Kingdom of Syunik
|Kingdom of Syunik|
Syunik as vassal of the Armenian kingdom around 1000
|Capital||Kapan, Haterk, Vaykunik, Hohanaberd|
|•||Subdivision of the kingdom||1182|
|•||Acquisition of Dizak and Gardman||1261|
|•||Assassination of Hasan Jalal, last king of Syunik||1261|
|History of Armenia|
The Kingdom of Syunik (Armenian: Սյունիքի թագավորություն), was a medieval dependent Armenian kingdom on the territory of Syunik, Artsakh (present-day Nagorno-Karabakh), Gardman and Gegharkunik. Contemporary sources referred to it as the Khachen. The royal house of Artsakh was a cadet branch of the ancient Syunid dynasty and was named Khachen, after its main stronghold. The kingdom emerged when Hovhannes-Senekerim acquired the royal title in 1000.
The kingdom was under the protectorate of the Bagratuni kings of Armenia.
Syunik maintained its sovereign rulers, though in the early 13th century they accepted Georgian, then Mongol suzerainty. They lost the royal title after the assassination of Hasan-Jalal (1214–1261) by the Ilkhanid ruler Arghun, but continued to rule Syunik as a principality, which from the 16th century comprised five Armenian melikdoms and lasted until the early 19th century. The descendants of the kings of Syunik played a prominent role in the history of Syunik as far as the 20th century.
- Robert H. Hewsen. "The Kingdom of Arc'ax" in Medieval Armenian Culture (University of Pennsylvania Armenian Texts and Studies). Thomas J. Samuelian and Michael E. Stone (eds.) Chico, California: Scholars Press, 1984. ISBN 0-89130-642-0.