King of the Ring (1993)
|King of the Ring (1993)|
Promotional poster featuring Hulk Hogan
|Promotion||World Wrestling Federation|
|Date||June 13, 1993|
|King of the Ring chronology|
King of the Ring (1993) was a professional wrestling pay-per-view (PPV) event produced by the World Wrestling Federation (WWF). This was the first of ten King of the Ring events that was produced as a pay-per-view. The event resulted from the WWF's decision to make its annual King of the Ring tournament into a televised event. It took place on June 13, 1993, at the Nutter Center in Dayton, Ohio. The card featured ten matches, which resulted from scripted storylines and had results predetermined by the WWF.
The central focus of this PPV event was the tournament itself. Wrestlers gained entry into the tournament by participating in qualifying matches on WWF television programs, and the second, third and fourth rounds of the tournament were televised on the King of the Ring PPV broadcast. Bret Hart won the tournament by defeating Razor Ramon, Mr. Perfect, and Bam Bam Bigelow. He was attacked by Jerry Lawler during a coronation ceremony, which led to a feud that lasted more than two years. In addition to the tournament, the event featured Yokozuna defeating Hulk Hogan for the WWF World Heavyweight Championship as well as Shawn Michaels retaining his belt in a match against Crush for the WWF Intercontinental Championship.
Reviews of the event have been mainly positive. Several reviewers have called Bret Hart's matches the highlight of the PPV. The match for the Intercontinental Championship has received positive reviews, but the ending to the WWF World Heavyweight Championship match, which featured Hulk Hogan in his final PPV appearance in the WWF until 2002, has been criticized. The event was attended by 6,500 fans — the lowest attendance of any King of the Ring event. The PPV buyrate, however, was the highest of any King of the Ring event until 1999. The event has been released on VHS in North America and on VHS and DVD in the United Kingdom.
The WWF had held several "King of the Ring" tournaments in previous years, but it did not become a PPV event until 1993. The 1993 event featured the King of the Ring tournament as well as three other matches. In these matches, wrestlers were portrayed as villains or fan favorites and wrestled in matches that built upon pre-existing feuds and storylines.
Seven of the eight entrants in the quarter-final matches wrestled in a qualifying round prior to the PPV broadcast, while Bret Hart was entered without needing to qualify. Lex Luger was the first wrestler to qualify, as he defeated Bob Backlund in a match televised on the May 2 episode of Wrestling Challenge. Six days later, Razor Ramon was added to the tournament after he defeated Tito Santana on WWF Superstars. On May 9, "Hacksaw" Jim Duggan pinned Papa Shango on Wrestling Challenge to become the fourth entrant. The following night, Bam Bam Bigelow qualified by defeating Typhoon on a live episode of Monday Night Raw. On the May 15 episode of WWF Superstars, Tatanka faced Giant Gonzalez in a qualifying match. Gonzalez choked his opponent and was disqualified by referee Bill Alfonso - whom Gonzalez attacked after the match; as a result, Tatanka advanced to the next round of the tournament. Mr. Perfect and Doink the Clown wrestled three qualifying matches against each other, before a decisive winner could be found to advance in the tournament. They first faced each other on the May 1 episode of WWF Superstars, but the match was declared a draw when the time limit expired. Their next match took place on the May 16 episode of Wrestling Challenge and again resulted in time-limit draw. On the May 24 episode of Monday Night Raw, a third match between the two was ordered, this time with no time limit, and Perfect pinned Doink to advance to the seventh spot in the quarter-finals. In the final qualifying match, Mr. Hughes defeated Kamala on the May 30 episode of Wrestling Challenge.
At WrestleMania IX, Bret Hart dropped the WWF World Heavyweight Championship to Yokozuna. At the conclusion of the match, Mr. Fuji, Yokozuna's manager, threw salt in Hart's eyes, enabling Yokozuna to win the match. After the match, Hulk Hogan came to the ring to help Hart. Fuji challenged Hogan to a match for the WWF World Heavyweight Championship, which took place immediately. Fuji attempted to throw salt in Hogan's eyes, but Hogan moved and the salt hit Yokozuna instead. Hogan quickly defeated him to become the new WWF World Heavyweight Champion. Due to a real-life arrangement with WWF owner Vince McMahon, Hogan was supposed to lose the title to Bret Hart, but he changed his mind and refused to lose to Hart. He formed a compromise that allowed him to face Yokozuna in a rematch at King of the Ring 1993. He did not want to be pinned cleanly, so he insisted on a storyline in which he would lose the belt due to outside interference. As a result of Hart's controversial loss, Jack Tunney, who played the on-screen role of WWF President, granted Hart entry into the King of the Ring tournament without requiring him to win a qualifying match.
Crush faced WWF Intercontinental Champion Shawn Michaels several times in early 1993 but was unable to win the title belt. The pair also faced each other in a qualifying match for the King of the Ring tournament on the May 23 episode of WWF Superstars. The match ended in a double countout, however, and both wrestlers were eliminated from the tournament. It was later announced that they would wrestle each other at King of the Ring 1993, with Michaels's championship on the line.
The event also featured an eight-man tag team match that pitted the fan favorite team of The Steiner Brothers (Rick and Scott Steiner) and The Smoking Gunns (Billy and Bart Gunn) against the villain team of Money Inc. (Ted DiBiase and Irwin R. Schyster) and The Headshrinkers (Samu and Fatu). The Steiners and The Headshrinkers had faced each other at WrestleMania in a match won by the Steiners. The Steiners then moved on to feud with Money Inc., the WWF Tag Team Champions. The Gunns made their WWF debut in the spring of 1993 and faced The Headshrinkers in a series of matches. The match was not a standard tag team match so the championship was not on the line.
|Ring announcer||Howard Finkel|
Before the live PPV broadcast began, a dark match took place between Owen Hart and Papa Shango. Papa Shango pinned Hart to retain the USWA Heavyweight Championship, which was being defended in the WWF as part of a talent exchange program between the WWF and the United States Wrestling Association (USWA).
In the first televised match of the event, Bret Hart fought Razor Ramon. Hart got the early advantage, but Ramon used his size advantage to control much of the match. He performed a fallaway slam and a running powerslam but was unable to pin Hart. Hart performed several of his signature moves, including a Russian legsweep and an elbow drop from the second rope. Ramon regained control of the match and attempted to execute a suplex from the top rope. Hart landed on top of Ramon, however, and pinned him to win the match.
Mr. Hughes used his strength advantage to control the early stages of the following match against Mr. Perfect. After he missed a leg drop, Perfect used the opportunity to perform a neckbreaker on Hughes. Hughes picked up the urn that he had stolen from The Undertaker and hit Perfect with it. As a result, Hughes was disqualified and Mr. Perfect advanced to the next round.
In the next match, "Hacksaw" Jim Duggan faced Bam Bam Bigelow. Neither wrestler was able to gain an advantage until Duggan was thrown into the corner of the ring. He suffered a storyline injury, which allowed Bigelow to place Duggan in a bear hug. Duggan bit Bigelow to escape from the hold. He executed a powerslam and attempted to perform his signature move, a charging clothesline. Bigelow moved out of the way, however, and performed a diving headbutt on Duggan to get the pinfall victory.
Tatanka gained the early advantage over Lex Luger in the next match. He performed a crossbody to knock Luger down to the mat. Luger elbowed Tatanka to escape from a hold and then executed a chinlock on Tatanka. Tatanka came back by performing a knife-edge chop on Luger. He attempted the same move from the top rope, but Luger blocked him. Luger performed a clothesline on Tatanka to knock him down, but he was unable to pin him. The time limit expired, and both wrestlers were eliminated from the tournament. As a result, Bigelow received a bye into the final round.
The semi-final round of the tournament took place immediately after the first round, and Mr. Perfect gained the early advantage over Bret Hart. Hart reversed the momentum of the match by applying a series of headlocks on Perfect. Perfect then performed a dropkick on Hart and followed it up by pushing him off the edge of the ring into the steel barricade on the arena floor. Perfect then performed another dropkick, but Hart recovered and executed a superplex on Perfect. Hart wore down Perfect's leg with a figure four leglock and attempted to perform the Sharpshooter, his finishing maneuver. Perfect blocked the move and attempted to perform the Perfectplex, his finishing move, on Hart. Hart reversed this move, however, and both men were thrown out of the ring. When they returned to the ring, Perfect tried to pin Hart with a small package. Hart reversed the move to get the pinfall victory and advance to the tournament final.
The WWF World Heavyweight Championship match came next, as Hulk Hogan defended his title against Yokozuna. Yokozuna controlled the beginning of the match until he ran at Hogan in the corner but missed an avalanche splash. Hogan tried twice to body slam Yokozuna but could not pick him up. Yokozuna performed a bear hug on Hogan and tried to pin him after executing a belly to belly suplex. Hogan kicked Yokozuna in the face three times and knocked him down to the mat. He performed a leg drop, his signature move, on Yokozuna but was unable to pin him. As Hogan prepared to attempt to body slam Yokozuna, manager Harvey Wippleman, disguised as a planted photographer, jumped up onto the edge of the ring. His camera exploded in Hogan's face, which allowed Yokozuna to knock Hogan down and perform a leg drop. Yokozuna pinned Hogan to regain the WWF World Heavyweight Championship and performed a Banzai drop on Hogan after the match.
In the next match, the team of the Steiner Brothers (Rick and Scott Steiner) and The Smoking Gunns (Billy and Bart Gunn) faced the team of Money Inc. (Ted DiBiase and Irwin R. Schyster) and The Headshrinkers (Samu and Fatu). The match began with the Steiners in control as they took turns attacking DiBiase. Fatu and Bart Gunn entered the match, and Fatu and his teammates wore Bart down while preventing him from tagging in a partner. Billy Gunn fought DiBiase and controlled the match until DiBiase performed the Million Dollar Dream on Billy. DiBiase released the hold and gloated about his performance. This enabled Billy Gunn to surprise DiBiase with a small package pinfall to win the match. After the match, the teams continued to fight until the Steiners and Gunns cleared their opponents from the ring.
The following match featured Shawn Michaels defending his WWF Intercontinental Championship against Crush. Crush controlled the early portion of the match by performing several dropkicks on Michaels, which he followed with a military press slam and a tilt-a-whirl backbreaker. Michaels left the ring to recover and returned to attack Crush's head. Michaels was unable to pin Crush, however, and Crush threw Michaels out of the ring. Two wrestlers dressed as Doink the Clown, with whom Crush had been feuding, came to the ring to distract Crush. Michaels performed a superkick, his signature move, and pinned Crush to retain the championship.
The final match of the evening was between Bret Hart and Bam Bam Bigelow to determine the winner of the tournament. Bigelow used his strength advantage to control the beginning of the match. He threw Hart out of the ring and focused on injuring Hart's back. Hart escaped from a bear hug and pushed Bigelow into the steel rail at ringside. Bigelow responded by pushing Hart's back into the ring post. Luna Vachon, Bigelow's valet, hit Hart with a chair, which enabled Bigelow to pin Hart and be declared the winner. Referee Earl Hebner came to the ring, however, and explained to Joey Marella, the referee for the match, what had happened. The match was ordered to continue, and Bigelow continued to attack Hart's back. While Bigelow was outside of the ring, Hart performed a flying crossbody by jumping over the top rope and landing on Bigelow. He attempted to perform the Sharpshooter but was unable. As Bigelow ran at Hart in the corner of the ring, Hart moved out of the way. He climbed onto Bigelow's shoulders and flipped Bigelow forward to pin him with a victory roll.
A coronation ceremony took place, in which Hart was proclaimed King of the Ring. Jerry Lawler interrupted the ceremony, however, and claimed to be the only king in the WWF. He had been using the nickname "The King" since defeating Jackie Fargo for the AWA Southern Heavyweight Championship in 1974 and did not want to share the title. Lawler attacked Hart and hit him with the scepter and throne that were being used for the ceremony. As the PPV went off the air, Hart was lying on the floor, unable to fight back.
For the remainder of the summer, Hulk Hogan resumed his feud with Yokozuna on the international house show circuit. He then left the WWF and focused on his acting career. He starred in Thunder in Paradise, a weekly syndicated television show that ran from 1993 to 1994. While filming the show, he was offered a contract with World Championship Wrestling (WCW), the WWF's main competitor. He joined WCW in summer 1994 and wrestled his first match at Bash at the Beach 1994, where he defeated Ric Flair to win the WCW World Heavyweight Championship. He continued to wrestle for WCW until the summer of 2000 and did not return to the WWF until early 2002.
Yokozuna held the WWF World Heavyweight Championship for over nine months before dropping the belt to Bret Hart. Shawn Michaels was stripped of the Intercontinental Championship in September 1993, which set up a battle royal in which Razor Ramon became the next champion. The Steiner Brothers continued to feud with Money Inc. over the WWF Tag Team Championship. They defeated DiBiase and Schyster the day after King of the Ring to win the belts. They held them for two days before losing them to Money Inc. Three days later, the Steiners regained the belts, which they held for the remainder of the feud.
Jerry Lawler feuded with Bret Hart for more than two years after King of the Ring. They faced each other at SummerSlam 1993 to determine the true king of the WWF. Lawler won the match and the title after Hart was disqualified. They were supposed to wrestle against each other at Survivor Series 1993 in an elimination match, but Lawler was unable to appear because he had been charged with rape and sodomy in real life. The accuser later admitted that she had falsified the charges. Hart feuded with his brother Owen throughout 1994, so the feud with Lawler lay dormant. Lawler accused Bret Hart of being a racist in 1995 in order to create problems between Hart and Japanese wrestler Hakushi. This re-ignited the feud between Hart and Lawler, and they faced each other at In Your House 1. Hakushi interfered in the match, which enabled Lawler to pin Hart. This set up a "Kiss my Foot" match between Hart and Lawler at King of the Ring 1995. According to the stipulation, the loser would be forced to kiss the winner's feet. Lawler lost and brought in his dentist, Isaac Yankem, who soon debuted in the WWF. Yankem wrestled Hart at SummerSlam 1995; Hart won the match by disqualification after Yankem and Lawler choked Hart with the ring ropes.
Reviews for the event have been mainly positive. Writing for Online Onslaught, columnist Adam Gutschmidt stated that the event is the best King of the Ring show to watch. He called all three of Bret Hart's matches "outstanding" but was not as impressed with any of the other matches on the card. He thought that the eight-man match served no real purpose, the match between Luger and Tatanka was poorly planned and executed, and that the WWF World Heavyweight Championship match was the worst on the card. Also writing for Online Onslaught, Rick Scaia also enjoyed Bret Hart's matches. He thought that the match between Tatanka and Luger was a "good booking decision" and that the wrestlers performed well in the match. He also enjoyed the endings to the WWF World Heavyweight Championship match and the Intercontinental Championship match. The review from The Other Arena also praised Bret Hart's matches, as well as the Intercontinental Championship match. The other matches were not rated as highly, although only the WWF World Heavyweight Championship match was said to be a bad match.
The attendance for the event was 6,500 fans, who paid a total of $80,000 in admission. This is the lowest attendance figure for a King of the Ring event. The attendance the following year was almost twice as large, as 12,000 fans attended King of the Ring 1994. The PPV buyrate was 1.1, which was the highest buyrate in King of the Ring history until the 1999 event.
The event was released on VHS in North America by Coliseum Video on August 11, 1993. It has also been released on VHS in PAL format in the United Kingdom. Packaged together with King of the Ring 1994, it was released on DVD in the United Kingdom as part of the WWE Tagged Classics line on July 5, 2004.
|1D||Papa Shango (c) defeated Owen Hart||Singles match for the USWA Heavyweight Championship||Unknown|
|2||Bret Hart defeated Razor Ramon||King of the Ring quarter-final match||10:25|
|3||Mr. Perfect defeated Mr. Hughes (with Harvey Wippleman)||King of the Ring quarter-final match||06:02|
|4||Bam Bam Bigelow defeated Jim Duggan||King of the Ring quarter-final match||04:59|
|5||Tatanka vs. Lex Luger ended in a time-limit draw||King of the Ring quarter-final match||15:00|
|6||Bret Hart defeated Mr. Perfect||King of the Ring semi-final match||18:56|
|7||Yokozuna (with Mr. Fuji) defeated Hulk Hogan (c) (with Jimmy Hart)||Singles match for the WWF Championship||13:09|
|8||The Smoking Gunns (Billy Gunn and Bart Gunn) and The Steiner Brothers (Rick Steiner and Scott Steiner) defeated The Headshrinkers (Samu and Fatu) (with Afa) and Money Inc. (Ted DiBiase and Irwin R. Schyster)||Eight-man tag team match||06:49|
|9||Shawn Michaels (c) (with Diesel) defeated Crush||Singles match for the WWF Intercontinental Championship||11:14|
|10||Bret Hart defeated Bam Bam Bigelow||King of the Ring final match||18:11|
The tournament took place between May 2 and June 13, 1993. The tournament brackets were:
|Doink the Clown||11:30|
|Bam Bam Bigelow||18:20|
|Bam Bam Bigelow||5:00|
|Bam Bam Bigelow||Pin|
|Bam Bam Bigelow|
- "Once they were Kings". The Sun. 2003-06-04. Retrieved 2008-11-30.
- "Wrestling Challenge". WWF Television. 1993-05-02. Syndicated.
- "WWF Superstars". WWF Television. 1993-05-08. Syndicated.
- "Wrestling Challenge". WWF Television. 1993-05-09. Syndicated.
- "Monday Night Raw". WWF Television. 1993-05-10. USA Network.
- "WWF Superstars of Wrestling". WWF Television. 1993-05-15. Syndicated.
- "WWF Superstars". WWF Television. 1993-05-01. Syndicated.
- "Wrestling Challenge". WWF Television. 1993-05-16. Syndicated.
- "Monday Night Raw". WWF Television. 1993-05-24. USA Network.
- "Wrestling Challenge". WWF Television. 1993-05-30. Syndicated.
- "History of the WWE Championship: Yokozuna's first reign". WWE. Retrieved 2008-10-03.
- "History of the WWE Championship: Hulk Hogan's fifth reign". WWE. Retrieved 2008-10-03.
- Reynolds, R.D. (2003). WrestleCrap: The Very Worst of Pro Wrestling. ECW Press. pp. 139–140. ISBN 1-55022-584-7.
- "Hulk Hogan – FAQ". WrestleView. Retrieved 2008-09-30.
- Cawthon, Graham. "Ring Results: 1993". The History of WWE. Retrieved 2009-09-19.
- "WWF Superstars". WWF Television. 1993-05-23. Syndicated.
- "WrestleMania IX Results". WWE. Retrieved 2008-10-03.
- "WWF King of the Ring 1993". Hoffco. Retrieved 2008-10-02.
- "King of the Ring 1993". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2008-10-02.
- Gutschmidt, Adam (2004-06-23). "King of the Ring 1993 Re-Revued". Online Onslaught. Retrieved 2008-10-02.
- WWF King of the Ring 1993 (VHS). Coliseum Video. 1993.
- "WWE Championship Title History (Smackdown)". WrestleView. Retrieved 2011-06-30.
- "History of the WWE Championship: Yokozuna's second reign". WWE. Retrieved 2008-10-02.
- "SLAM Bio: Jerry Lawler". SLAM! Sports. 2005-02-05. Retrieved 2008-07-13.
- Sugar, Bert Randolph; George Napolitano. The Pictorial History of Wrestling: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly. p. 46. ISBN 0-8317-3912-6.
- Lawler, Jerry (2003). It's Good to Be the King...Sometimes. Simon & Schuster. p. 279. ISBN 0-7434-7557-7.
- Kaelberer, Angie Peterson (2003). Hulk Hogan: Pro Wrestler Terry Bollea. Capstone Press. p. 29. ISBN 0-7368-2140-6.
- "History of the WCW World Championship: Hulk Hogan's first reign". WWE. Retrieved 2008-10-03.
- Kaelberer, Angie Peterson (2003). Hulk Hogan: Pro Wrestler Terry Bollea. Capstone Press. p. 35. ISBN 0-7368-2140-6.
- "Hall of Fame: Hulk Hogan". WWE. Retrieved 2009-09-19.
- "History of the World Tag Team Championship: The Steiners' first reign". WWE. Retrieved 2008-10-03.
- "History of the World Tag Team Championship: Money Inc.'s third reign". WWE. Retrieved 2008-10-03.
- "History of the World Tag Team Championship: The Steiners' second reign". WWE. Retrieved 2008-10-03.
- "SummerSlam 1993 Results". WWE. Retrieved 2008-10-03.
- "Jerry Lawler – FAQ". WrestleView. Retrieved 2008-10-02.
- "Monday Night Raw". WWF Television. 1993-02-20. USA Network.
- Gutschmidt, Adam (2004-09-01). "In Your House #1 Re-Revued". Online Onslaught. Retrieved 2008-10-03.
- "In Your House Results". World Wrestling Federation Magazine. TitanSports, Inc. 14 (8): 44–45. August 1995.
- Greenberg, Keith Elliot (September 1995). "Face the Heat: SummerSlam Preview". World Wrestling Federation Magazine. TitanSports. 14 (9): 50.
- "SummerSlam 1995 Results". WWE. Retrieved 2008-10-03.
- Greenberg, Keith Elliot (November 1995). "Bret "Hit Man" Hart vs. Isaac Yankem, D.D.S.". World Wrestling Federation Magazine. TitanSports. 14 (11): 40–41.
- Scaia, Rick (1993-06-17). "King of the Ring PPV, Live in Person". Online Onslaught. Retrieved 2008-10-03.
- "King of the Ring '93". The Other Arena. Archived from the original on 2006-10-26. Retrieved 2008-10-03.
- "King of the Ring PPVs". Pro Wrestling History. Retrieved 2008-10-03.
- "King of the Ring 1993". Amazon.com. Retrieved 2008-10-02.
- "WWF King of the Ring 1993 Video". Amazon UK. Retrieved 2008-10-02.
- "WWE – King Of The Ring 1993/94". Amazon.co.uk. Retrieved 2008-10-02.