List of kings of Greece

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For the concept of kingship in Greek, see Wanax and Basileus. For the kings of various polities in ancient Greece, see their articles. For the kings or emperors of the Eastern Roman Empire, see list of Byzantine emperors.
Monarchy of Greece
Royal Coat of Arms of Greece.svg
King Constantine.jpg
Constantine II
Details
Style His Majesty
First monarch Otto I
(as King of Greece)
Last monarch Constantine II
(as King of the Hellenes)
Formation 27 May 1832
Abolition 1 June 1973
Residence New Royal Palace
Appointer Hereditary
Pretender(s) Constantine II

This is a list of kings of the modern state of Greece. The Kingdom of Greece was ruled by the House of Wittelsbach between 1832 and 1862 and by the House of Glücksburg from 1862 to 1924, temporarily abolished during the Second Hellenic Republic, and from 1935 to 1973, when it was permanently abolished and replaced by the Republic of Greece.

Only the first king, Otto I, was actually styled King of Greece (Greek: Βασιλεύς τῆς Ἑλλάδος). His successor, George I, was styled King of the Hellenes (Βασιλεύς τῶν Ἑλλήνων), as were all other modern monarchs.

A republic was briefly established from 1924 to 1935. The restored monarchy was abolished following a referendum in 1973 conducted under the auspices of the then-ruling military regime. Its finding was confirmed by a second referendum in 1974, after the restoration of democratic rule.

Kingdom of Greece (1832–1974)[edit]

House of Wittelsbach[edit]

Main article: House of Wittelsbach

The London Conference of 1832 was an international conference convened to establish a stable government in Greece. Negotiations between the three Great Powers (United Kingdom, France and Russia) resulted in the establishment of the Kingdom of Greece under a Bavarian Prince. The decisions were ratified in the Treaty of Constantinople later that year.

The convention offered the throne to the Bavarian Prince, Otto. They also established the line of succession which would pass the crown to Otto's descendants, or his younger brothers should he have no issue. It was also decided that in no case there would be a personal union of the crowns of Greece and Bavaria.

Portrait Coat of Arms Name Reign Relationship with Predecessor(s) Title
Prinz Otto von Bayern Koenig von Griechenland 1833.jpg Greek CoA (1831-1863).svg Otto I
(Ὄθων Αʹ)
27 May 1832[1] 23 October 1862  • None; elected King for his Byzantine ancestry King of Greece
(Βασιλεύς τῆς Ἑλλάδος)

House of Glücksburg[edit]

Main article: House of Glücksburg

In October 1862, King Otto was deposed in a popular revolt, but while the Greek people rejected Otto, they did not seem averse to the concept of monarchy per se. Many Greeks, seeking closer ties to the pre-eminent world power, Great Britain, rallied around the idea that Prince Alfred, the second son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, could become the next King. British Foreign Secretary Lord Palmerston believed that the Greeks were "panting for increase in territory", hoping that the election of Alfred as King would also result in the incorporation of the Ionian Islands, which were then a British protectorate, into an enlarged Greek state.

The London Conference of 1832, however, had prohibited any of the Great Powers' ruling families from accepting the crown of Greece, and in any event, Queen Victoria was adamantly opposed to the idea. Nevertheless, the Greeks insisted on holding a referendum on the issue of the head of state in November 1862. It was the first referendum ever held in Greece.

Prince Alfred turned down the Kingship and Prince William of Denmark, son of Prince Christian of Denmark, was elected by the National Assembly to become King George I of the Hellenes.

Portrait Coat of Arms Name Reign Relationship with Predecessor(s) Title
King George of Hellenes.jpg Royal Arms of Greece (1863-1936).svg George I
(Γεώργιος Αʹ)
30 March 1863 18 March 1913  • Seventh cousin once removed through William the Younger, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg. Elected King King of the Hellenes
(Βασιλεύς τῶν Ἑλλήνων)
Constantine I of Greece (1914).jpg Royal Arms of Greece (1863-1936).svg Constantine I
(Κωνσταντῖνος Αʹ)
18 March 1913 11 June 1917  • Son of George I King of the Hellenes
(Βασιλεύς τῶν Ἑλλήνων)
King Alexander of Greece.jpg Royal Arms of Greece (1863-1936).svg Alexander I
(Ἀλέξανδρος Αʹ)
11 June 1917 25 October 1920  • Son of Constantine I King of the Hellenes
(Βασιλεύς τῶν Ἑλλήνων)
Constantine I of Greece (1914).jpg Royal Arms of Greece (1863-1936).svg Constantine I
(Κωνσταντῖνος Αʹ)
19 December 1920 27 September 1922  • Son of George I; father of Alexander I King of the Hellenes
(Βασιλεύς τῶν Ἑλλήνων)
Georgeiiofgreece.jpg Royal Arms of Greece (1863-1936).svg George II
(Γεώργιος Βʹ)
27 September 1922 25 March 1924  • Son of Constantine I; brother of Alexander I King of the Hellenes
(Βασιλεύς τῶν Ἑλλήνων)
Flag of Greece (1822-1978).svgSecond Hellenic Republic (1924–1935) • Coat of arms of Greece (1924–1935).svg
Georgeiiofgreece.jpg Royal Arms of Greece (1936-1967).svg George II
(Γεώργιος Βʹ)
3 November 1935 1 April 1947  • Son of Constantine I; brother of Alexander I King of the Hellenes
(Βασιλεύς τῶν Ἑλλήνων)
Paul I of Greece.jpg Royal Arms of Greece (1936-1967).svg Paul I
(Παῦλος Aʹ)
1 April 1947 6 March 1964  • Son of Constantine I King of the Hellenes
(Βασιλεύς τῶν Ἑλλήνων)
King Constantine.jpg Royal Arms of Greece (1936-1967).svg Constantine II
(Κωνσταντῖνος Βʹ)
6 March 1964 13 December 1967
(exiled)
1 June 1973
(deposed)
 • Son of Paul I King of the Hellenes
(Βασιλεύς τῶν Ἑλλήνων)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Protocol signed in 1832 but landed in Greece on 6 February 1833.