King Solomon's Mines (1950 film)
|King Solomon's Mines|
Promotional film poster
|Directed by||Compton Bennett
|Produced by||Sam Zimbalist|
|Screenplay by||Helen Deutsch|
|Based on||King Solomon's Mines
by H. Rider Haggard
|Music by||Mischa Spoliansky|
|Edited by||Ralph E. Winters
Conrad A. Nervig
King Solomon's Mines is a 1950 Technicolor adventure film, the second of five film adaptations of the 1885 novel of the same name by Henry Rider Haggard. It stars Deborah Kerr, Stewart Granger and Richard Carlson. It was adapted by Helen Deutsch, directed by Compton Bennett and Andrew Marton and released by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.
Allan Quatermain (Stewart Granger), an experienced hunter and guide, reluctantly agrees to help courageous, flame-haired Elizabeth Curtis (Deborah Kerr) and her brother John Goode (Richard Carlson) search for her husband, who disappeared in the unexplored African interior while searching for the legendary mines. They have a copy of the map he used. A tall, mysterious native, Umbopa (Siriaque), joins the safari. Quartermain has no use for women on a safari, but soon finds himself irresistibly attracted to the outwardly prim but inwardly passionate Elizabeth. During the long and grueling journey, they begin falling in love.
The party encounters Van Brun (Hugo Haas), a lone white man living with a tribe. They learn that he met Curtis. However, when Allan recognizes him as a fugitive who cannot afford to let them go, they take him hostage to leave the village safely. Van Brun tries to shoot Allan, killing his faithful right-hand man Khiva (Kimursi). Allan dispatches Van Brun and the party flees from the angry villagers.
When they finally reach the region where the mines are supposed to be, they are met by people who resemble Umbopa. They discover that their companion is royalty; he has returned to attempt to dethrone the evil King Twala (Baziga). Umbopa leaves with his supporters, while Allan, Elizabeth and John travel to a tense meeting with Twala. With his last rifle bullet, John kills a would-be attacker, temporarily quelling the natives.
The king's advisor, Gagool (Sekaryongo), communicates that they have seen Curtis and leads them to a cave that contains a trove of jewels and in which they find the skeletal remains of Elizabeth's husband. While they are distracted by this discovery, Gagool sneaks away and triggers a booby trap that seals them inside the cave. Leaving the jewels behind, they find a way out through an underground stream and return to the settlement, just as Umbopa and his followers arrive.
Umbopa's people have an unusual method of deciding the kingship. The two claimants duel to the death. Despite cheating by one of Twala's men, Umbopa wins. Afterwards, he provides an escort for his friends' return trip.
- Deborah Kerr as Elizabeth Curtis
- Stewart Granger as Allan Quatermain
- Richard Carlson as John Goode
- Hugo Haas as Van Brun a.k.a. Smith
- Lowell Gilmore as Eric Masters, District Commissioner
- Kimursi as Khiva, Chief Bearer in Red Fez (credited as Kimursi of the Kipsigi Tribe)
- Siriaque as Umbopa, Tall Prince-in-Exile
- Sekaryongo as Chief Gagool, Witch-like Guide to Diamond Mines
- Baziga as King Twala, Usurper (credited as Baziga of the Watussi Tribe)
Like virtually all film versions, this also changes Haggard's plot to include a female lead. But it strays even further from the novel than the 1937 British adaptation King Solomon's Mines. There are several African characters in the book, particularly Umbopa, a king in disguise. In the earlier film, Paul Robeson received top billing for the role, whereas in this version, Umbopa's importance is greatly reduced.
Deborah Kerr was announced as the female lead from the beginning. MGM wanted Errol Flynn to co star. Flynn eventually chose instead to star in Kim. Stewart Granger was signed instead. The studio employed a British director, Compton Bennett.
Filming took place at the following locations in Africa: Murchison Falls in Uganda; Astrida, "the land of giant Watusis"; Volcano Country and Stanleyville in the Belgian Congo; Tanganyika; and Rumuruti and Machakos in Kenya. The film marked the beginning of Eva Monley's career as a Hollywood location scout and producer, specializing in Africa. Monley received her first film job as a script supervisor and assistant during production of King Solomon's Mines. Additionally, the cave scene was filmed in the Slaughter Canyon Cave in Carlsbad Caverns National Park and other scenes at nearby Sitting Bull Falls in Lincoln National Forest, both in New Mexico, USA.
According to MGM records the film earned $5,047,000 in the US and Canada. It made $4,908,000 elsewhere. After production and other associate costs were deducted, the movie made a profit of $4,049,000, making it easily MGM's most successful film of 1950.
Awards and nominations
Other film versions
Other films based on H. Rider Haggard's novel include:
- The 1936 British film King Solomon's Mines, directed by Robert Stevenson and Geoffrey Barkas and starring Paul Robeson and Cedric Hardwicke.
- In 1959, M-G-M released a film entitled Watusi, that was loosely based on Haggard's novel. That film was directed by Kurt Neumann and starred George Montgomery, Taina Elg and Rex Ingram. Reviews of the 1959 film indicate that M-G-M used some footage of the earlier film for Watusi. Modern sources indicate that leftover footage from its 1950 film was also used in the 1977 Canadian-British film King Solomon's Treasure.
- Another film based on Haggard's Allan Quatermain is the 1987 Cannon release Allan Quatermain and the Lost City of Gold, which was filmed concurrently with its 1985 King Solomon's Mines and also starred Richard Chamberlain and Sharon Stone.
- Two part TV miniseries King Solomon's Mines starred Patrick Swayze and Alison Doody.
- 'The Eddie Mannix Ledger’, Margaret Herrick Library, Center for Motion Picture Study, Los Angeles
- HEDDA HOPPER. (1949, Jul 23). Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/165994338?accountid=13902
- By THOMAS F BRADYSpecial to THE NEW,YORK TIMES. (1949, Aug 03). STEWART GRANGER SIGNS WITH METRO. New York Times (1923-Current File) Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/105767934?accountid=13902
- By, T. F. (1949, Aug 07). VIDEO PROBLEM. New York Times (1923-Current File) Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/105748035?accountid=13902
- Scheuer, P. K. (1949, Oct 02). ROLE IN MOVIE TO TAKE BRITISH STAR 42,600 MILES. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/165994963?accountid=13902
- "King Solomon's Mines (1950): Notes". Turner Classic Movies.
- "Eva Monley dies at 88". Variety Magazine. 2011-11-21. Retrieved 2011-12-11.
- "Vivien Leigh Actress of the Year.". Townsville Daily Bulletin (Qld.: National Library of Australia). 29 December 1951. p. 1. Retrieved 9 July 2012.
- Box office information for Stewart Granger films in France at Box Office Story
- Kirby, Walter (November 30, 1952). "Better Radio Programs for the Week". The Decatur Daily Review. p. 48. Retrieved June 14, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
- King Solomon's Mines at AllMovie
- King Solomon's Mines at the TCM Movie Database
- King Solomon's Mines at the Internet Movie Database
- King Solomon's Mines at the American Film Institute Catalog
- King Solomon's Mines on Lux Radio Theater: December 1, 1952
- Zone Troopers: Website about the different Allan Quatermain and King Solomon's Mine films