List of monarchs of Thomond

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Kings of Thomond
Rí Tuamhain
Kingdom of Thomond.png
Map of Thomond, c. 11th century.
Details
Style Rí Tuamhain
First monarch Conchobhar Ó Briain
Last monarch Murchadh Carrach Ó Briain
Formation 1118
Abolition 1543
Residence Clonroad
Appointer Tanistry
Pretender(s) Conor Myles John O'Brien

The kings of Thomond (Irish: Rí Tuamhain),[1][2] ruled from the establishment of Thomond during the High Middle Ages, until the Early Modern period. Thomond represented the legacy of Brian Bóruma and the High Kings of Ireland of his line who could not hold onto all of Munster, so had to partition the realm between themselves and Desmond, ruled by their rivals the Eóganachta. The Kings of Thomond were drawn from the leading kindred of the Dál gCais known as the Ó Briain. For centuries they fought off challenges from the Normans, including the de Clare family and internal conflict between factions. Eventually Murchadh Carrach Ó Briain decided to surrender and regrant and his realm to the Kingdom of Ireland in 1543 and accepted the titles Baron Inchiquin and Earl of Thomond. The current holder of these titles is Conor Myles John O'Brien.

Kings of Thomond[edit]

Ó Briain, 1118-1277[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Conchobhar Ó Briain
1118–1142
Sword of Nuada.png Son of Diarmuid Ó Briain unknown 1142
Toirdelbhach mac Diarmaida Ó Briain
1142–1167
Sword of Nuada.png Son of Diarmuid Ó Briain unknown 1167
Muircheartach mac Toirdelbhach Ó Briain
1167–1168
Sword of Nuada.png Son of Toirdelbhach mac Diarmaida Ó Briain unknown 1168
Domhnall Mór Ó Briain[3]
1168–1194
Sword of Nuada.png Son of Toirdelbhach mac Diarmaida Ó Briain Orlacan Ní Murchada
Three children
1194
Muircheartach Finn Ó Briain
1194–1198
1203–1210
Sword of Nuada.png Son of Domhnall Mór Ó Briain and Orlacan Ní Murchada unknown 1210
Conchobhar Ruadh Ó Briain
1198–1203
Sword of Nuada.png Son of Domhnall Mór Ó Briain and Orlacan Ní Murchada unknown 1203
Donnchadh Cairprech Ó Briain
1210–1242
Sword of Nuada.png Son of Domhnall Mór Ó Briain and Orlacan Ní Murchada unknown 1242
Conchobhar na Suidaine Ó Briain[nb 1]
1242–1268
Sword of Nuada.png Son of Donnchadh Cairprech Ó Briain unknown 1268
Brian Ruadh Ó Briain
1268–1276
1277
Sword of Nuada.png Son of Conchobhar na Suidaine Ó Briain unknown 1277

Ó Briain Clann Tadhg, 1276-1311[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Toirdelbach Ó Briain
1276–1306
Sword of Nuada.png Son of Tadhg Cael Uisce Ó Briain unknown 1306
Donnchadh mac Toirdelbach Ó Briain
1306–1311
Sword of Nuada.png Son of Toirdelbach Ó Briain unknown 1311

Ó Briain Clann Briain Ruadh, 1277-1284[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Donnchadh mac Brian Ruadh Ó Briain
1277–1284
(claimant)
Sword of Nuada.png Son of Brian Ruadh Ó Briain unknown 1284

Ó Briain Clann Briain Ruadh, 1311-1317[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Diarmuid Cléirech Ó Briain
1311–1313
Sword of Nuada.png Son of Donnchadh mac Brian Ruadh Ó Briain unknown 1313
Donnchadh mac Domhnall Ó Briain
1313–1317
Sword of Nuada.png Son of Domhnall mac Brian Ruadh Ó Briain and Mairéad Nic Mathghamhna unknown 1317

Ó Briain Clann Tadhg, 1317-1343[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Muircheartach Ó Briain
1317–1343
Sword of Nuada.png Son of Toirdelbach Ó Briain Éadaoin Nic Gormáin
Several children
1343

Ó Briain Clann Briain Ruadh, 1343-1350[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Brian Bán Ó Briain
1343–1350
Sword of Nuada.png Son of Domhnall mac Brian Ruadh Ó Briain and Mairéad Nic Mathghamhna unknown 1350

Ó Briain Clann Tadhg, 1350-1543[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Diarmuid mac Toirdelbach Ó Briain
1350–1360
Sword of Nuada.png Son of Toirdelbach Ó Briain unknown 1360
Mathghamhain Maonmhaighe Ó Briain
1360–1369
Sword of Nuada.png Son of Muircheartach Ó Briain and Éadaoin Nic Gormáin Úna Ní Conchubhair
Several children
1369
Brian Sreamhach Ó Briain
1369–1400
Sword of Nuada.png Son of Mathghamhain Maonmhaighe Ó Briain and Úna Ní Conchubhair Sláine Nic Con Mara
Several children
1400
Toirdelbhach Maol Ó Briain
1375–1398
(claimant)
Sword of Nuada.png Son of Muircheartach Ó Briain and Éadaoin Nic Gormáin unknown 1398
Conchobhar mac Mathghamhna Ó Briain
1400–1426
Sword of Nuada.png Son of Mathghamhain Maonmhaighe Ó Briain and Úna Ní Conchubhair unknown 1426
Tadhg an Glemore Ó Briain
1426–1438
Sword of Nuada.png Son of Brian Sreamhach Ó Briain and Sláine Nic Con Mara unknown 1438
Mathghamhain Dall Ó Briain
1438–1444
Sword of Nuada.png Son of Brian Sreamhach Ó Briain and Sláine Nic Con Mara unknown 1444
Toirdelbhach Bóg Ó Briain
1444–1459
Sword of Nuada.png Son of Brian Sreamhach Ó Briain and Sláine Nic Con Mara Catherine Burke
Several children
1459
Tadhg an Chomhaid Ó Briain
1459–1466
Sword of Nuada.png Son of Toirdelbhach Bóg Ó Briain and Catherine Burke Annabella Burke
Several children
1466
Donnchadh mac Mathghamhna Ó Briain
1459–1461
(claimant)
Sword of Nuada.png Son of Mathghamhain Dall Ó Briain unknown 1461
Conchobhar na Srona Ó Briain
1466–1496
Sword of Nuada.png Son of Tadhg an Chomhaid Ó Briain and Annabella Burke unknown 1496
Toirdelbhach Óg Ó Briain
1496–1498
Sword of Nuada.png Son of Toirdelbhach Bóg Ó Briain and Catherine Burke unknown 1498
Toirdelbhach Donn Ó Briain
1498–1528
Sword of Nuada.png Son of Tadhg an Chomhaid Ó Briain and Annabella Burke Raghnailt Nic Con Mara
Several children

Joan FitzMaurice
Several children
1528
Conchobhar mac Toirdhealbaig Ó Briain
1528–1539
Sword of Nuada.png Son of Toirdelbhach Donn Ó Briain and Raghnailt Mac Con Mara unknown 1539
Murchadh Carrach Ó Briain
1539–1543
Sword of Nuada.png Son of Toirdelbhach Donn Ó Briain and Joan FitzMaurice unknown 1543

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Conchobhar Ruadh's son Tadhg Cael Uisce Ó Briain who was Tanist of Thomond, performed most kingly functions in place of his father until his early death in 1259.

References[edit]

  1. ^ House of Brian Boru. http://houseofbrianboru.blogspot.com.au/p/brian-boru.html
  2. ^ "Thomond". dcs.hull.ac.uk. Archived from the original on 24 May 2012. 
  3. ^ "The Normans in Thomond". Joe Power. 21 July 2015. 

External links[edit]