List of kings of Munster

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Kings of Munster
Rí Mumhan
Kingdom of Munster-900.svg
Map of Munster, c. 10th century.
Details
Style Rí Mumhan
First monarch Bodb Derg
Last monarch Cormac Mac Carthaig
Formation Ancient
Abolition 1138 (or 1194)
Residence Rock of Cashel
Appointer Tanistry
Pretender(s) Disputed:
Conor Myles John O'Brien
(Ó Briain)
Liam Trant MacCarthy
(Mac Cárthaigh)

The kings of Munster (Irish: Rí Mumhan), ruled from the establishment of Munster during the Irish Iron Age, until the High Middle Ages. According to Gaelic traditional history, laid out in works such as the Book of Invasions, the earliest king of Munster was Bodb Derg of the Tuatha Dé Danann. From the Gaelic peoples, an Érainn kindred known as the Dáirine (also known as Corcu Loígde and represented today in seniority by the Ó hEidirsceoil), provided several early monarchs including Cú Roí. In a process in the Cath Maige Mucrama, the Érainn would lose out in the 2nd century AD to the Deirgtine, ancestors of the Dal gCais. Munster during this period was classified as part of Leath Moga, or the southern-half, while other parts of Ireland were ruled mostly by the Connachta.

After losing Osraige to the east, Cashel was established as the capital of Munster by the Eóganachta. This kindred ruled without interruption until the 10th century. Although the High Kingship of Ireland was dominated during this time by the Uí Néill, the Eóganachta of Munster did provide Cathal mac Finguine and Fedelmid mac Crimthainn as serious contenders. This great tribe was broken down into different septs or branches, the most successful in terms of royalty were the Eóganacht Chaisil (represented by the Ó Súilleabháin and Mac Cárthaigh), Eóganacht Glendamnach (represented by the Ó Caoimh) and Eóganacht Áine (represented by the Ó Ciarmhaic).

Their hold was loosened by the rise of Brian Bóruma of the Dál gCais, who established the Ó Briain as kings of Munster. As well as this Munster had to contend with the Normans. Finally, the kingdom ended as it was split into Thomond, Desmond and Ormond. The former two came to an end during the 16th century with birth of the Tudor Kingdom of Ireland, with former rulers joining the Peerage of Ireland. There were a number of Gaelic attempts to reassert their power in Munster, such as that of Fínghin Mac Cárthaigh and Domhnall Cam Ó Súilleabháin Bhéara, but these were not successful.

Ancient and Mythological Kings of Munster[edit]

Historical Kings of Cashel, Iarmuman, and Munster[edit]

These were not true kings of Munster until the late 7th century, when the Corcu Loígde fell entirely from power, some time after losing their grip on the Kingdom of Osraige. Thus approximately the first twenty five kings below are best described as Kings of Cashel, Kings of Iarmuman, or Kings of the Eóganachta. Faílbe Flann mac Áedo Duib, the only exception, was the first Eóganacht to significantly project outside Munster, but Iarmuman was still a great rival of Cashel in his time, and little is known of his successors before Cathal mac Finguine.

At and before this time also flourished the independent Uí Fidgenti and Uí Liatháin, a pair of shadowy sister kingdoms whose official origins appear to have been tampered with in the 8th century in a semi-successful attempt to integrate them into the Eóganachta political structure and genealogical scheme. Diplomatic relations and an alliance were achieved with the Uí Fidgenti, much to the credit of the Eóganachta, but for unknown reasons the Uí Liatháin remained effective outsiders.

Of the Eóganachta, unless noted.

Eóganacht Chaisil, -500[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Corc mac Luigthig
O'Sullivan.png Son of Luigthech mac Ailill Flann Bec Aimend
several children
unknown
Nad Froích mac Cuirc
–453
O'Sullivan.png Son of Corc mac Luigthig unknown 453
Óengus mac Nad Froích
453–489
O'Sullivan.png Son of Nad Froích mac Cuirc Eithne Uathach
purported to have had twenty-four sons and twenty-four daughters
489
Feidlimid mac Óengusa
489–500
O'Sullivan.png Son of Óengus mac Nad Froích unknown 500

Eóganacht Glendamnach, 500-596[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Eochaid mac Óengusa
500–522
Ó Caoimh.png Son of Óengus mac Nad Froích unknown 522
Crimthann Srem mac Echado
522–542
Ó Caoimh.png Son of Eochaid mac Óengusa unknown 542
Coirpre Cromm mac Crimthainn
542–577
Ó Caoimh.png Son of Crimthann Srem mac Echado unknown 577
Feidlimid mac Coirpri Chruimm
577–596
(possible)
Ó Caoimh.png Son of Coirpre Cromm mac Crimthainn unknown 596

Eóganacht Airthir Cliach, 577-582[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Fergus Scandal mac Crimthainn
577–582
Ó Caoimh.png Son of Crimthann Srem mac Echado unknown 582

Eóganacht Raithlind, 582-588[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Feidlimid mac Tigernaig
582–588
Blason famille fr O'Mahony.svg Son of Tighearnach mac Aedh unknown 588

Eóganacht Áine, 596-601[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Amalgaid mac Éndai
596–601
Ó Ciarmhaic.png Son of Éndai unknown 601
Garbán mac Éndai
596–601
Ó Ciarmhaic.png Son of Éndai unknown 601

Eóganacht Chaisil, 601-618[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Fíngen mac Áedo Duib
601–618
O'Sullivan.png Son of Áedo Duib Mór Muman
several children
618

Eóganacht Locha Léin, 618[edit]

See also: Ó Cathail
Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Áed Bennán mac Crimthainn
618
Ó Cathail.png Son of Crimthainn mac Cobhtach unknown 618

Eóganacht Glendamnach, 618-627[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Cathal mac Áedo
618–627
Ó Caoimh.png Son of Áed Fland Cathrach Mór Muman
several children
627

Eóganacht Chaisil, 627-639[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Faílbe Flann mac Áedo Duib
627–639
MacCarthy.png Son of Áedo Duib unknown 639

Eóganacht Áine, 639-641[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Cúán mac Amalgado
639–641
Ó Ciarmhaic.png Son of Amalgaid mac Éndai unknown 641

Eóganacht Chaisil, 641-661[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Máenach mac Fíngin
641–661
O'Sullivan.png Son of Fíngen mac Áedo Duib and Mór Muman unknown 661

Eóganacht Glendamnach, 661-665[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Cathal Cú-cen-máthair
661–665
Ó Caoimh.png Son of Cathal mac Áedo several children 665

Eóganacht Chaisil, 665-678[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Colgú mac Faílbe Flaind
665–678
MacCarthy.png Son of Faílbe Flann mac Áedo Duib unknown 678

Eóganacht Glendamnach, 678-701[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Finguine mac Cathail
678–696
Ó Caoimh.png Son of Cathal Cú-cen-máthair several children 696
Ailill mac Cathail
696–701
Ó Caoimh.png Son of Cathal Cú-cen-máthair unknown 701

Eóganacht Chaisil, 701-712[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Cormac mac Ailello
701–712
O'Sullivan.png Son of Ailello mac Máenach unknown 712

Eóganacht Áine, 712-721[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Eterscél mac Máele Umai
712–721
Ó Ciarmhaic.png Son of Máel Umai mac Cúán unknown 721

Eóganacht Glendamnach, 721-742[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Cathal mac Finguine
721–742
Ó Caoimh.png Son of Finguine mac Cathail several children 742

Eóganacht Áine, 742-769[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Cathussach mac Eterscélai
742–769
Ó Ciarmhaic.png Son of Eterscél mac Máele Umai unknown 769

Eóganacht Locha Léin, 769-786[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Máel Dúin mac Áedo
769–786
Ó Muircheartaigh.png Son of Áed Bennán mac Conaing unknown 786

Eóganacht Áine, 786-805[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Ólchobar mac Duib-Indrecht
786–805[nb 1]
Ó Ciarmhaic.png Son of Duib-Indrecht unknown 805

Eóganacht Glendamnach, 805-820[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Artrí mac Cathail
805–820
Ó Caoimh.png Son of Cathal mac Finguine one son 820
Tnúthgal mac Artrach
[nb 2]
(possible)
Ó Caoimh.png Son of Artrí mac Cathail unknown 807

Eóganacht Chaisil, 820-847[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Tnúthgal mac Donngaile
807–820
(possible)
MacCarthy.png Son of Máel Donngaile unknown 820
Feidlimid mac Cremthanin
820–847
O'Sullivan.png Son of Crimthainn unknown 28 August 847

Eóganacht Áine, 847-851[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Ólchobar mac Cináeda
847–851
Ó Ciarmhaic.png Son of Cináeda unknown 851

Eóganacht Chaisil, 851-859[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Áilgenán mac Donngaile
851–853
MacCarthy.png Son of Donngaile unknown 853
Máel Gualae mac Donngaile
853–859
MacCarthy.png Son of Donngaile one son 859

Eóganacht Áine, 859-872[edit]

See also: Abbot of Emly
Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Cenn Fáelad hua Mugthigirn
859–872
Ó Ciarmhaic.png Son of Mugthigirn unknown 872

Eóganacht Chaisil, 872-908[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Dúnchad mac Duib-dá-Bairenn
872–888
MacCarthy.png Son of Duib-dá-Bairenn mac Crundmáel unknown 888
Dub Lachtna mac Máele Gualae
888–895
MacCarthy.png Son of Máel Gualae mac Donngaile unknown 895
Finguine Cenn nGécan mac Loégairi
895–902
MacCarthy.png Son of Loégairi mac Duib-dá-Bairenn unknown 902
Cormac mac Cuilennáin
902–908
O'Sullivan.png Son of Cuilennáin mac Selbach unknown 908

Múscraige, 908-944[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Flaithbertach mac Inmainén
908–944
Ó Donnagáin.png Son of Inmainén unknown 944

Eóganacht Chaisil, 944-957[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Lorcán mac Coinlígáin
944–
MacCarthy.png Son of Coinlígáin mac Corcrán unknown unknown
Cellachán Caisil
–954
MacCarthy.png Son of Buadacháin mac Lachtnae one son 954
Máel Fathardaig mac Flann
954–957
O'Sullivan.png Son of Flann mac Donnchad one son 957

Eóganacht Raithlind, 957-959[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Dub-dá-Bairenn mac Domnaill
957–959
O'Donoghue.png Son of Domnall mac Dub-dá-Bairenn unknown 959

Eóganacht Chaisil, 959-963[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Fer Gráid mac Clérig
959–961
MacCarthy.png Son of Clérig mac Áilgenán unknown 961
Donnchad mac Cellacháin
959–963
MacCarthy.png Son of Cellachán Caisil unknown 963

Eóganacht Raithlind, 959-978[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Máel Muad mac Brain
959–970
976–978
Blason famille fr O'Mahony.svg Son of Brian one son 978

Uí Ímair, 960-977[edit]

See also: Uí Ímair
Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Ivar of Limerick
960–977
(de facto)
Coat of arms of Isle of Man.svg uncertain several children 977

Dál gCais, 970-1014[edit]

See also: Dál gCais
Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Mathgamain mac Cennétig
970–976
Sword of Nuada.png Son of Cennétig mac Lorcáin unknown 976
Brian Bóruma mac Cennétig
978–1014
Sword of Nuada.png c. 941
Son of Cennétig mac Lorcáin and Bé Binn inion Urchadh
(1) Mór
three sons
(2) Echrad
one son
(3) Gormflaith
one son
23 April 1014

Eóganacht Chaisil, 1014-1025[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Dúngal Hua Donnchada
1014–1025
O'Sullivan.png Son of Máel Fathardaig mac Flann unknown 1025

Ó Briain, 1025-1119[edit]

See also: Ó Briain
Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Donnchad mac Briain
1025–1064
Sword of Nuada.png Son of Brian Bóruma and Gormflaith ingen Murchada Cacht ingen Ragnaill
Three children
1064
Murchad mac Donnchada
1064–1068
Sword of Nuada.png Son of Donnchad mac Briain and Cacht ingen Ragnaill unknown 1068
Toirdhealbhach Ua Briain
1068–1086
Sword of Nuada.png 1009
Son of Tadc mac Briain and Mór
(1) Dubchoblaig
One son
(2) Derbforgaill
Two sons
1086
Muircheartach Ua Briain
1086–1114
1118–1119
Sword of Nuada.png 1050
Son of Toirdhealbhach Ua Briain
Derb Forgaill ingen Uí Laidcnén
Three children
1119
Diarmait Ua Briain
1114–1118
Sword of Nuada.png 1060
Son of Toirdhealbhach Ua Briain
unknown 1118
Brian Ua Briain
1118
Sword of Nuada.png Son of Murchad mac Donnchada unknown 1118

Mac Cárthaigh, 1127-1138[edit]

See also: Mac Cárthaigh
Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Cormac Mac Carthaigh
11271138
MacCarthy.png Son of Muireadach Mac Carthaigh unknown 1138

Ó Briain, 1138-1194[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Conchobar Ua Briain
1138–1142
(claimant)
Sword of Nuada.png Son of Diarmait Ua Briain unknown 1142
Toirdelbhach mac Diarmaida Ua Briain
1142–1167
(claimant)
Sword of Nuada.png Son of Diarmait Ua Briain unknown 1167
Muirchertach mac Toirdelbhach Ua Briain
1167–1168
(claimant)
Sword of Nuada.png Son of Toirdelbhach mac Diarmaida Ua Briain unknown 1168
Domnall Mór Ua Briain
1168–1194
(claimant)
Sword of Nuada.png Son of Toirdelbhach mac Diarmaida Ua Briain Orlacan Ní Murchada
Three children
1194

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ In the Annals of Ulster, Ólchobar mac Flainn of the Uí Fidgenti was confused with Ólchobar mac Duib-Indrecht of the Eóganacht Áine and claimed to have been a King of Munster. It is very likely that only Ólchobar mac Duib-Indrecht reigned in actuality (the confusion caused by a decline in Eóganachta fortunes).
  2. ^ Tnúthgal mac Artrach of the Eóganacht Glendamnach is sometimes given as a king of Munster on some kings lists, but not in the Annals of Ireland. He died before his father, so it is possible that he never reigned. It is also possible that Tnúthgal mac Donngaile of the Eóganacht Chaisil has been confused with Tnúthgal mac Artrach.

References[edit]

  • Bryne, Francis J. Irish Kings and High Kings. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1973.
  • Charles-Edwards, T.M. Early Christian Ireland. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000. ISBN 9780521363952
  • Moody, T.W.; F.J. Byrne and F.X. Martin, ed. A New History of Ireland. Vol. IX. New York: Oxford University Press, 1982. ISBN 0-19-821744-7
  • Áed Ua Crimthainn, Book of Leinster, c. 1160.
  • The Laud Synchronisms. K. Meyer, 1913.

External links[edit]