Kingdom of Syunik

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Kingdom of Syunik


Royal Standard of the Principality of Khachen (Kingdom of Syunik) during the reign of Grand Prince Hasan Jalal Vahtangian (1214-1261)

Syunik as vassal of the Armenian kingdom around 1000
Capital Kapan, Haterk, Vaykunik, Hohanaberd
Languages Armenian
Religion Armenian Apostolic
Government Monarchy
King Hovhannes-Senekerim
 •  Established 1000
 •  Subdivision of the kingdom 1182
 •  Acquisition of Dizak and Gardman 1261
 •  Assassination of Hasan Jalal, last king of Syunik 1261

The Kingdom of Syunik (Armenian: Սյունիքի թագավորություն), was a medieval dependent Armenian kingdom on the territory of Syunik, Artsakh (present-day Nagorno-Karabakh), Gardman and Gegharkunik.[1] Contemporary sources referred to it as the Khachen. The royal[citation needed] house of Artsakh was a cadet branch of the ancient Syunid dynasty and was named Khachen, after its main stronghold. The kingdom emerged when Hovhannes-Senekerim acquired the royal title in 1000.[citation needed]

The kingdom was under the protectorate of the Bagratuni kings of Armenia.

Syunik maintained its sovereign rulers, though in the early 13th century they accepted Georgian, then Mongol suzerainty.[2] They lost the royal title after the assassination of Hasan-Jalal (1214–1261) by the Ilkhanid ruler Arghun, but continued to rule Syunik as a principality, which from the 16th century comprised five Armenian melikdoms and lasted until the early 19th century.[1] The descendants of the kings of Syunik played a prominent role in the history of Syunik as far as the 20th century.[citation needed]


  1. ^ a b Hewsen, Robert H (2001). Armenia: A Historical Atlas. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. pp. 118–121. ISBN 0-226-33228-4. 
  2. ^ Hewsen, Robert H. "The Meliks of Eastern Armenia: A Preliminary Study." Revue des Études Arméniennes. NS: IX, 1972, pp. 255-329.

Further reading[edit]

  • Robert H. Hewsen. "The Kingdom of Arc'ax" in Medieval Armenian Culture (University of Pennsylvania Armenian Texts and Studies). Thomas J. Samuelian and Michael E. Stone (eds.) Chico, California: Scholars Press, 1984. ISBN 0-89130-642-0.