List of kings of Athens
These three kings were supposed to have ruled before the flood of Deucalion.
|Periphas||Turned into an eagle by Zeus|
|Ogyges||King of the Ectenes who were the earliest inhabitants of Boeotia|
|Actaeus||Father of Agraulus, and father-in-law to Cecrops|
The early Athenian tradition, followed by the 3rd century BC Parian Chronicle, made Cecrops, a mythical half-man half-serpent, the first king of Athens. The dates for the following kings were conjectured centuries later, by historians of the Hellenistic era who tried to backdate events by cross-referencing earlier sources such as the Parian Chronicle. Tradition says that King Menestheus took part in the Trojan War.
|1556–1506 BC||Cecrops I|
|1437–1397 BC||Pandion I|
|1347–1307 BC||Cecrops II||Omitted in Heraclides' epitome of Aristotle's Constitution of the Athenians|
|1307–1282 BC||Pandion II|
|1282–1234 BC||Aegeus||Construction of Trojan Walls by Poseidon, Apollo and Aeacus (c. 1282 BC)|
|1205–1183 BC||Menestheus||Trojan War and the Sack of Troy (c. 1183 BC)|
After Codrus's death, his sons Medon and Acastus either reigned as kings, or became hereditary archons. In 753 BC the hereditary archonship was replaced by a non-hereditary system (see Archons of Athens).
- King of Agea, not Athens; The name of Ogyges is also connected with Attic story, for in Attica too an Ogygian flood is mentioned, and he is described as the father of the Attic hero Eleusis, and as the father of Daeira (Oceanid), the daughter of Oceanas. (Pans, i. 38. § 7.)
- A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology: Oarses-Zygia. Edited by William Smith. Pg 20
- or Hectenes
- Harding, pp. 20–22; Gantz, p. 234.
- Harding, p. 14.
- Gantz, p. 235.
- See also Iliupersis
- Troy VIIa destruction layer at c. 1190 BC
- Pausanias's Description of Greece – Volume 3 – Page 64. (cf. The successors of Codrus were Medon (son of Codrus), Acastus (son of Medon) [...])
- Aristotle, Constitution of the Athenians §3.
- Gantz, Timothy, Early Greek Myth: A Guide to Literary and Artistic Sources, Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996, Two volumes: ISBN 978-0801853609 (Vol. 1), ISBN 978-0801853623 (Vol. 2).
- Harding, Phillip, The Story of Athens: The Fragments of the Local Chronicles of Attika, Routledge, 2007. ISBN 9781134304479.
- Jacoby, Felix, "Die Attische Königsliste," Klio 3 (1902), 406–439.