Kingdom Centre

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Kingdom Centre
مركز المملكة
A recent image of Kingdom Center dated January 13th 2017.
Kingdom Centre is located in Saudi Arabia
Kingdom Centre
Location within Saudi Arabia
Alternative namesRiyadh City Center
General information
TypeCommercial offices
Residential condominiums
Architectural styleModernism
LocationKing Fahad Road
Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Coordinates24°42′41″N 46°40′28″E / 24.7113°N 46.6744°E / 24.7113; 46.6744Coordinates: 24°42′41″N 46°40′28″E / 24.7113°N 46.6744°E / 24.7113; 46.6744
Construction started1999
CostSR 1.7 billion (US$453 million)
Architectural302.3 m (991.80 ft)
Top floor290.4 m (952.76 ft)
Observatory290.4 m (952.76 ft)
Technical details
Floor count41
2 below ground
Floor area185,000 m2 (1,991,323 sq ft)
Design and construction
ArchitectEllerbe Becket
Omrania and Associates
DeveloperKingdom Holding Company
Structural engineerArup
Main contractorEL-Seif Engineering Contracting

Kingdom Centre (Arabic: مركز المملكة‎) is a 41-storey, 302.3 m (992 ft) skyscraper in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. It is the fifth-tallest skyscraper in the country, whose tallest two buildings are the Abraj Al Bait Towers and the Capital Market Authority Tower. It is the world's third-tallest building with a hole after the Shanghai World Financial Center and the 85 Sky Tower in Taiwan.

It was developed by Prince Al-Waleed bin Talal[5] and designed by architects Ellerbe Becket and Omrania in joint venture.[6] When completed in 2002, it overtook the Faisaliyah Tower, which – at 267 metres – was the tallest tower in Riyadh at that time.

Besides the shopping mall, Kingdom Tower contains the Four Seasons Hotel Riyadh and apartments. There is a 65m skybridge atop the skyscraper.[7]

The building is situated on a 100,000–square metre site, with parking for 3,000 vehicles.[8] The building structure consists of two systems: reinforced concrete columns, beams and core for the first 180 meters, and a steel frame structure for the building‘s remaining height.[9] The foundation is a four-meter-thick, 3,100-square-meter raft foundation.[9]

The upper third of the tower features an inverted parabolic arch.[8] The building uses butt jointed glazing, combined with the lack of both distinguished floor lines and other tall buildings around it.[8] The lower two thirds were constructed with a reinforced concrete frame while the top third has a tubular steel frame.[8]

The Sky Bridge sits atop the tower. It is a 300-ton steel structure, taking the form of an enclosed corridor with windows on both sides. After paying the admission fees, visitors take two elevators to reach that level.[10]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Kingdom Centre". CTBUH Skyscraper Center.
  2. ^ Kingdom Centre at Emporis
  3. ^ "Kingdom Centre". SkyscraperPage.
  4. ^ Kingdom Centre at Structurae
  5. ^ Khan, Riz (2005). Alwaleed, Businessman Billionaire Prince. New York: HarperCollins. p. 139-141. ISBN 9780060850302.
  6. ^ "Kingdom Centre - The Skyscraper Center". Retrieved 2019-01-23.
  7. ^ "Kingdom Centre | Sky Bridge". Retrieved 2019-01-23.
  8. ^ a b c d Binder, Georges (2006). Tall Buildings: Of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. Images Publishing. p. 212. ISBN 1876907819. Retrieved 20 June 2013.
  9. ^ a b "Kingdom Centre". Architect Magazine. 2018-11-19. Retrieved 2019-01-23.
  10. ^ "Sky Bridge". Official site.

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Al Faisaliyah Center
Tallest building in Saudi Arabia
2002 – 2010
Succeeded by
Capital Market Authority Headquarters