King Short Shirt
|King Short Shirt|
|Birth name||McLean Emmanuel|
28 February 1942 |
St John's, Antigua
Sir McLean Emmanuel (born 28 February 1942), better known as King Short Shirt, is an Antiguan singer, best known as one of Antigua's longest standing and most successful calypsonians, but later producing gospel music.
McLean Emmanuel was born in St John's, Antigua in 1942. Early indications of a successful musical career manifested themselves in regular appearances in backyard shows and 'breaking up' concerts at the Spring Gardens Moravian School. On the invitation of a friend who knew of his talent, McLean Emmanuel traveled to St. Thomas after leaving school in Antigua. There, he landed a day job as a construction worker and a small singing gig at a local bar in the evenings.
He returned to Antigua in 1962 and entered his first calypso competition. The following year he finished as second runner-up with his renditions of "Shakespearean" and "Straight Hair". He also had his first hit single with "Parasites". In 1964he won with "No Place Like Home" and "Heritage".
Successive wins were secured in 1965 and 1966, then again in 1969 and 1970. In all, he won 15 titles between 1964 and 1992 – his last year of competition – including 6 wins during his 'decade of victory' from 1970 to 1979; No calypsonian before or since has accomplished as much.
In 1997, he converted to Christianity. Since his conversion, Brother Emmanuel (as he is now known) has largely produced gospel material.
He announced his retirement from competition in 2012 on his 70th birthday. He came out of retirement briefly in 2013 to perform in the local calypso competition, but withdrew before the quarter finals to "give the other guys a chance". He continued to record new material.
In 2014 he received a knighthood from the government of Antigua and Barbuda for his contributions to the promotion of calypso.
In July 2015 he was hospitalised after suffering breathing problems and chest pains; He was diagnosed with blocked arteries and was unable to attend the 2015 carnival.
King Short Shirt was the subject of Dr. James Edwin Knight's documentary King Short Shirt: The Making of the Monarch.
The Monarch's legacy is one of scathing social commentary against injustice of all kinds. His lyrics included black power themes is songs such as "Black Like Me" and "Afro Antiguan". "Lamentation" (1973) was an indication of the disillusionment he felt.
"Power and Authority", "Cry for a Change", and "Unity"are examples of his calypsos with political messages. "Send You King", "Uneasy Head" and "Hands Off Harmonites" deal with his feelings on the process for judging calypso and steelband competitions.
Short Shirt was the most successful challenger for the coveted Road March title, with 7 wins including such songs as "Lucinda", "Jammin", "Summer Festival" and "J'Ouvert Rhythm". The 1976 hit "Tourist Leggo", which placed second at Trinidad and Tobago's Road March to Lord Kitchener's "Flag Woman", created such a stir during Trinidad's Carnival that it forced that country's authorities to initiate a ban on all foreign tunes from the Road March competition. It did, however, win the Antiguan Road March. He also won the local Calypso Monarch crown 15 times and the regional calypso crown seven times.
- Spiced and Styled (1973), A & B
- Ghetto Vibes (1976), Charlie's
- Illusion (1977), A & B
- Wadadlie Rock (1978), Remy
- Press On (1979), A & B
- Summer Festival (1980), Charlie's
- Leroy (1982), A & B
- Hang On (1983), A & B
- Power Pack (1986), B's
- 25th Anniversary (1987), WB
- Gée We Music (1988), A & B
- The Spirit of Carnival (198?), A & B
- The Message (2001), A & B
- Don’t Stop the Music (2002), A & B
- The Standard (2003), A & B
- Speaking Out (2005), A & B
- Non-Stop Dancing: #1 Calypsos (2000), ParrotFish
- Road March Classics (2003), A & B
- Early Years (2007), A & B
- Social Commentaries Classics Pt.1 (2009), A & B/VP
- Social Commentary Part2 (2009), A & B
- Master Of Melody (2009), A & B/VP
- Forever (2009), A & B/VP
- Tribute to the Virgin Isles (2009), A & B/VP
- Thompson, Dave (2002) Reggae & Caribbean Music, Backbeat Books, ISBN 0-87930-655-6, pp. 137–138
- "Biography King Short Shirt". myspace.com. 7 May 2007. Retrieved 19 June 2012.[dead link]
- "King Short Shirt out of the calypso competition", Antigua Observer, 8 July 2013. Retrieved 28 April 2016
- Gordon, Theresa (2015) "King Short Shirt finalising music for Carnival 2015", Antigua Observer, 14 July 2015. Retrieved 28 April 2016
- Blood, Peter Ray (2014) "Big Apple treat for mothers", Trinidad and Tobago Guardian, 9 May 2014. Retrieved 28 April 2016
- "King Short Shirt – A calypso icon honoured", Antigua Observer, 3 August 2012. Retrieved 28 April 2016
- Shepherd, John; Horn, David; Laing, Dave (2005) Continuum Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World, Continuum International Publishing Group Ltd.; 5th edition, ISBN 978-0826474360, p. 9