List of kings of Munster

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Munster about the year 900 (Osraige was previously part of Munster)

The name Munster is derived from the Gaelic God, Muman. The province of Munster was once divided into six regions: Tuadh Mhuman (north Munster), Des Mhuman (south Munster), Aur/Ur Mumhan (east Munster), Iar mumhan or Iarmuman (west Munster), Ernaibh Muman (the Ernai tribe's portion of Munster), and Deisi Muman (the Deisi tribe's portion of Munster). Ultimately, these were all subsumed into the kingdoms of Thomond (north), Desmond (south), and Ormond (east), all of which were eventually subsumed by surrender and regrant as Earldoms in the Peerage of Ireland. The names exist only indirectly today, particularly in the case of Thomond. The three crowns represent these three kingdoms.

Ancient and Mythological Kings of Munster[edit]

Historical Kings of Cashel, Iarmuman, and Munster[edit]

These were not true kings of Munster until the late 7th century, when the Corcu Loígde fell entirely from power, some time after losing their grip on the Kingdom of Osraige. Thus approximately the first twenty five kings below are best described as Kings of Cashel, Kings of Iarmuman, or Kings of the Eóganachta. Faílbe Flann mac Áedo Duib, the only exception, was the first Eóganacht to significantly project outside Munster, but Iarmuman was still a great rival of Cashel in his time, and little is known of his successors before Cathal mac Finguine.

At and before this time also flourished the independent Uí Fidgenti and Uí Liatháin, a pair of shadowy sister kingdoms whose official origins appear to have been tampered with in the 8th century in a semi-successful attempt to integrate them into the Eóganachta political structure and genealogical scheme. Diplomatic relations and an alliance were achieved with the Uí Fidgenti, much to the credit of the Eóganachta, but for unknown reasons the Uí Liatháin remained effective outsiders.

Of the Eóganachta, unless noted.

Eóganacht Chaisil, 961-963[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Donnchad mac Cellacháin
Donagh II
959–963
MacCarthy.png Son of Cellachán Caisil unknown 963

Eóganacht Raithlind, 959-978[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Máel Muad mac Brain
Malloy
959–970
976–978
Blason famille fr O'Mahony.svg Son of Brian one son 978

Uí Ímair, 960-977[edit]

See also: Uí Ímair
Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Ivar of Limerick
Ivar
960–977
(de facto)
Coat of arms of Isle of Man.svg uncertain several children 977

Dál gCais, 970-1014[edit]

See also: Dál gCais
Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Mathgamain mac Cennétig
Mahon
970–976
Sword of Nuada.png Son of Cennétig mac Lorcáin unknown 976
Brian Bóruma mac Cennétig
Brian
978–1014
Brain Boru sculpture outside Chapel Royal outside Dublin Castle.JPG c. 941
Son of Cennétig mac Lorcáin and Bé Binn inion Urchadh
(1) Mór
three sons
(2) Echrad
one son
(3) Gormflaith
one son
23 April 1014

Other, 1014-1025[edit]

Ó Briain, 1025-1119[edit]

See also: Ó Briain
Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Donnchad mac Briain
Donagh III
1025–1064
Sword of Nuada.png Son of Brian Bóruma and Gormflaith ingen Murchada Cacht ingen Ragnaill
Three children
1064
Murchad mac Donnchada
Murrough
1064–1068
Sword of Nuada.png Son of Donnchad mac Briain and Cacht ingen Ragnaill unknown 1068
Toirdhealbhach Ua Briain
Turlough I
1068–1086
Sword of Nuada.png 1009
Son of Tadc mac Briain and Mór
(1) Dubchoblaig
One son
(2) Derbforgaill
Two sons
1086
Muircheartach Ua Briain
Murtagh I
1086–1114
1118–1119
Sword of Nuada.png 1050
Son of Toirdhealbhach Ua Briain
Derb Forgaill ingen Uí Laidcnén
Three children
1119
Diarmait Ua Briain
Dermot
1114–1118
Sword of Nuada.png 1060
Son of Toirdhealbhach Ua Briain
unknown 1118
Brian Ua Briain
Brian II
1118
Sword of Nuada.png Son of Murchad mac Donnchada unknown 1118

Mac Cárthaigh, 1127-1138[edit]

See also: Mac Cárthaigh
Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Cormac Mac Carthaigh
Cormac III
1127–1138
MacCarthy.png Son of Muireadach Mac Carthaigh unknown 1138

Ó Briain, 1138-1194[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Conchobar Ua Briain
Connor
1138–1142
(claimant)
Sword of Nuada.png Son of Diarmait Ua Briain unknown 1142
Toirdelbhach mac Diarmaida Ua Briain
Turlough II
1142–1167
(claimant)
Sword of Nuada.png Son of Diarmait Ua Briain unknown 1167
Muirchertach mac Toirdelbhach Ua Briain
Murtagh II
1167–1168
(claimant)
Sword of Nuada.png Son of Toirdelbhach mac Diarmaida Ua Briain unknown 1168
Domnall Mór Ua Briain
Donal
1168–1194
(claimant)
Sword of Nuada.png Son of Toirdelbhach mac Diarmaida Ua Briain Orlacan Ní Murchada
Three children
1194

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  • Bryne, Francis J. Irish Kings and High Kings. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1973.
  • Charles-Edwards, T.M. Early Christian Ireland. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000. ISBN 0-521-36395-0
  • Moody, T.W.; F.J. Byrne and F.X. Martin, ed. A New History of Ireland. Vol. IX. New York: Oxford University Press, 1982. ISBN 0-19-821744-7
  • Áed Ua Crimthainn, Book of Leinster, c. 1160.
  • The Laud Synchronisms. K. Meyer, 1913.

External links[edit]