to the album's release date, Rolling Stone wrote in its October 2008 issue that Virgin Megastores had planned to distribute Relapse on November 27, 2008 in the United States. On October 27, a spokesperson for Interscope explained that there was no official date at the time, and that any release dates that had been posted on any website were unfounded. In a phone conversation during the finale of Total Request Live on November 16, 2008, Eminem asserted that Relapse would be released during the first quarter of 2009, precisely during either of the first two months of the year, explaining that he was in the process of selecting the songs for the album.
Despite the leak two months before, "Crack a Bottle" was eventually released for legal paid digital download as well as a promotional single on February 2, 2009, and also reached the number one position on the US Billboard Hot 100; according to Eminem's manager Paul Rosenberg, a music video for the song had been produced and directed by Syndrome and was released in several parts of the world from May to early June. At the time of the release, various contradicting reports disputed whether the song would be included on Relapse, but a press release from head label Universal Music Group confirmed the single's inclusion on the album. In similar press statements after March 5, Universal made public the regional release dates for Relapse: as early as May 15, 2009, in Italy and the Netherlands; most other European countries and Brazil on May 18; and the following day in the United States and Australia. Additionally, the record label also announced a second album by Eminem, then called Relapse 2 but later titled Recovery, which was to be released by the end of the year, but expected in June 2010. Eminem explained that he and Dr. Dre had recorded a considerable amount of music and thus, by releasing two albums, would allow listeners to have access to all of his music.
After the release of "Crack a Bottle", the music video of the single "We Made You" was aired on April 7, and became available for purchase a week later on April 13. The video was directed by Joseph Kahn and premiered simultaneously on several MTV channels as well as MTV's website. On April 28, the third overall single for the album, "3 a.m.", was released again for paid music download. A music video for "3 a.m." was directed by Syndrome and filmed in Detroit. It premiered on May 2 on Cinemax, several days after a trailer for the video was posted online. Two more singles were distributed prior to the album's release, as "Old Time's Sake" and "Beautiful" went on sale on the iTunes Store on May 5 and 12 respectively. "My Darling" and "Careful What You Wish For" were made available upon purchase of the Premium version of the album. The track "Insane" peaked at position 85 on the US Billboard Hot 100 chart on the album's release via iTunes.
On April 4, 2009, CBS featured Eminem during the network's coverage of the 2009 NCAA Final Four in a segment where he recited the spoken word "Love Letter to Detroit". Later on the same day, the rapper inducted the hip hop group Run-D.M.C. to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Adam Graham of The Detroit News described this as "all part of the calculated promotional push" for Relapse. The rapper performed live at the 2009 MTV Movie Awards on May 31, while he appeared on the covers of hip hop magazines Vibe and XXL in their respective issues in June 2009; the latter was created by a deal struck with Eminem and Marvel Comics, where the rapper would pose as Marvel's main vigilante The Punisher. Marvel created an issue of the comic co-starring Eminem. An iPhone game to accompany the album was released on May 19, 2009.
While on the Never Say Never tour, fellow group members Swifty and Kuniva (D12) along with Royce Da 5'9" stopped by KISS 100FM for a live interview and spoke on Relapse. Royce stated that the album will be a game changer and jokingly said he might have to push his own album back three years after Eminem drops his. Kuniva added that D12 recorded many tracks for Relapse but wasn't sure if they would make the album or not. Swifty then confirmed that Eminem would be dropping two albums in 2009, with Relapse 2 following Relapse. Relapse was re-released on December 21, 2009, as Relapse: Refill, with seven bonus tracks and including the single "Forever" (originally on More Than a Game soundtrack), "Taking My Ball" (released with DJ Hero), and five previously unreleased tracks. On its re-release, Eminem stated: "I want to deliver more material for the fans this year like I originally planned. Hopefully these tracks on The Refill will tide the fans over until we put out Relapse 2 next year".
The album cover for Relapse was first published through Eminem's Twitter account on April 21, 2009. It illustrates a head shot of the rapper composed by a mosaic of thousands of pills. A sticker on the cover resembles a prescription drug label, on which the patient is Eminem and the prescribing doctor is Dr. Dre. Gil Kaufman of MTV News described the cover as a reference to the rapper's struggle and addiction to prescription drugs, adding that it follows Eminem's habit of displaying personal issues in his art. The album booklet and back cover follow a pill prescription design. On the backside of the booklet is a dedication to Proof, where Eminem explains that he's sober and that he tried to write a song for him, but that he didn't find one of them good enough therefore he dedicates the whole album to him. The CD itself is meant to represent the lid on a bottle of prescription pills, grey with the big red inscription "Push Down & Turn". The cover for Relapse: Refill is the same, with the background color changed from black to white. The prescription drug label is scratched out and the writing "Refill" is posed next to it.
|The A.V. Club||C–|
Relapse received generally mixed reviews from music critics. It holds an aggregate score of 59, based on 27 reviews, at Metacritic. Despite calling it an "impressively focused and clever work", Los Angeles Times writer Ann Powers felt the music was "not transcendent" and commented that "Eminem could have pulled his music into a new category. What he presents is still powerful, but narrowly cast". Andy Gill of The Independent found the album to be "drably repetitive, while its dated tone is emphasised by the return of Dr Dre as producer." NME's Louis Pattison found Eminem's wordplay "wicked in the depths of its depravity", but felt that "the overriding feel is of an album just too jaded, too joyless to truly count as a return to form". Slant Magazine's Eric Henderson viewed that "the further Relapse strays from narrative veracity, the more one suspects his fanbase feels he's tapping into his bottomless well for horror-show grandstanding." The Times called Relapse "an album that sits square between what Eminem is theoretically still capable of and what we feared he has become." Nathan Rabin, writing in The A.V. Club, panned it as "facile pre-adolescent shock mixed with gory, corpse-strewn, Fangoria-damaged horrorcore." MSN Music's Robert Christgau called it a "dud" and accused Eminem of sensationalism: "this is not a Slim Shady album. Slim Shady had a lightness about him".
In a positive review, Rolling Stone magazine's Rob Sheffield called the album a "more painful, honest and vital record" that is on-par or better than Eminem's 2002 album The Eminem Show. Stephen Thomas Erlewine of Allmusic described the album as "musically white-hot, dense, and dramatic" and said that "his flow is so good, his wordplay so sharp, it seems churlish to wish that he addressed something other than his long-standing obsessions and demons". The Daily Telegraph commended its honest depiction of Eminem's drug addiction and overuse. Although he found its concept "spotty", Vibe's Benjamin Meadows-Ingram praised Eminem's lyricism, writing that "Em works wonders with words, expanding the boundaries of the art of rap itself [...] the composition is experimental and abstract, a master toying with form". At the 52nd Grammy Awards, the album won a Grammy Award for Best Rap Album.
One of the most anticipated albums of 2009, Relapse was the top-selling hip hop album of the year. Upon its release, the album debuted at number 1 on the US Billboard 200 chart, selling 608,000 copies in its first week. In Canada, the album sold 64,000 copies in its first week and debuted at number 1 on the Canadian Albums Chart. By the end of 2009, the album had sold 180,000 physical units in Canada, making it the ninth best-selling physical album in Canada of 2009. Outside of North America, Relapse managed to reach the number one spot in its first week in various other countries including Australia, France, Norway, Denmark and New Zealand, while climbing into the Top 5 in many other countries, including Germany, Italy, Finland, Spain, Belgium, the Netherlands, Austria, Switzerland and Sweden. In its second week the album stayed at number one and sold a further 211,000 copies, taking its total to 819,000 to become the fifth best-seller of the year. In the third week, Relapse dropped to number two and sold another 141,000 copies, bringing the total U.S. sales to 962,000, Relapse dropped to number three in its fourth week, selling 87,000 copies for a total of 1,049,000 in the U.S. The next week, Relapse went down to number four and sold 72,000 copies. In its sixth week, the album was at number five and sold another 47,000 copies, pushing its total sales to 1,169,000. It dropped down to the number nine in its seventh week, selling 39,000 copies and taking its total U.S. sales up to 1,207,000 copies. In its eighth week, it remained at number nine and sold a further 34,000 copies for a total of 1,241,000.
Relapse became the best selling rap album of 2009. As of March 2014, Relapse has sold 2.3 million copies in the United States. The album was certified double platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America on August 27, 2010.
On his following album Recovery (2010), Eminem made reference to Relapse and criticizes it in the second verse of the song "Not Afraid": "In fact, let's be honest/That last Relapse CD was 'ehh'/ Perhaps I ran them accents into the ground/ Relax, I ain't going back to that now".
He slowed down his feelings about the album after that saying "I don’t hate Relapse. I don’t hate it at all, but when I’m looking back at an album I do have a tendency, and especially with that album, to run things into the ground. That was one of those instances where I got in a zone, like, "Yo I just want to be this demented serial killer on this album. And part of that was a growing process to get to Recovery, working through those steps, relearning how to rap, and relearning where I need to be at." He reiterates this statement during his 2013 Q&A with Rolling Stone saying "I don't hate the record. I want to rap and be able to always try to do my best lyrically, but at the same time find the right balance between that and making the right songs. And you know, I don't know if I necessarily found that balance yet, because I was just getting sober and just kind of finding my feet again and so there was a lot of songs that were just like "Ha ha this is funny!" You know, walking around and joking around with your friends and shit and it ends up on the record and you're laughing about it. Because when I got sober it was like – I've said this before – but it just was like "Oh shit! I can think straight again!" So I don't know if that record was particularly my best work as far as songs, writing songs that felt like something, that brought some kind of emotion. I ran accents into the grounds. I got stuck on that kind of serial killer, crazy vibe and just kind of went with it.
In 2013, Eminem also addressed the mindstate he had while working on 2009's Relapse saying: "It was interesting, man. I don't know if before Relapse, if we're talking the Infinite album and pre-signing with Dre and all that, from that point on, I don't know if I ever did anything or did much sober at all. Relapse was the first album and first recordings that I did when the lights went on and I was sober. I was still trying to figure things out...It's interesting. Fun time. I had a fun time." and reiterated his feeling about the album "I felt Relapse was, I don't know. I don't know if people know what I really had to go through to be able to make Relapse and to be able to write again and to be able to think again and just normal everyday bodily functions and functions in my mind. I don't want to say I wasn't in a place to record again, but I needed time. I needed time to be able to figure out things. I wanted to be able to make my songs feel like something again. I know a lot of stuff on Relapse was comical and funny punchline jokes, but a lot of the songs didn't really feel like anything. I had to go back and listen to some of my older music to try to figure out what I was doing wrong. Once I felt like I figured that out, I started making songs that felt like something again."
About the accents he used on the album: "I recorded at least 50 to 60 songs for that album and on each one I would get a little more drastic with the accents, trying to bend the words and make them rhyme in ways they wouldn’t if you just said them regular. It was this gradual thing and I didn’t even realize how accent-heavy the album got. Paul [Rosenberg] didn’t realize it either until he went and played the music for somebody at Interscope and they were like, “Why is he doing all those accents?” So yeah, I don’t know how much replay value that album has." He reitrates his statement in 2018: "I have made albums that definitely, probably would not be at the top of my list — Encore, Relapse — which I believe Encore is a better album than Relapse. Relapse is something I went back to and cringed at. Like, ‘Jesus Christ, I didn’t realize I was doing that many accents."
On his album Revival (2017), Eminem also made references to Relapse especially on the closing song Arose: "I'm 'bout to, like a rematch, outdo Relapse/ With Recovery, Mathers LP2/ Help propel me to victory laps/ Gas toward 'em and fast forward the past".
Complex included many songs of Relapse on their The 100 Best Eminem Song retrospective, included fan favorite songs like "Stay Wide Awake" on 86 position, "Elevator" at number 81, "My Darling" at number 79, "Underground" at number 74, "3 a.m." at number 67, "Insane" at number 27, and "Déjà Vu" at number 20.
Spin (magazine) also included some songs of the album on the top 100 of All 289 Eminem Songs, Ranked article, included "Déjà Vu" at 36 position, "Crack a Bottle" at number 48, "Beautiful" at number 62, "3 a.m" at number 68, "Elevator" at number 76, "Stay Wide Awake" at number 79 and "Underground" at number 82.
Billboard considers "My Mom, "Bagpipes from Baghdad" and "Underground" as some of the most underrated songs on the Eminem's career. They said about the album : "Relapse is Eminem’s most difficult album to enjoy because it has so many unfunny moments that are genuinely creepy, but he still cranks out new wrinkles on the same old topics".
HipHopDX called Relapse a "horrorcore masterpiece" and said: "the record stands as an artistic achievement that further solidifies Eminem as one of the greatest, most creative MCs to ever pick up a microphone. The article goes on to reflect the changing fan sentiment toward the album, stating that it took "years to uncover its brilliance".
Mitch Findlay from HotNewHipHop touted Relapse as Eminem's strongest post The Eminem Show's project: "Relapse is probably the strongest of Eminem’s post-comeback catalog, largely in part to some excellent production from Dr. Dre, Dawaun Parker, and Mike Elizondo. Plus, Em seems to be in the zone here, especially when it comes to his flow. The concept, in which he embodies a depraved, accented serial killer, can be a little tiresome, but it also leads to a gratuitous bout of lyrical and hilarious Grand-Guignol." He singled out "Hello", "Beautiful" and "Deja Vu" as highlights.
|1.||"Dr. West" (skit performed by Dominic West and Eminem)||1:29|
|2.||"3 a.m."||Dr. Dre||5:19|
|3.||"My Mom"||Dr. Dre||5:19|
|5.||"Bagpipes from Baghdad"||Dr. Dre||4:43|
|7.||"Tonya" (skit performed by Elizabeth Keener)||0:42|
|8.||"Same Song & Dance"||Dr. Dre||4:06|
|9.||"We Made You"||4:29|
|10.||"Medicine Ball"||Dr. Dre||3:57|
|11.||"Paul" (skit performed by Paul Rosenberg)||0:19|
|12.||"Stay Wide Awake"||Dr. Dre||5:19|
|13.||"Old Time's Sake" (featuring Dr. Dre)||Dr. Dre||4:38|
|14.||"Must Be the Ganja"||Dr. Dre||4:02|
|15.||"Mr. Mathers" (skit performed by Elizabeth Keener and Matthew St. Patrick)||0:42|
|16.||"Déjà Vu"||Dr. Dre||4:43|
|18.||"Crack a Bottle" (featuring Dr. Dre and 50 Cent)||Dr. Dre||4:57|
|19.||"Steve Berman" (skit performed by Angela Yee, Marshall Mathers and Steve Berman)||1:29|
|22.||"Careful What You Wish For"||Eminem||3:47|
- ^[a] signifies an additional producer.
|Austria (IFPI Austria)||Gold||15,000*|
|GCC (IFPI Middle East)||Gold||3,000*|
|Ireland (IRMA)||2× Platinum||30,000^|
|New Zealand (RMNZ)||Platinum||15,000^|
|South Africa (RISA)||Gold||20,000^|
|Switzerland (IFPI Switzerland)||Platinum||30,000^|
|United Kingdom (BPI)||Platinum||588,000|
|United States (RIAA)||2× Platinum||2,363,000|
*sales figures based on certification alone
|Australia||May 15, 2009||Universal Music||CD||2703216|
|Denmark||May 18, 2009||CD|
|France||Polydor, Universal Music||CD|
|New Zealand||Universal Music||CD||2703216|
|Brazil||May 19, 2009||Universal Music||CD||602527032160|
|Japan||May 20, 2009||Universal Music||CD||UICS-1190|
|CD + DVD||UICS-9106|
|Argentina||May 28, 2009||CD|
- Grammy Award for Best Rap Album
- List of UK Albums Chart number ones of the 2000s
- List of number-one albums of 2009 (Australia)
- List of number-one albums of 2009 (Canada)
- List of number-one albums of 2009 (Ireland)
- List of number-one albums of 2009 (Japan)
- List of number-one albums of 2009 (New Zealand)
- List of number-one albums of 2009 (U.S.)
- List of UK R&B Chart number-one albums of 2009
- "Eminem and out?". The Age. Melbourne. Associated Press. July 27, 2005. Retrieved March 6, 2009.
- NME.com, Eminem: Prescription drug Ambien ‘wiped out five years of my life’ . Retrieved February 21, 2012.
- "Eminem treated for drug addiction". BBC News. BBC. August 19, 2005. Retrieved March 3, 2009.
- Smith, David (October 19, 2008). "Lost genius of rap back from the shadows". The Observer. London: Guardian Media Group. Retrieved March 6, 2009.
- "Eminem: The fall and rise of a superstar". The Independent. London. February 4, 2009. Retrieved February 5, 2009.
- Kaufman, Gil (April 21, 2009). "Eminem Posts Relapse Cover Art On Twitter". MTV. Retrieved April 21, 2009.
- Thomas, Datwon (May 5, 2009). "Eminem Speaks On Drugs, The Death Of Proof & Praises T.I. & Lil Wayne On New XXL Cover". XXL. New York, NY: Harris Publications (June 2009): 58–66. Archived from the original on May 5, 2009. Retrieved May 17, 2009.
- "50 Cent Confirms Eminem Album". Contactmusic.com. May 24, 2007. Retrieved August 1, 2007.
- Arnold, Paul W (August 28, 2007). "Stat Quo Speaks Exclusively about Shady/Aftermath Deal". HipHopDX. Retrieved August 30, 2007.
- Graham, Adam (October 25, 2007). "D12's Bizarre celebrates new album with a release party". The Detroit News. Retrieved October 29, 2007.(subscription required)[dead link]
- Kuperstein, Slava (December 10, 2007). "Alchemist Speaks on Upcoming Album, Eminem". HipHopDX. Retrieved December 10, 2007.
- Lamont, Bishop (November 2007). "Interview with Bishop Lamont". DubCNN (Interview: Video & Transcript). Interviewed by Eddie Gurrola. Retrieved October 9, 2008.
- Cashis (May 28, 2007). "Exclusive Video Interview with Ca$his". DubCNN (Interview: Video/Transcript). Interviewed by Eddie Gurrola. Retrieved August 3, 2007.
- Obie Trice (December 29, 2007). "Interview with Obie Trice" (Interview: Audio). New York City, NY: Shade 45.
- "Eminem Says He's 'In Limbo'". MTV News. MTV Networks. September 12, 2007. Retrieved September 12, 2007.
- Pareles, Jon (May 21, 2009). "Get Clean, Come Back: Eminem's Return". The New York Times. New York, NY: Arthur Ochs Sulzberger, Jr. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved May 30, 2009.
- Rodriguez, Jayson. "Eminem's 'Beautiful' Hits iTunes". MTV News. MTV Networks. Retrieved May 15, 2009.
- McCollum, Brian (October 17, 2008). "Eminem Hits the Mic Again". Detroit Free Press. Archived from the original on October 21, 2008. Retrieved February 5, 2009.
- "Things have changed for Eminem". Detroit Free Press. April 12, 2009. Archived from the original on April 16, 2009. Retrieved April 17, 2009.
- "Eminem reveals more 'Relapse' new album details". NME. IPC Media. October 20, 2008. Retrieved April 18, 2009.
- Hilburn, Robert (September 23, 2007). "Dr. Dre, mix marathon man". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on October 11, 2007. Retrieved September 22, 2007.
- Cohen, Jonathan (December 20, 2011). "Exclusive: Eminem Talks New Album, Book". Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. Retrieved December 12, 2008.
- Kreps, Daniel (April 23, 2009). "Eminem Opens Up About "Relapse," Acting in Shade45 Interview: "I Am Back"". Rolling Stone. Jann Wenner. Retrieved December 20, 2011.
- Eminem (May 15, 2009). "Eminem: The Prelapse Special" (Interview: Audio). Interviewed by Reef. New York City, NY: Shade 45.
- "Eminem's New Album "Relapse" Drops In May, "Relapse 2" Later This Year". Universal Music Group. March 5, 2009. Archived from the original on February 15, 2010. Retrieved March 22, 2009.
- "Eminem's New Song, 'Crack A Bottle,' Featuring Dr. Dre And 50 Cent, Hits The Web". MTV News. MTV Networks. January 6, 2009. Retrieved January 6, 2009.
- Eminem; Paul Rosenberg (April 23, 2009). "Interview: Audio" (Interview). Interviewed by Angela Yee. New York City, NY: Shade 45.
- Rodriguez, Jayson (May 15, 2009). "Eminem Album Shows Influence Of True-Crime TV". MTV News. MTV Networks. Retrieved May 18, 2009.
- Christgau, Robert (May 20, 2009). "Eminem: A 'Relapse' of Horror?". NPR. Retrieved July 8, 2013.
- Ben Kaplan (May 22, 2009). "Relapse funky, flawed". Vancouver Courier.
On Relapse, we have to settle for a horror-core album...
- Powers, Ann (May 14, 2009). "Album review: Eminem's 'Relapse'". Los Angeles Times. Eddy W. Hartenstein. Retrieved May 17, 2009.
- Sheffield, Rob (May 11, 2009). "Review: Relapse". Rolling Stone. Retrieved December 21, 2011.
- Cosyns, Simon (May 15, 2009). "Mathers of the heart". The Sun. London. Retrieved May 18, 2009.
- "Eminem becomes psychotic murderer in violent video for new single '3am'". NME. IPC Media. May 3, 2009. Retrieved May 12, 2009.
- Rodriguez, Jayson (April 23, 2009). "Eminem's Next Single, '3 A.M.,' Leaks Online". MTV News. MTV Networks. Retrieved April 29, 2009.
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Review: Relapse". Allmusic. Retrieved May 21, 2009.
- Greenblatt, Leah (May 13, 2009). "Review: Relapse". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved May 21, 2009.
- Holdship, Bill (May 13, 2009). "The Eminem interview". Metro Times. Chris Sexson. Retrieved May 18, 2009.
- Eminem (May 15, 2009). "Eminem Talks About His New Album Relapse". Jimmy Kimmel Live! (Interview: Video). Interviewed by Jimmy Kimmel. Los Angeles, CA. Archived from the original on February 17, 2014. Retrieved May 18, 2009.
- Shaheem Reid; Jayson Rodriguez (May 15, 2009). "Eminem Album Preview: Relapse Is Scary, Funny And Personal". MTV News. MTV Networks. Retrieved May 27, 2009.
- Fuoco, Christina (October 13, 2005). "Famed Eminem Shop Reopens". Rolling Stone. Jann Wenner. Retrieved May 30, 2009.
- D12 And Royce Interview, Talks About "Relapse". DaShadySpot. Retrieved February 28, 2010. Archived May 19, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
- "RR Exclusive: Eminem on The Morning After With Angela Yee (Audio)". RapRadar.com. April 23, 2009. Retrieved June 7, 2009.
- Rodriguez, Jayson (April 23, 2009). "Eminem Says Relapse 2 Is Almost Done". MTV News.
- Rodriguez, Jayson (October 7, 2009). "Eminem's Relapse 2 Will Be More 'Emotionally Driven'". MTV News. Retrieved July 5, 2010.
- Emil (March 5, 2010). "Eminem In The Studio With Royce And D12". DaShadySpot.com. Archived October 6, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
- Jumbo (April 24, 2010). "Lloyd Banks Talks Beef, BBB Remix, Eminem And More In Interview". DaShadySpot.com. Archived October 6, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
- Jumbo (March 18, 2010). "(Update) Cashis Is Working With Rikanatti For Eminem’s Album + New Banger F/ Eminem, 50, Dre & Jay-Z Is Coming!". DaShadySpot.com. Archived January 13, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
- Eminem "Relapse: Refill" Due Dec. 21 Rap Radar.'.' Retrieved November 20, 2009.
- YN. Eminem Speaks On New Album Recovery Archived October 9, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.. RapRadar. Retrieved June 20, 2010.
- Caulfield, Keith (June 30, 2010). "Eminem's 'Recovery' Explodes At No. 1 on Billboard 200 With 741,000". Billboard. Retrieved June 30, 2010.
- Jacobs, Allen (September 28, 2011). "Hip Hop Album Sales: The Week Ending 9/25/2011". HipHop DX. Retrieved November 12, 2013.
- Smirke, Richard (March 30, 2011). IFPI 2011 Report: Global Recorded Music Sales Fall 8.4%; Eminem, Lady Gaga Top Int'l Sellers | Billboard.biz. Billboard. Retrieved March 30, 2011.
- "Grammy Winners 2011 Complete List: Arcade Fire, Esperanza Spalding, and Lady Antebellum Win Big". CBS News. February 14, 2011. Retrieved February 15, 2011.
- "iTunes - Music - Relapse (Deluxe Version) by Eminem". Itunes.apple.com. May 15, 2009. Retrieved November 12, 2013.
- Jokesta (August 1, 2007). "Eminem Not Releasing Album This Year". DefSounds. Archived from the original on December 10, 2007. Retrieved November 10, 2008.
- Harris, Chris (October 16, 2008). "Eminem Reveals Title Of New LP: Relapse". MTV News. MTV Networks. Retrieved March 22, 2009.
- Legends of the Fall. Rolling Stone. October 2008. p. 32.
- "Eminem new album 'Relapse' release date leaked?". NME. October 28, 2008. Retrieved November 9, 2008.
- Graham, Adam (October 27, 2008). "Reports: Eminem's new album to hit stores Dec. 23". The Detroit News. Retrieved November 9, 2008.(subscription required)[dead link]
- Total Finale Live Video Footage (Television production). New York, NY: MTV Networks. November 16, 2008. Retrieved November 17, 2008.
- "Crack a Bottle — Single". iTunes. Apple Inc. Archived from the original on January 12, 2012. Retrieved February 2, 2009.
- ""Crack a Bottle" Billboard Hot 100 chart position". Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. Archived from the original on November 8, 2013. Retrieved February 12, 2009.
- Reid, Shaheem (February 25, 2009). "Eminem, 50 Cent, Dr. Dre's 'Crack A Bottle' -- Check Out Photo From Video". MTV News. MTV Networks. Retrieved March 2, 2009.
- Kreps, Daniel (February 12, 2009). "Eminem's "Crack A Bottle" Rockets Shady and 50 Cent to Top of Hot 100". Rolling Stone. Jann Wenner. Retrieved December 20, 2011.
- Reid, Shaheem (March 23, 2009). "Photo From Eminem's 'We Made You' Video Set Hits Web". MTV News. MTV Networks. Retrieved March 25, 2009.
- "We Made You — Single". iTunes. Apple Inc. Retrieved April 30, 2009.[permanent dead link]
- Rodriguez, Jayson (April 3, 2009). "Eminem Says 'We Made You' Video Has 'Some Celebrity Bashing'". MTV News. MTV Networks. Retrieved April 4, 2009.
- "3am — Single". iTunes. Apple Inc. Retrieved April 30, 2009.[permanent dead link]
- Reid, Shaheem (April 30, 2009). "Trailer For Eminem's Homicidal '3 A.M.' Video Hits The Internet". MTV News. MTV Networks. Retrieved May 1, 2009.
- "Eminem's 20-Song "Relapse" Track List Hits the Web". Rolling Stone. Jann Wenner. April 28, 2009. Retrieved November 21, 2011.
- "Order Relapse Now!". Eminem.com. Retrieved May 23, 2009.[dead link]
- Relapse [Deluxe] [Explicit]. Amazon.com. Retrieved May 23, 2009.[dead link]
- "Eminem Album & Song Chart History". Billboard. Retrieved April 16, 2010.
- Graham, Adam (April 5, 2009). "Eminem on a media blitz to promote upcoming album 'Relapse'". The Detroit News. MediaNews Group. Retrieved April 14, 2009.
- Montgomery, James (April 13, 2009). "Eminem To Perform At 2009 MTV Movie Awards". MTV News. MTV Networks. Retrieved April 14, 2009.
- "If you can rap, show Eminem". Detroit Free Press. April 13, 2009. Archived from the original on April 16, 2009. Retrieved April 15, 2009.
- George, Richard (May 5, 2009). "Eminem Teams With Marvel's Punisher". IGN Comics. Retrieved June 20, 2009.[dead link]
- Kaufman, Gil (May 5, 2009). "Eminem Readying Relapse iPhone Game". MTV News. MTV Networks. Retrieved May 12, 2009.
- Lewis, Cara (2009). Relapse (CD booklet). Eminem. Aftermath Records. 001286302.
- Lewis, Cara (2009). Relapse: Refill (CD booklet). Eminem. Aftermath Records. 001286302.
- "Relapse by Eminem".
- Rabin, Nathan (May 20, 2009). "Eminem: Relapse". The A.V. Club. Retrieved July 8, 2013.
- Greenblatt, Leah. "Relapse". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved August 7, 2018.
- Petridis, Alexis. Review: Relapse. The Guardian. Retrieved February 28, 2010.
- Gill, Andy (May 15, 2009). "Album: Eminem, Relapse (Aftermath/Shady)". The Independent. London. Retrieved September 22, 2012.
- Christgau, Robert. "Consumer Guide: Relapse". MSN Music: June 2009. Archived from the original February 28, 2010.
- Pattison, Louis. Review: Relapse. NME. Retrieved February 28, 2010.
- Cohen, Ian. "Review: Relapse". Pitchfork Media. Retrieved May 19, 2009.
- Dolan, Jon (December 24, 2009). "Eminem, 'Relapse' (Interscope)". Spin. Spin Media. Retrieved July 21, 2013.
- "Relapse by Eminem reviews". AnyDecentMusic?. Retrieved September 22, 2012.
- "Relapse Reviews, Ratings, Credits, and More". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved May 29, 2012.
- Powers, Ann (May 14, 2009). "Album review: Eminem's 'Relapse'". Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles: Tribune Company. Retrieved May 29, 2012.
- "Eminem: Relapse". The Times: Arts. London. May 2009. Retrieved September 22, 2012.(subscription required)
- McCormick, Neil (May 14, 2009). "Review: Relapse". London: The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved May 21, 2009.
- Meadows-Ingram, Benjamin. Review: Relapse[dead link]. Vibe. Retrieved February 28, 2010.
- "And the 2010 Grammy Nominees Are..." Rap-Up.com. Retrieved June 25, 2010.
- "20 Most Anticipated Hip-Hop Albums of 2009 - The Most Wanted Rap Albums of 2009". Rap.about.com. Archived from the original on February 29, 2012. Retrieved June 25, 2010.
- 1/2/09 by. "Wired Music: The Top 10 Most Anticipated Albums of 2009 at The Insider". Theinsider.com. Archived from the original on January 24, 2010. Retrieved June 25, 2010.
- "Relapse Album Cover | BeatsandBombs.com — Hip Hop music, videos, beats, mixtapes, mixtape". BeatsandBombs.com. Archived from the original on February 29, 2012. Retrieved June 25, 2010.
- "The Most Wanted Rap Albums of 2009 | The Rap Up". Therapup.uproxx.com. January 30, 2009. Retrieved December 20, 2011.
- "Most Anticipated Albums Of 2009 #1". The Urban Daily. January 13, 2009. Retrieved December 20, 2011.
- Emenem to Release Relapse: Refill on December 21st Archived February 25, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.. Eminem.com. Retrieved February 28, 2010.
- "Eminem's 'Relapse' tops charts for 2009 with 608,000 sales in one week". Associated Press. May 28, 2009. Retrieved May 28, 2009.
- Williams, John (July 2, 2009). "Eminem reclaims No. 1 crown". JAM!. Archived from the original on February 29, 2012. Retrieved October 9, 2010.
- "The Nielsen Company and Billboard's 2009 Canadian Industry Report". Retrieved March 24, 2017.
- "Eminem: Relapse (Chart-positions)". Swisscharts.com. Retrieved January 8, 2010.
- "Eminem: Relapse (Chart-position for Germany)". Musicline.de. Retrieved January 8, 2010.
- "Eminem's 'Relapse' at No. 1 in USA". Billboard. Archived from the original on May 28, 2013. Retrieved March 5, 2017.
- "Eminem's 'Relapse' at number two in USA". Billboard. Archived from the original on June 6, 2013. Retrieved June 10, 2009.
- "Eminem's 'Relapse' at number three in USA". Billboard. Archived from the original on May 23, 2013. Retrieved June 17, 2009.
- "Eminem's 'Relapse' at number four in USA". Billboard. Archived from the original on November 8, 2013. Retrieved June 17, 2009.
- Jacobs, Allen (July 1, 2009). "Hip Hop Album Sales: The Week Ending 6/26/2009". HipHopDX.
- Jacobs, Allen (July 1, 2009). "Hip Hop Album Sales: The Week Ending 6/26/2009". HipHopDX.
- "Eminem's 'Relapse' at number nine in USA". Billboard. Archived from the original on May 10, 2013. Retrieved June 17, 2009.
- "Reviews : AllHipHop ChartWatch: 2009's Top Selling Hip-Hop Acts". Allhiphop.com. Retrieved December 20, 2011.
- Paul Grein (March 19, 2014). "Chart Watch: "Frozen" In Place At #1". Yahoo Music.
- Jacobs, Allen. Hip Hop Album Sales: The Week Ending 9/12/2010. HipHopDX. Retrieved September 15, 2010.
- "Gold & Platinum: Searchable Database". Recording Industry Association of America. Archived from the original on December 19, 2015. Retrieved September 12, 2010.
- Reid, Shaheem (April 29, 2010). Eminem Calls Relapse 'Ehh' In New Song, 'Not Afraid'. MTV. Retrieved August 31, 2010.
- "The Oral History Of Bad Meets Evil". Complex. June 13, 2011. Archived from the original on April 3, 2015. Retrieved November 12, 2013.
- Brian Hiatt (November 1, 2013). "Eminem QA Exclusive: The Making of 'Marshall Mathers LP 2' | Music News". Rolling Stone. Retrieved November 12, 2013.
- Tardio, Andres (November 7, 2013). "Eminem Details Mentality Behind Albums In His Discography | Get The Latest Hip Hop News, Rap News & Hip Hop Album Sales". HipHop DX. Retrieved November 12, 2013.
- Marchese, David. "Eminem on His New Album, His Critics, and Hating Donald Trump". Vulture.com. Retrieved December 28, 2017.
- "Eminem – Arose". Genius.com. Retrieved December 28, 2017.
- Alvarez, Gabriel (April 26, 2011). "The 100 Best Eminem Songs". Complex. Complex Media. p. 1. Archived from the original on November 11, 2011. Retrieved October 4, 2011.
- "All 289 Eminem Songs, Ranked". Spin.com. Retrieved October 27, 2014.
- "Eminem's 10 Most Underrated Songs". Billboard.com. Retrieved December 28, 2017.
- "Eminem — Relapse (Album)". swisscharts.com. Hung Medien. Retrieved September 16, 2010.
- "Eminem — Relapse — Music Charts". αCharts.us. Retrieved May 28, 2009.
- "Eminem — Relapse (Album)". austriancharts.at (in German). Hung Medien. April 9, 2010. Retrieved April 16, 2010.
- "Eminem — Relapse (Album)". ultratop.be. ULTRATOP & Hung Medien / hitparade.ch. September 16, 2010. Retrieved April 17, 2010.
- "Canadian Albums — Week of June 06, 2009". Billboard. June 6, 2009. Retrieved August 13, 2010.
- "Eminem — Relapse (Album)". danishcharts.com. Hung Medien. August 28, 2009. Retrieved April 17, 2010.
- "Eminem — Relapse (Album)". finnishcharts.com. Hung Medien. August 22, 2009. Retrieved April 17, 2010.
- "Eminem — Relapse (Album)". lescharts.com (in French). Hung Medien. October 17, 2009. Retrieved April 17, 2010.
- "Eminem's German chart-positions on albums". Musicline.de. Retrieved February 4, 2010.
- "Eminem — Relapse (Album)". greekcharts.com. Hung Medien. January 30, 2010. Archived from the original on March 3, 2012. Retrieved April 17, 2010.
- "Archívum — Slágerlisták — MAHASZ — Magyar Hanglemezkiadók Szövetsége". Mahasz.hu. Retrieved June 25, 2010.
- "FIMI - Federazione Industria Musicale Italiana - Classifiche: Archivio" Archived February 23, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. (in Italian).
- "Eminem first hip hop solo artist to take lead" (in Japanese). Oricon.jp. May 26, 2009.
- "Eminem — Relapse (Album)". mexicancharts.com. Hung Medien. July 25, 2009. Archived from the original on April 4, 2012. Retrieved April 16, 2010.
- "Eminem — Relapse (Album)". dutchcharts.nl (in Dutch). Hung Medien/hitparade.ch. January 2, 2010. Retrieved April 17, 2010.
- "Eminem — Relapse (Album)". charts.org.nz. Hung Medien. January 18, 2010. Retrieved April 16, 2010.
- "Eminem — Relapse (Album)". norwegiancharts.com. Hung Medien. August 23, 2009. Retrieved April 16, 2010.
- "Oficjalna lista sprzedaży :: OLiS - Official Retail Sales Chart". June 1, 2009.
- ""2M" - Российский чарт 22-2009". 2m-online.ru. Retrieved June 25, 2010.[dead link]
- "Eminem heading to South Africa for two shows". The Times. November 18, 2013. Retrieved June 25, 2015.
- "Eminem — Relapse (Album)". spanishcharts.com. Hung Medien. August 23, 2009. Retrieved April 16, 2010.
- "Eminem — Relapse (Album)". swedishcharts.com. Hung Medien. August 14, 2009. Retrieved April 16, 2010.
- "Chart Stats — Eminem". Chart Stats. Retrieved February 14, 2010.
- "Eminem Album & Song Chart History — Billboard.com". Billboard Magazine. Retrieved February 14, 2010.
- "Eminem Chart History (Top Catalog Albums)". Billboard. Retrieved December 21, 2015.
- "ARIA End Of Year Albums 2009". ARIA Charts. Retrieved June 27, 2017.
- "ARIA End Of Year Urban Albums 2009". ARIA Charts. Retrieved June 27, 2017.
- "Jahreshitparade Alben 2009" (in German). Austrian Charts Portal. Hung Medien. Retrieved June 27, 2017.
- "Jaaroverzichten 2009: Album" (in Dutch). Ultratop Flanders. Hung Medien. Retrieved June 27, 2017.
- "Jaaroverzichten – Album 2009" (in Dutch). Dutch Charts Portal. Hung Medien. Retrieved June 27, 2017.
- "Top Selling Albums of 2009". Recording Industry Association of New Zealand. Retrieved June 27, 2017.
- "Årslista Albums – År 2009". Sverigetopplistan. Swedish Recording Industry Association. Archived from the original on March 4, 2014. Retrieved June 27, 2017.
- "Swiss Year-End Charts 2009" (in German). Swiss Charts Portal. Hung Medien. Retrieved June 27, 2017.
- "Billboard 200 albums Year end charts 2009". Billboard.
- "ARIA End Of Year Urban Albums 2010". ARIA Charts. Retrieved June 27, 2017.
- "Top Billboard 200: Best of 2010". Billboard.com. Retrieved January 2, 2011.
- "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 2009 Albums". Australian Recording Industry Association.
- "Austrian album certifications – Eminem – Relapse" (in German). IFPI Austria. Enter Eminem in the field Interpret. Enter Relapse in the field Titel. Select album in the field Format. Click Suchen.
- "Ultratop − Goud en Platina – albums 2009". Ultratop. Hung Medien.
- "French album certifications – Eminem – Relapse" (in French). Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique.
- "IFPI Middle East Awards – 2011". IFPI Middle East. Retrieved September 4, 2013.
- "Gold-/Platin-Datenbank (Eminem; 'Relapse')" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie.
- "Irish album certifications – Eminem – Relapse". Irish Recorded Music Association.
- "Italian album certifications – Eminem – Relapse" (in Italian). Federazione Industria Musicale Italiana.
- "Certificeringer". RIAJ. Retrieved March 16, 2014.
- "Latest Gold / Platinum Albums". Radioscope. 17 July 2011. Archived from the original on 2011-07-24.
- "Russian album certifications – Eminem – Relapse" (in Russian). National Federation of Phonogram Producers (NFPF).
- "The Official Swiss Charts and Music Community: Awards (Eminem; 'Relapse')". IFPI Switzerland. Hung Medien.
- "British album certifications – Eminem – Relapse". British Phonographic Industry. Select albums in the Format field. Select Platinum in the Certification field. Type Relapse in the "Search BPI Awards" field and then press Enter.
- Copsey, Rob (September 5, 2018). "Eminem's Top 10 biggest albums on the Official Chart". Official Charts Company. Retrieved September 5, 2018.
- "American album certifications – Eminem – Relapse". Recording Industry Association of America. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH.
- "Aussie Stores Break Eminem Embargo". Undercover. May 15, 2009. Retrieved May 15, 2009.
- "Universal Music — Eminem — Detail — Relapse (CD)". Universal Music (in German). Retrieved December 21, 2011.
- "Slim Shady is Back!". Universal Music Italy (in Italian). March 5, 2009. Retrieved April 13, 2009.
- "Langverwachte cd Eminem op 15 mei in winkels". Algemeen Nederlands Persbureau (Press release) (in Dutch). March 5, 2009. Archived from the original on April 7, 2012. Retrieved December 21, 2011.
- "Eminem offentligører udgivelsesdato". Gaffa (in Danish). March 6, 2009. Retrieved March 19, 2009.
- "Slim Shady Is Back!". Universal Music France (in French). March 5, 2009. Archived from the original on April 30, 2009. Retrieved April 12, 2009.
- "Eminem lays boot into Kim Kadashian's booty in We Made You". The Daily Telegraph. April 9, 2009. Retrieved December 21, 2011.
- "Relapse (Polska Cena)". Universal Music Poland (in Polish). Retrieved June 14, 2009.
- "O regresso de Slim Shady". Universal Music Portugal (in Portuguese). Archived from the original on May 7, 2009. Retrieved April 12, 2009.
- Эминем возвращается. Universal Music Russia (in Russian). March 10, 2009. Archived from the original on March 28, 2009. Retrieved April 13, 2009.
- "Eminems nya skiva kommer i maj". TT Spektra (through Göteborgs-Posten) (in Swedish). Tidningarnas Telegrambyrå. March 5, 2009. Archived from the original on May 8, 2009. Retrieved April 14, 2009.
- "Relapse (2009)". HMV Group. Archived from the original on March 24, 2012. Retrieved April 12, 2009.
- "Eminem lança single do novo álbum "Relapse", que sai em maio". April 9, 2009. Archived from the original on June 28, 2009.
- "Relapse/ Explicit by Eminem". HMV Group. Retrieved May 12, 2009.[dead link]
- "Eminem — Relapse". Universal Music India. Archived from the original on June 9, 2009. Retrieved May 14, 2009.
- "Eminem: Presenta su nuevo y esperado vídeo "We Made You"". Universal Music Spain (in Spanish). April 8, 2009. Archived from the original on May 7, 2009. Retrieved April 12, 2009.
- "Eminem :: Discography". Universal Music Japan (in Japanese). Retrieved March 19, 2009.
- "Hoy 28 de Mayo se edita en nuestro país el nuevo álbum de Eminem "Relapse"". Universal Music Argentina (in Spanish). May 28, 2009. Retrieved June 14, 2009.[dead link]