King William Street, London

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North end of King William Street looking towards Monument station.

King William Street is a street in the City of London, the historic nucleus and modern financial centre of London. It is a two-way street linking Lombard Street, at its northern end, with London Bridge, which marks the start of the start of the A3 route to Portsmouth.


Monument junction, where King William Street and Gracechurch Street converge.

King William Street runs from its northern end at a junction with Lombard Street by the church of St Mary Woolnoth, southeast to Monument junction, where it meets Gracechurch Street and Cannon Street. King William Street then continues south into London Bridge. The nearest London Underground stations are Bank and Monument;[1] the former King William Street station was once sited on the road, at the corner of Monument Street.

The road was built between 1829 and 1835 and is named after the reigning monarch of the time, King William IV.[2] In 1902 it was the scene of the fatal stabbing of Arthur Reginald Baker by his lover Kitty Byron, at an entrance to the Lombard Street post office which at that time was located on King William Street. Today, it houses a number of investment banks and City firms.

Notable buildings[edit]

  • No. 1, was originally constructed as the head office of the London Assurance Corporation on the site of the first clubhouse of the Gresham Club. It has housed the Rothschild headquarters.[3]
  • Adelaide House, a Grade II listed building,[4] is located at the far southern end of King William Street, adjacent to London Bridge.
  • Opposite and also adjacent to the bridge is Fish Hall, the livery hall of the Worshipful Company of Fishmongers.[5]

In literature[edit]

King William Street c. 1890, photographed by Francis Frith.

King William Street is mentioned in T. S. Eliot's poem The Waste Land. Lines 60–68 read:

Unreal City,
Under the brown fog of a winter dawn,
A crowd flowed over London Bridge, so many,
I had not thought death had undone so many.
Sighs, short and infrequent, were exhaled,
And each man fixed his eyes before his feet.
Flowed up the hill and down King William Street,
To where Saint Mary Woolnoth kept the hours
With a dead sound on the final stroke of nine.

At the time he wrote this section, Eliot was working for a bank in the City.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "King William Street Guide".
  2. ^ Weinreb, Ben; Hibbert, Christopher. The London Encyclopaedia (1983 ed.). Macmillan. p. 445. Consulted 15 January 2014.
  3. ^ Hipwell, Deirdre (9 May 2011). "Rothschild building snatched from under its nose by Asian pension fund". The Times. ISSN 0140-0460. Retrieved 31 July 2018.
  4. ^ "ADELAIDE HOUSE, non Civil Parish - 1064621 | Historic England".
  5. ^ "You Probably Pass This Building All the Time... But Did You Know About Its Fishy History?". 18 March 2019.

Coordinates: 51°30′34″N 0°5′13″W / 51.50944°N 0.08694°W / 51.50944; -0.08694