List of monarchs of Naples

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The following is a list of rulers of the Kingdom of Naples, from its first separation from the Kingdom of Sicily to its merger with the same into the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies.

Kingdom of Naples (1282–1501)[edit]

House of Anjou[edit]

In 1382, the Kingdom of Naples was heired by Charles III, King of Hungary. After this, the House of Anjou of Naples was renamed House of Anjou-Durazzo, like Charles III married his first cousin Margaret of Durazzo, member of a prominent Neapolitan noble family.

Portrait Coat of Arms Name Reign Relationship with Predecessor(s) Title
Charles IofAnjou.jpg Blason comte fr Anjou.svg Charles I
(Carlo I)
30 March 1282 7 January 1285  • Son of Louis VIII of France King of Sicily, Naples and Albania
(Re di Sicilia, Napoli e Albania)
Charles 2 of Naples.jpg Blason comte fr Anjou.svg Charles II, the Lame
(Carlo II, lo Zoppo)
7 January 1285 5 May 1309  • Son of Charles I King of Naples
(Re di Napoli)
Robert of Naples (head).jpg Blason comte fr Anjou.svg Robert I, the Wise
(Roberto I, il Saggio)
5 May 1309 20 January 1343  • Son of Charles II King of Naples
(Re di Napoli)
Joan I of Naples (head).jpg Blason comte fr Anjou.svg Joanna I
(Giovanna I)
20 January 1343 12 May 1382  • Grandchild of Robert I Queen of Naples
(Regina di Napoli)
Charles III of Naples (head).jpg Armoiries André Hongrie.svg Charles III, the Short
(Carlo III, il Breve)
12 May 1382 24 February 1386  • Great-grandson of Charles II King of Naples
(Re di Napoli)
Ladislas of Naples (head).jpg Armoiries André Hongrie.svg Ladislaus I, the Magnanimous
(Ladislao I, il Magnanimo)
24 February 1386 Early 1390  • Son of Charles III King of Naples
(Re di Napoli)

House of Valois-Anjou (disputed)[edit]

Main article: House of Valois-Anjou
Portrait Coat of Arms Name Reign Relationship with Predecessor(s) Title
Loísd'Anjau.jpg Louis I
(Luigi II)
1382 1384  • Adopted son and heir of Joanna I
 • Could not establish himself in Naples before his death
King of Naples
(Re di Napoli)
Louis II of Anjou, King of Naples and Sicily after an ink and watercolor drawing in the Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris.jpg Coa Hungary Country History Endre (1342-1345).svg Louis II
(Luigi II)
1384 1417  • Son of Louis I (adopted son of Joanna I)
 • Crowned in 1389
 • Actually ruled in Naples only from 1390 until 1399
King of Naples
(Re di Napoli)
Louis3anjou.jpg Louis III
(Luigi II)
1417 1434  • Son of Louis II
 • He was recognised as Joanna's heir in 1423.
King of Naples
(Re di Napoli)

House of Anjou[edit]

Portrait Coat of Arms Name Reign Relationship with Predecessor(s) Title
Ladislas of Naples (head).jpg Armoiries André Hongrie.svg Ladislaus I, the Magnanimous
(Ladislao I, il Magnanimo)
Late 1399 6 August 1414  • Son of Charles III King of Naples
(Re di Napoli)
Johanna II of Naples.jpg Armoiries André Hongrie.svg Joanna II
(Giovanna II)
6 August 1414 2 February 1435  • Daughter of Charles III Queen of Naples
(Regina di Napoli)

House of Valois-Anjou[edit]

Portrait Coat of Arms Name Reign Relationship with Predecessor(s) Title
Le musée d'Histoire de Marseille (14202563122).jpg Coat of arms of René of Anjou (1434-1443).svg René I, the Good
(Renato I, il Buono)
2 February 1435 2 June 1442  • Son of Louis II King of Naples
(Re di Napoli)

House of Trastámara[edit]

Main article: House of Trastámara
Portrait Coat of Arms Name Reign Relationship with Predecessor(s) Title
Alfonso-V-el-Magnanimo.jpg Coat of Arms of Ferdinand I of Naples.svg Alfonso I, the Magnanimous
(Alfonso I, il Magnanimo)
2 June 1442 27 June 1458  • Adopted son of Joanna II; conquered King of Aragon, Sicily and Naples
(Re di Aragona, Sicilia e Napoli)
Ferrante I of Naples.jpg Coat of Arms of Ferdinand I of Naples.svg Ferdinand I
(Ferdinando I)
27 June 1458 25 January 1494  • Illegitimate son of Alfonso I King of Naples
(Re di Napoli)
Alfonso II di Napoli.jpg Coat of Arms of Ferdinand I of Naples.svg Alfonso II
(Alfonso II)
25 January 1494 23 January 1495  • Son of Ferdinand I King of Naples
(Re di Napoli)
Ferrandino Naples.jpg Coat of Arms of Ferdinand I of Naples.svg Ferdinand II
(Ferdinando II)
23 January 1495 7 September 1496  • Son of Alfonso II King of Naples
(Re di Napoli)
Frederick IV of Naples.jpg Coat of Arms of Ferdinand I of Naples.svg Frederick I
(Federico I)
7 September 1496 1 August 1501  • Son of Ferdinand I King of Naples
(Re di Napoli)

Union with France (1501–1504)[edit]

Naples became a personal union of the Kingdom of France, under Louis XII. The local government was ruled by a French viceroy.

Union with Spain (1504–1647)[edit]

Naples became a personal union of the Kingdom of Aragon, under Ferdinand II. Over time, Aragon and the Kingdom of Castile merged to form the Monarchy of Spain, known colloquially as the "Kingdom of Spain", though the constituent crowns retained their own institutions, and were ruled officially as separate states in personal union rather than as a unified state. The local government was ruled by a Spanish viceroy. The royal houses were:

Neapolitan Republic (1647–1648)[edit]

House of Guise[edit]

Main article: House of Guise

Officially a Republic, Naples was governed for a short time by the Duke of Guise, under the title of "Doge of Naples".

Portrait Coat of Arms Name Reign Relationship with Predecessor(s) Title
Van Dyck de Guise.jpg Armoiries ducs de Guise.svg Henry of Guise
(Enrico di Guisa)
22 October 1647 5 April 1648  • Claimed a lineage with the House of Valois-Anjou Doge of Naples
(Doge di Napoli)

Union with Spain (1648–1734)[edit]

Naples returned a personal union of the Kingdom of Spain, under Philip IV. The local government was ruled by a Spanish viceroy. The royal houses were:

Kingdom of Naples (1734–1799)[edit]

House of Bourbon[edit]

Main article: House of Bourbon
Portrait Coat of Arms Name Reign Relationship with Predecessor(s) Title
Charles III of Spain high resolution.jpg Coat of Arms of Infante Charles of Spain as King of Naples and Sicily.svg Charles VII
(Carlo VII)
2 June 1734 6 October 1759  • Son of Philip IV;
confirmed King with a treaty (1738)
King of Spain, Naples and Sicily
(Re di Spagna, Napoli e Sicilia)
Portrait of King Ferdinand IV of Naples.jpg Greater Coat of Arms of Ferdinand IV of Naples.svg Ferdinand IV, the Conky King
(Ferdinando IV, il Re Nasone)
6 October 1759 23 January 1799  • Son of Charles VII King of Naples and Sicily
(Re di Napoli e Sicilia)

Parthenopean Republic (1799)[edit]

Dictators[edit]

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Party Ref.
1 Général championnet.jpg Jean Étienne Championnet
(1762–1800)
21 January 1799 24 February 1799 Military
Championnet, that was appointed to defend the Roman Republic, but despite the French Directory's directives, he also conquered Naples, and created the Parthenopean Republic. After a short dictatorship, was deposed and imprisoned by France same.
2 MacDonald par Antoine Jean Gros.jpg Jacques MacDonald
(1765–1840)
24 February 1799 3 June 1799 Military [1]
After the Championnet's deposition, MacDonald ruled Naples for some months, when he moved his forces in the Northern Italy and Naples was reconquered by the Bourbons's loyalists.

Kingdom of Naples (1799–1816)[edit]

House of Bourbon[edit]

Portrait Coat of Arms Name Reign Relationship with Predecessor(s) Title
Portrait of King Ferdinand IV of Naples.jpg Greater Coat of Arms of Ferdinand IV of Naples.svg Ferdinand IV, the Conky King
(Ferdinando IV, il Re Nasone)
13 June 1799 30 March 1806  • Son of Charles VII King of Naples and Sicily
(Re di Napoli e Sicilia)

House of Bonaparte[edit]

Main article: House of Bonaparte
Portrait Coat of Arms Name Reign Relationship with Predecessor(s) Title
Josée Flaugier - Portrait of King Joseph I (ca. 1809) - Google Art Project.jpg Small Coat of Arms of Joseph Bonaparte as King of Naples.svg Joseph I
(Giuseppe I)
30 March 1806 8 July 1808  • Conquered the Kingdom; appointed by Napoleon Bonaparte King of Naples
(Re di Napoli)

House of Murat[edit]

Main article: House of Murat
Portrait Coat of Arms Name Reign Relationship with Predecessor(s) Title
Joachim Murat (Order of Two-Siciles).jpg Coat of Arms of Joachim Murat as King of Naples.svg Joachim I
(Gioacchino I)
1 August 1808 22 May 1815  • Brother-in-law of Joseph I King of Naples
(Re di Napoli)

House of Bourbon[edit]

Portrait Coat of Arms Name Reign Relationship with Predecessor(s) Title
Portrait of King Ferdinand IV of Naples.jpg Greater Coat of Arms of Ferdinand IV of Naples.svg Ferdinand IV, the Conky King
(Ferdinando IV, il Re Nasone)
22 May 1815 8 December 1816  • Son of Charles VII King of Naples and Sicily
(Re di Napoli e Sicilia)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Acton, Harold (1957). The Bourbons of Naples (1731-1825) (2009 ed.). London: Faber and Faber. ISBN 9780571249015.